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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Big Island

This checklist includes all bird species found in Big Island , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Big Island
Number of species: 208
Number of endemics: 14
Number of globally threatened species: 20
Number of extinct species: 11
Number of introduced species: 54
Date last reviewed: 2009-08-01

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Emperor GooseChen canagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow GooseChen caerulescensRare/Accidental
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Hawaiian GooseBranta sandvicensisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Hawaiian DuckAnas wyvillianaEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedulaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas creccaRare/Accidental
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species
Gambel's QuailCallipepla gambeliiIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

ChukarAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Gray FrancolinFrancolinus pondicerianusIntroduced species
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinusIntroduced species
Erckel's FrancolinFrancolinus erckeliiIntroduced species
Japanese QuailCoturnix japonicaIntroduced species Near-threatened
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Kalij PheasantLophura leucomelanosIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripesVulnerable
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrusVulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglectaRare/Accidental
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultimaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Juan Fernandez PetrelPterodroma externaVulnerable
Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensisVulnerable
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisRare/Accidental
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleucaRare/Accidental
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennisRare/Accidental
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasRare/Accidental
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus
Buller's ShearwaterPuffinus bulleriRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus auricularis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricaudaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minorRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogasterRare/Accidental
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisIntroduced species
Green HeronButorides virescensRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White-faced IbisPlegadis chihiRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Northern HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Hawaiian HawkButeo solitariusEndemic Near-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Hawaiian RailPorzana sandwichensisEndemic Extinct
Common GallinuleGallinula galeataExtirpated
Hawaiian CootFulica alaiEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
California GullLarus californicusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Gray-backed TernOnychoprion lunatus
Least TernSternula antillarum
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergiiRare/Accidental
Elegant TernThalasseus elegansRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustusIntroduced species

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraIntroduced species

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaIntroduced species

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species
Burrowing ParakeetCyanoliseus patagonusIntroduced species (non established)
Mitred ParakeetAratinga mitrataIntroduced species
Red-masked ParakeetAratinga erythrogenysIntroduced species Near-threatened
Red-crowned ParrotAmazona viridigenalisIntroduced species Endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Hawaii ElepaioChasiempis sandwichensisEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Hawaiian CrowCorvus hawaiiensisEndemic Extinct in the wild

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Sky LarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species
Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Japanese Bush-WarblerHorornis diphoneIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Japanese White-eyeZosterops japonicusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Chinese HwameiGarrulax canorusIntroduced species
Greater Necklaced LaughingthrushIanthocincla pectoralisIntroduced species
Red-billed LeiothrixLeiothrix luteaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

OmaoMyadestes obscurusEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mohoidae

Hawaii OoMoho nobilisEndemic Extinct
KioeaChaetoptila angustiplumaEndemic Extinct

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Red-crested CardinalParoaria coronataIntroduced species
Yellow-billed CardinalParoaria capitataIntroduced species
Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaIntroduced species
Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaIntroduced species
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

OuPsittirostra psittaceaEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered
PalilaLoxioides bailleuiEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered
Lesser Koa-FinchRhodacanthis flavicepsEndemic Extinct
Greater Koa-FinchRhodacanthis palmeriEndemic Extinct
Kona GrosbeakChloridops konaEndemic Extinct
Hawaii AmakihiHemignathus virensEndemic (country/region)
Greater AmakihiHemignathus sagittirostrisEndemic Extinct
Lesser AkialoaHemignathus obscurusEndemic (country/region) Extinct
NukupuuHemignathus lucidusEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered
AkiapolaauHemignathus munroiEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Hawaii CreeperLoxops manaEndemic Endangered
AkepaLoxops coccineusEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Ula-ai-hawaneCiridops annaEndemic Extinct
IiwiVestiaria coccineaEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Hawaii MamoDrepanis pacificaEndemic Extinct
ApapaneHimatione sanguineaEndemic (country/region)
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusIntroduced species
Yellow-fronted CanarySerinus mozambicusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Lavender WaxbillEstrilda caerulescensIntroduced species
Orange-cheeked WaxbillEstrilda melpodaIntroduced species
Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesIntroduced species
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Red-cheeked CordonbleuUraeginthus bengalusIntroduced species
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species
African SilverbillEuodice cantansIntroduced species
Nutmeg MannikinLonchura punctulataIntroduced species
Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapillaIntroduced species
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species Vulnerable

 

References (partial list)

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