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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
South Dakota

This checklist includes all bird species found in South Dakota , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard & Moore 3rd edition (corrigenda 8). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: South Dakota
Number of species: 433
Number of globally threatened species: 7
Number of introduced species: 6
Date last reviewed: 2010-09-05
See also: http://www.homepages.dsu.edu/palmerj/SDOU/checklist.htm

 
Odontophoridae

Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusNear-threatened

 
Phasianidae

Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavo
Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
Greater Sage GrouseCentrocercus urophasianusNear-threatened
Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellus
Greater Prairie ChickenTympanuchus cupidoVulnerable
Grey PartridgePerdix perdixIntroduced species
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species

 
Anatidae

Black-bellied Whistling DuckDendrocygna autumnalisRare/Accidental
Fulvous Whistling DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Ross's GooseAnser rossii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Brent Goose/BrantBranta bernicla
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Wood DuckAix sponsa
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americana
American Black DuckAnas rubripes
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Mottled DuckAnas fulvigulaRare/Accidental
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanoptera
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaRare/Accidental
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta nigraRare/Accidental
Long-tailed Duck/OldsquawClangula hyemalisVulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandicaRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
Gaviidae

Red-throated Diver or LoonGavia stellataRare/Accidental
Pacific Loon or DiverGavia pacificaRare/Accidental
Common Loon/Great Northern DiverGavia immer
White-billed Diver/Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Slavonian or Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Black-necked or Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis
Clark's GrebeAechmophorus clarkii

 
Ciconiidae

Wood StorkMycteria americanaRare/Accidental

 
Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albusRare/Accidental
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
White-faced IbisPlegadis chihi

 
Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night HeronNyctanassa violaceaRare/Accidental
Green HeronButorides virescens
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Tricolored or Louisiana HeronEgretta tricolor
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Snowy EgretEgretta thula

 
Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensRare/Accidental

 
Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisRare/Accidental

 
Phalacrocoracidae

Neotropical CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianusRare/Accidental
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus

 
Cathartidae

Turkey-VultureCathartes aura
Black VultureCoragyps atratusRare/Accidental

 
Falconidae

Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayRare/Accidental
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
Accipitridae

OspreyPandion haliaetus
Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusRare/Accidental
White-tailed KiteElanus leucurusRare/Accidental
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensisRare/Accidental
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Northern Harrier/Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatusRare/Accidental
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Ferruginous HawkButeo regalis
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos

 
Rallidae

Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensisRare/Accidental
Black RailLaterallus jamaicensisRare/Accidental
King RailRallus elegansRare/Accidental
Virginia RailRallus limicola
Sora RailPorzana carolina
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropusRare/Accidental
American CootFulica americana

 
Gruidae

Sandhill CraneGrus canadensis
Whooping CraneGrus americanaEndangered

 
Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americana

 
Charadriidae

American Golden PloverPluvialis dominica
Grey Plover/Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusNear-threatened
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinusRare/Accidental
Mountain PloverCharadrius montanusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
Scolopacidae

American WoodcockScolopax minor
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
WilletCatoptrophorus semipalmatus
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritimaRare/Accidental
DunlinCalidris alpina
Stilt-SandpiperCalidris himantopus
Buff-breasted SandpiperTryngites subruficollisNear-threatened
RuffPhilomachus pugnaxRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey Phalarope/Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
Laridae

Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Californian GullLarus californicus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Thayer's GullLarus thayeri
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullLarus philadelphia
Laughing GullLarus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLarus pipixcan
Little GullLarus minutusRare/Accidental
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ross's GullRhodostethia roseaRare/Accidental
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Caspian TernSterna caspia
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteri
Least TernSterna antillarum
Black TernChlidonias niger

 
Stercorariidae

Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic Jaeger/Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
Alcidae

Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquusRare/Accidental

 
Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
Band-tailed PigeonColumba fasciataRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Inca DoveColumbina incaRare/Accidental
Common Ground DoveColumbina passerinaRare/Accidental

 
Cuculidae

Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus
Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisRare/Accidental

 
Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
Strigidae

Flammulated OwlOtus flammeolusRare/Accidental
Eastern Screech OwlOtus asio
Snowy OwlNyctea scandiaca
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Barred OwlStrix varia
Great Grey OwlStrix nebulosaRare/Accidental
Northern Hawk-OwlSurnia ululaRare/Accidental
Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Tengmalm's Owl/Boreal OwlAegolius funereusRare/Accidental
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Common PoorwillPhalaenoptilus nuttallii
Chuck-will's WidowCaprimulgus carolinensisRare/Accidental
Whip-poor-willCaprimulgus vociferus

 
Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaNear-threatened
White-throated SwiftAeronautes saxatalis

 
Trochilidae

Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgensRare/Accidental
Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris
Anna's HummingbirdCalypte annaRare/Accidental
Costa's HummingbirdCalypte costaeRare/Accidental
Broad-tailed HummingbirdSelasphorus platycercus
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufus
Calliope HummingbirdStellula calliope

 
Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
Picidae

Lewis's WoodpeckerMelanerpes lewis
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalusNear-threatened
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinus
Williamson's SapsuckerSphyrapicus thyroideusRare/Accidental
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Red-naped SapsuckerSphyrapicus nuchalis
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus
Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides tridactylus
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus

