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Hawaii Leeward Islands

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Hawaii Leeward Islands , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2017. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2018

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Country or region: Hawaii Leeward Islands [map]
Other names: Northwestern Islands, Northwestern Chain
Number of species: 170
Number of endemics: 3
Number of globally threatened species: 14
Number of extinct species: 2
Number of introduced species: 5
Date last reviewed: 2009-08-01

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Emperor GooseAnser canagicusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow GooseAnser caerulescensRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
GarganeySpatula querquedulaRare/Accidental
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americana
Laysan DuckAnas laysanensisEndemic Critically endangered
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas creccaRare/Accidental
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilisNear-threatened
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripesNear-threatened
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrusRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglecta
Trindade PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Herald PetrelPterodroma heraldicaRare/Accidental
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultimaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensisVulnerable
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleuca
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennisRare/Accidental
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiVulnerable
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleriVulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Newell's ShearwaterPuffinus newelli
Bryan's ShearwaterPuffinus bryaniCritically endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental
Tristram's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma tristramiNear-threatened

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata arielRare/Accidental
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Nazca BoobySula grantiRare/Accidental
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Gray HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Northern HarrierCircus hudsoniusRare/Accidental
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensisRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea-EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Laysan RailZapornia palmeriEndemic (country/region) Extinct
Hawaiian CootFulica alaiRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental
Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisVulnerable
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental Endangered
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisNear-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenuraRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Parakeet AukletAethia psittaculaRare/Accidental
Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerataRare/Accidental
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculataRare/Accidental
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Blue-gray NoddyAnous ceruleus
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Gray-backed TernOnychoprion lunatus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Least TernSternula antillarumRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaRare/Accidental
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraIntroduced species

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaIntroduced species

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Pacific SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

MillerbirdAcrocephalus familiarisEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Japanese White-eyeZosterops japonicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Laysan FinchTelespiza cantansEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Nihoa FinchTelespiza ultimaEndemic Critically endangered
Laysan HoneycreeperHimatione fraithiiEndemic Extinct
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusRare/Accidental
Island CanarySerinus canariaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

African SilverbillEuodice cantansIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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