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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Hawaii

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Hawaii , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2017

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Country or region: Hawaii [map]
Number of species: 345
Number of endemics: 59
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 44
Number of extinct species: 19
Number of introduced species: 62
Date last reviewed: 2010-09-05
See also: http://www.hawaiiaudubon.com/checklist/checklist2002.pdf

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisRare/Accidental
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Brent GooseBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Hawaiian GooseBranta sandvicensisEndemic Vulnerable
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Emperor GooseAnser canagicusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow GooseAnser caerulescensRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandicaRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
GoosanderMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferinaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
GarganeySpatula querquedulaRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
Baikal TealSibirionetta formosaRare/Accidental
Falcated DuckMareca falcataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
GadwallMareca streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonMareca americana
Laysan DuckAnas laysanensisEndemic Critically endangered
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Hawaiian DuckAnas wyvillianaEndemic Endangered
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species
Gambel's QuailCallipepla gambeliiIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species
Japanese QuailCoturnix japonicaIntroduced species Near-threatened
Chukar PartridgeAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Erckel's FrancolinPternistis erckeliiIntroduced species
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinusIntroduced species
Grey FrancolinFrancolinus pondicerianusIntroduced species
Chinese Bamboo PartridgeBambusicola thoracicusExtirpated
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Green PheasantPhasianus versicolorIntroduced species
Kalij PheasantLophura leucomelanosIntroduced species
Silver PheasantLophura nycthemeraExtirpated
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsRare/Accidental
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaRare/Accidental
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
Spotted-necked DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraIntroduced species
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustusIntroduced species

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Mariana SwiftletAerodramus bartschiIntroduced species Endangered
Edible-nest SwiftletAerodramus fuciphagus
Fork-tailed SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

SoraPorzana carolinaRare/Accidental
Laysan RailZapornia palmeriEndemic Extinct
Hawaiian RailZapornia sandwichensisEndemic Extinct
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
Hawaiian CootFulica alaiEndemic Vulnerable
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensisRare/Accidental

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Pacific LoonGavia pacificaRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-petrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilisNear-threatened
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripesNear-threatened
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrusVulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Madeiran Storm-petrelHydrobates castro
Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhous
Tristram's Storm-petrelHydrobates tristramiNear-threatened
Fork-tailed Storm-petrelHydrobates furcatusRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Stejneger's PetrelPterodroma longirostrisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleuca
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennisRare/Accidental
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultimaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglectaRare/Accidental
Herald PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensisBreeding endemic Vulnerable
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Juan Fernandez PetrelPterodroma externaVulnerable
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleriRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipesRare/Accidental
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Bryan's ShearwaterPuffinus bryaniRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus auricularis
Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Green HeronButorides virescensRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisIntroduced species
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White-faced IbisPlegadis chihiRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata arielRare/Accidental
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Red-footed BoobySula sula
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Nazca BoobySula grantiRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisVulnerable
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental Endangered
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
SurfbirdCalidris virgataRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Pintail SnipeGallinago stenuraRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
WilletTringa semipalmataRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataRare/Accidental
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculataRare/Accidental
Cassin's AukletPtychoramphus aleuticusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Parakeet AukletAethia psittaculaRare/Accidental
Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental
Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Blue NoddyProcelsterna cerulea
Atoll TernGygis alba
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicusRare/Accidental
Western GullLarus occidentalisRare/Accidental
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescens
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Grey-backed TernOnychoprion lunatus
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Least TernSternula antillarum
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Elegant TernThalasseus elegansRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergiiRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosRare/Accidental
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensisRare/Accidental
White-tailed Sea EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Hawaiian HawkButeo solitariusEndemic Near-threatened
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto albaIntroduced species

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Red-crowned ParrotAmazona viridigenalisIntroduced species Endangered
Burrowing ParakeetCyanoliseus patagonusIntroduced species (non established)
Mitred ParakeetPsittacara mitratusIntroduced species
Red-masked ParakeetPsittacara erythrogenysIntroduced species Near-threatened

