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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Virgin Islands

This checklist includes all bird species found in Virgin Islands , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Virgin Islands
Number of species: 271
Number of globally threatened species: 5
Number of introduced species: 12
Date last reviewed: 2005-05-01

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisRare/Accidental
West Indian Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arboreaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Snow GooseChen caerulescensRare/Accidental
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americanaRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeataRare/Accidental
White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis
Northern PintailAnas acutaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species
Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusIntroduced species Near-threatened
Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatus

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicusRare/Accidental
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsRare/Accidental

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

American FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruberRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitata
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravisRare/Accidental
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieri

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatraRare/Accidental
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianusRare/Accidental
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchosRare/Accidental
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Least BitternIxobrychus exilisRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescensRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Green HeronButorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albus
Scarlet IbisEudocimus ruberIntroduced species (non established)
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes auraRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusRare/Accidental
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatusRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusRare/Accidental
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Clapper RailRallus longirostris
SoraPorzana carolinaRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental
Caribbean CootFulica caribaeaRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosusRare/Accidental
Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmataRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusRare/Accidental
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris albaRare/Accidental
DunlinCalidris alpinaRare/Accidental
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skuaRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Least TernSternula antillarumRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental
Royal TernThalasseus maximus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental
Black SkimmerRynchops nigerRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Scaly-naped PigeonPatagioenas squamosa
White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephalaNear-threatened
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Zenaida DoveZenaida aurita
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraRare/Accidental
Common Ground-DoveColumbina passerina
Bridled Quail-DoveGeotrygon mystaceaRare/Accidental
Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minor
Puerto Rican Lizard-CuckooCoccyzus vieillotiRare/Accidental
Greater AniCrotophaga majorRare/Accidental
Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Puerto Rican Screech-OwlMegascops nudipes
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental
Antillean NighthawkChordeiles gundlachii
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Black SwiftCypseloides nigerRare/Accidental
Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyura

 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae

Antillean MangoAnthracothorax dominicusRare/Accidental
Purple-throated CaribEulampis jugularisRare/Accidental
Green-throated CaribEulampis holosericeus
Antillean Crested HummingbirdOrthorhyncus cristatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Puerto Rican WoodpeckerMelanerpes portoricensisExtirpated
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus variusRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusRare/Accidental

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Monk ParakeetMyiopsitta monachusRare/Accidental
Brown-throated ParakeetAratinga pertinaxIntroduced species
Hispaniolan ParrotAmazona ventralisIntroduced species Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Caribbean ElaeniaElaenia martinica
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virensRare/Accidental
Stolid FlycatcherMyiarchus stolidusRare/Accidental
Puerto Rican FlycatcherMyiarchus antillarumRare/Accidental
Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsRare/Accidental
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusRare/Accidental
Black-whiskered VireoVireo altiloquus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisRare/Accidental
Purple MartinProgne subisRare/Accidental
Caribbean MartinProgne dominicensis
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorRare/Accidental
Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulvaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialisRare/Accidental
VeeryCatharus fuscescensRare/Accidental
Bicknell's ThrushCatharus bicknelliRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Red-legged ThrushTurdus plumbeusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Pearly-eyed ThrasherMargarops fuscatus
Brown TremblerCinclocerthia ruficaudaRare/Accidental
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillaRare/Accidental
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorumRare/Accidental
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacillaRare/Accidental
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsoniiRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrinaRare/Accidental
Orange-crowned WarblerOreothlypis celataRare/Accidental
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapillaRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichasRare/Accidental
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaRare/Accidental
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrinaRare/Accidental
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaVulnerable
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaRare/Accidental
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaRare/Accidental
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaRare/Accidental
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaRare/Accidental
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataRare/Accidental
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescensRare/Accidental
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumRare/Accidental
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronataRare/Accidental
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaRare/Accidental
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolor
Adelaide's WarblerSetophaga adelaidaeRare/Accidental
Golden-cheeked WarblerSetophaga chrysopariaRare/Accidental Endangered
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

BananaquitCoereba flaveola
Black-faced GrassquitTiaris bicolor
Lesser Antillean BullfinchLoxigilla noctis
Puerto Rican SpindalisSpindalis portoricensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaRare/Accidental
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusRare/Accidental
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaRare/Accidental
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Greater Antillean GrackleQuiscalus nigerRare/Accidental
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisRare/Accidental
Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusRare/Accidental
Venezuelan TroupialIcterus icterusRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Orange BishopEuplectes franciscanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesRare/Accidental
Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullatusRare/Accidental
Indian SilverbillEuodice malabaricaRare/Accidental
Nutmeg MannikinLonchura punctulataRare/Accidental
Tricolored MuniaLonchura malaccaIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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