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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Windward Islands

This checklist includes all bird species found in Windward Islands , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Windward Islands
Description: Includes Martinique, St. Lucia, Barbados, St. Vincent & Grenadines and Grenada (but does not include the Netherland Antilles or Trinidad and Tobago)
Number of species: 343
Number of endemics: 12
Number of globally threatened species: 12
Number of introduced species: 22

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduataRare/Accidental
Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis
West Indian Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arboreaVulnerable
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Snow GooseChen caerulescens
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Orinoco GooseNeochen jubataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Common ShelduckTadorna tadornaRare/Accidental
Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
Wood DuckAix sponsaIntroduced species
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanoptera
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensisRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicus
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Cracidae

Rufous-vented ChachalacaOrtalis ruficauda

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusExtirpated Near-threatened
Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatus

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicusRare/Accidental
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

American FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaRare/Accidental
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinusRare/Accidental
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieri

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

JabiruJabiru mycteriaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

AnhingaAnhinga anhinga

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Little BitternIxobrychus minutusRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Gray HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzettaRare/Accidental
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Green HeronButorides virescens
Striated HeronButorides striataRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albus
Scarlet IbisEudocimus ruberRare/Accidental
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajaja

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Black VultureCoragyps atratus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinus
White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Mangrove RailRallus longirostrisRare/Accidental
Clapper RailRallus crepitansRare/Accidental
SoraPorzana carolina
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicus
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana
Caribbean CootFulica caribaea

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Double-striped Thick-kneeBurhinus bistriatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americana

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusRare/Accidental
Southern LapwingVanellus chilensis
Collared PloverCharadrius collaris
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosusNear-threatened
Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisCritically endangered (possibly extinct)
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusRare/Accidental
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpinaRare/Accidental
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisNear-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skuaRare/Accidental
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alleRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Kelp GullLarus dominicanusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Least TernSternula antillarum
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental
Royal TernThalasseus maximus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Black SkimmerRynchops niger

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Scaly-naped PigeonPatagioenas squamosa
White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephalaNear-threatened
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Common Ground-DoveColumbina passerina
Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
Bridled Quail-DoveGeotrygon mystacea
Grenada DoveLeptotila wellsiEndemic Critically endangered
White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica
Zenaida DoveZenaida aurita
Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Dark-billed CuckooCoccyzus melacoryphusRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus
Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minor
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusRare/Accidental
Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Antillean NighthawkChordeiles gundlachiiRare/Accidental
Rufous NightjarAntrostomus rufus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Black SwiftCypseloides niger
White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaNear-threatened
Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyura
Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris
Lesser Antillean SwiftChaetura martinica
Alpine SwiftApus melba

 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae

White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivora
Rufous-breasted HermitGlaucis hirsutus
Ruby-topaz HummingbirdChrysolampis mosquitus
Purple-throated CaribEulampis jugularis
Green-throated CaribEulampis holosericeus
Blue-headed HummingbirdCyanophaia bicolorEndemic (country/region)
Antillean Crested HummingbirdOrthorhyncus cristatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

European Bee-eaterMerops apiasterRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculusRare/Accidental
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species
BudgerigarMelopsittacus undulatusIntroduced species

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Gray ParrotPsittacus erithacusIntroduced species
St. Lucia ParrotAmazona versicolorEndemic Vulnerable
Yellow-crowned ParrotAmazona ochrocephalaIntroduced species
St. Vincent ParrotAmazona guildingiiEndemic Vulnerable
Green-rumped ParrotletForpus passerinusIntroduced species
Brown-throated ParakeetEupsittula pertinaxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Caribbean ElaeniaElaenia martinica
Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
Euler's FlycatcherLathrotriccus euleri
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens
Lesser Antillean PeweeContopus latirostris
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescens
Grenada FlycatcherMyiarchus nugatorEndemic
Lesser Antillean FlycatcherMyiarchus oberi
Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus
Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridis
Black-whiskered VireoVireo altiloquus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisRare/Accidental
Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisRare/Accidental
Caribbean MartinProgne dominicensis
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorRare/Accidental
White-winged SwallowTachycineta albiventerRare/Accidental
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulva
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

House WrenTroglodytes aedon

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Rufous-throated SolitaireMyadestes genibarbis
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusRare/Accidental
Cocoa ThrushTurdus fumigatus
Spectacled ThrushTurdus nudigenis
Red-legged ThrushTurdus plumbeusRare/Accidental
Forest ThrushTurdus lherminieriEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

White-breasted ThrasherRamphocinclus brachyurusEndangered
Scaly-breasted ThrasherAllenia fusca
Pearly-eyed ThrasherMargarops fuscatus
Brown TremblerCinclocerthia ruficaudaEndemic (country/region)
Gray TremblerCinclocerthia gutturalisEndemic
Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvus
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

White WagtailMotacilla albaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorum
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citrea
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrina
Semper's WarblerLeucopeza semperiEndemic Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaRare/Accidental
Whistling WarblerCatharopeza bishopiEndemic Endangered
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrina
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaVulnerable
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumRare/Accidental
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinusRare/Accidental
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronataRare/Accidental
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaRare/Accidental
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolor
St. Lucia WarblerSetophaga delicataEndemic
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Lesser Antillean TanagerTangara cucullata
Grassland Yellow-FinchSicalis luteola
Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
Chestnut-bellied Seed-FinchSporophila angolensisIntroduced species
Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis
BananaquitCoereba flaveola
Black-faced GrassquitTiaris bicolor
Lesser Antillean BullfinchLoxigilla noctis
Barbados BullfinchLoxigilla barbadensisEndemic
St. Lucia Black FinchMelanospiza richardsoniEndemic Endangered
Lesser Antillean SaltatorSaltator albicollis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Summer TanagerPiranga rubra
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisIntroduced species
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaRare/Accidental
DickcisselSpiza americanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Carib GrackleQuiscalus lugubris
Yellow-hooded BlackbirdChrysomus icterocephalusRare/Accidental
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis
Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorusRare/Accidental
St. Lucia OrioleIcterus laudabilisEndemic Near-threatened
Martinique OrioleIcterus bonanaEndemic Vulnerable
Venezuelan TroupialIcterus icterusRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Antillean EuphoniaEuphonia musica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Village WeaverPloceus cucullatusIntroduced species
Northern Red BishopEuplectes franciscanusIntroduced species
Yellow-crowned BishopEuplectes aferRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Orange-cheeked WaxbillEstrilda melpodaIntroduced species
Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesIntroduced species
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildRare/Accidental
Red-cheeked CordonbleuUraeginthus bengalusIntroduced species
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species
Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullataRare/Accidental
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataRare/Accidental
Tricolored MuniaLonchura malaccaIntroduced species
Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapillaIntroduced species
White-headed MuniaLonchura majaIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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