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species
Pale-headed RosellaPlatycercus adscitusIntroduced species (non established)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Hawaiian CrowCorvus hawaiiensisEndemic Extinct in the wild
Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Kauai ElepaioChasiempis sclateriEndemic Vulnerable
Oahu ElepaioChasiempis ibidisEndemic Endangered
Hawaii ElepaioChasiempis sandwichensisEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Red-cheeked Cordon-bleuUraeginthus bengalusIntroduced species
Lavender WaxbillEstrilda caerulescensIntroduced species
Orange-cheeked WaxbillEstrilda melpodaIntroduced species
Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesIntroduced species
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species
African SilverbillEuodice cantansIntroduced species
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataIntroduced species
Black-headed MuniaLonchura malaccaIntroduced species
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Poo-uliMelamprosops phaeosomaEndemic Critically endangered
Oahu AlauahioParoreomyza maculataEndemic Critically endangered
KakawahieParoreomyza flammeaEndemic Extinct
Maui AlauahioParoreomyza montanaEndemic Endangered
Lanai HookbillDysmorodrepanis munroiEndemic Extinct
Lesser Koa FinchRhodacanthis flavicepsEndemic Extinct
Greater Koa FinchRhodacanthis palmeriEndemic Extinct
Kona GrosbeakChloridops konaEndemic Extinct
Laysan FinchTelespiza cantansEndemic Vulnerable
Nihoa FinchTelespiza ultimaEndemic Critically endangered
PalilaLoxioides bailleuiEndemic Critically endangered
OuPsittirostra psittaceaEndemic Critically endangered
AkikikiOreomystis bairdiEndemic Critically endangered
AnianiauMagumma parvaEndemic Vulnerable
AkekeeLoxops caeruleirostrisEndemic Critically endangered
Hawaii AkepaLoxops coccineusEndemic
Maui AkepaLoxops ochraceusEndemic
Oahu AkepaLoxops wolstenholmeiEndemic
Hawaii CreeperManucerthia manaEndemic Endangered
Hawaii AmakihiChlorodrepanis virensEndemic
Oahu AmakihiChlorodrepanis flavaEndemic Vulnerable
Kauai AmakihiChlorodrepanis stejnegeriEndemic Vulnerable
Oahu NukupuuHemignathus lucidusEndemic
Kauai NukupuuHemignathus hanapepeEndemic
Maui NukupuuHemignathus affinisEndemic
AkiapolaauHemignathus wilsoniEndemic Endangered
Greater AmakihiViridonia sagittirostrisEndemic Extinct
Lesser AkialoaAkialoa obscuraEndemic Extinct
Oahu AkialoaAkialoa ellisianaEndemic
Lanai AkialoaAkialoa lanaiensisEndemic
Kauai AkialoaAkialoa stejnegeriEndemic
Maui ParrotbillPseudonestor xanthophrysEndemic Critically endangered
IiwiVestiaria coccineaEndemic Vulnerable
ApapaneHimatione sanguineaEndemic
Laysan HoneycreeperHimatione fraithiiEndemic
AkohekohePalmeria doleiEndemic Critically endangered
Ula-ai-hawaneCiridops annaEndemic Extinct
Hawaii MamoDrepanis pacificaEndemic Extinct
Black MamoDrepanis funereaEndemic Extinct
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusIntroduced species
Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambicaIntroduced species
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
European SerinSerinus serinusIntroduced species
Atlantic CanarySerinus canariaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaIntroduced species
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaIntroduced species
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaIntroduced species
Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusIntroduced species
Red-crested CardinalParoaria coronataIntroduced species
Yellow-billed CardinalParoaria capitataIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

MillerbirdAcrocephalus familiarisEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosusIntroduced species
Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Japanese Bush WarblerHorornis diphoneIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Japanese White-eyeZosterops japonicusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Melodious Laughing-thrushGarrulax canorusIntroduced species
Greater Necklaced Laughing-thrushGarrulax pectoralisIntroduced species
Grey-sided Laughing-thrushGarrulax caerulatusExtirpated
Red-billed LeiothrixLeiothrix luteaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mohoidae

Kauai O-oMoho braccatusEndemic Extinct
Oahu O-oMoho apicalisEndemic Extinct
Bishop's O-oMoho bishopiEndemic Extinct
Hawaii O-oMoho nobilisEndemic Extinct
KioeaChaetoptila angustiplumaEndemic Extinct

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

White-rumped ShamaKittacincla malabaricaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

KamaoMyadestes myadestinusEndemic Extinct
OlomaoMyadestes lanaiensis
OmaoMyadestes obscurusEndemic Vulnerable
PuaiohiMyadestes palmeriEndemic Critically endangered
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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