 
Tyrannidae

Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Western Wood PeweeContopus sordidulus
Eastern Wood PeweeContopus virens
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensRare/Accidental
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondiiRare/Accidental
Dusky FlycatcherEmpidonax oberholseri
Cordilleran FlycatcherEmpidonax occidentalis
Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinusRare/Accidental
Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusRare/Accidental
Cassin's KingbirdTyrannus vociferansRare/Accidental
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus

 
Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianus
Great Grey Shrike/Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor

 
Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Bell's VireoVireo belliiNear-threatened
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons
Plumbeous VireoVireo plumbeus
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
Corvidae

Gray JayPerisoreus canadensis
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata
Steller's JayCyanocitta stelleriRare/Accidental
Pinyon JayGymnorhinus cyanocephalusVulnerable
Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
Clark's NutcrackerNucifraga columbiana
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeeParus atricapillus
Mountain ChickadeeParus gambeliRare/Accidental
Boreal ChickadeeParus hudsonicusRare/Accidental
Tufted TitmouseParus bicolorRare/Accidental

 
Hirundinidae

Collared Sand Martin/Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Purple MartinProgne subis
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota

 
Alaudidae

Horned Lark/ShorelarkEremophila alpestris

 
Regulidae

Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula

 
Troglodytidae

Rock WrenSalpinctes obsoletus
Canyon WrenCatherpes mexicanus
Sedge WrenCistothorus platensis
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickiiRare/Accidental
Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianus
Winter WrenTroglodytes troglodytes
House WrenTroglodytes aedon

 
Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea

 
Sittidae

Pygmy NuthatchSitta pygmaea
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
Certhiidae

Brown Creeper/American TreecreeperCerthia americana

 
Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanus
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufum
Curve-billed ThrasherToxostoma curvirostre

 
Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
Turdidae

Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius
Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Western BluebirdSialia mexicanaRare/Accidental
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Orange-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus aurantiirostrisRare/Accidental
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaNear-threatened
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 
Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental

 
Cinclidae

American DipperCinclus mexicanus

 
Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanusRare/Accidental

 
Motacillidae

Buff-bellied PipitAnthus rubescens
Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueiiVulnerable

 
Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Pine SiskinCarduelis pinus
American GoldfinchCarduelis tristis
Lesser GoldfinchCarduelis psaltriaRare/Accidental
Common RedpollCarduelis flammea
Hoary RedpollCarduelis hornemanni
Gray-crowned Rosy FinchLeucosticte tephrocotis
Purple FinchCarpodacus purpureus
Cassin's FinchCarpodacus cassiniiNear-threatened
House FinchCarpodacus mexicanus
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertina

 
Parulidae

Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraNear-threatened
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora pinus
Tennessee WarblerVermivora peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerVermivora celata
Nashville WarblerVermivora ruficapilla
Virginia's WarblerVermivora virginiae
Northern ParulaParula americana
Chestnut-sided WarblerDendroica pensylvanica
Yellow WarblerDendroica petechia
Blackpoll WarblerDendroica striata
Bay-breasted WarblerDendroica castanea
Blackburnian WarblerDendroica fusca
Magnolia WarblerDendroica magnolia
Cerulean WarblerDendroica ceruleaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Cape May WarblerDendroica tigrina
Black-throated Blue WarblerDendroica caerulescens
Yellow-rumped WarblerDendroica coronata
Black-throated Gray WarblerDendroica nigrescensRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerDendroica virens
Townsend's WarblerDendroica townsendiRare/Accidental
Hermit WarblerDendroica occidentalisRare/Accidental
Yellow-throated WarblerDendroica dominicaRare/Accidental
Prairie WarblerDendroica discolorRare/Accidental
Pine WarblerDendroica pinus
Palm WarblerDendroica palmarum
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorumRare/Accidental
OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Northern WaterthrushSeiurus noveboracensis
Louisiana WaterthrushSeiurus motacillaRare/Accidental
Kentucky WarblerOporornis formosusRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilis
Mourning WarblerOporornis philadelphia
MacGillivray's WarblerOporornis tolmiei
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerWilsonia citrinaRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerWilsonia pusilla
Canada WarblerWilsonia canadensis
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens

 
Icteridae

Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockii
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusVulnerable
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus

 
Emberizidae

McCown's LongspurCalcarius mccowniiRare/Accidental
Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Smith's LongspurCalcarius pictus
Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatusNear-threatened
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis
Lark-BuntingCalamospiza melanocorys
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querula
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapillaRare/Accidental
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Nelson's Sharp-tailed SparrowAmmodramus nelsoni
Le Conte's SparrowAmmodramus leconteii
Baird's SparrowAmmodramus bairdii
Henslow's SparrowAmmodramus henslowiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
American Tree SparrowSpizella arborea
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Field SparrowSpizella pusilla
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Brewer's SparrowSpizella breweri
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Lark-SparrowChondestes grammacus
Black-throated SparrowAmphispiza bilineataRare/Accidental
Sage SparrowAmphispiza belliRare/Accidental
Cassin's SparrowAimophila cassiniiRare/Accidental
Green-tailed TowheePipilo chlorurusRare/Accidental
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatus
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmus

 
Genera Incertae Sedis

Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana

 
Cardinalidae

DickcisselSpiza americana
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoena
Painted BuntingPasserina cirisRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 

References (partial list)

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