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Socotra

This checklist includes all bird species found in Socotra , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Socotra
Description: Includes Abd al Kuri, Samhah, and Darsa
Number of species: 218
Number of endemics: 9
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 9
Number of introduced species: 2
Date last reviewed: 2012-02-12
See also: http://www.friendsofsoqotra.org/docs/rporter/2009_birdlist.doc

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Cotton Pygmy-GooseNettapus coromandelianusRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Common PochardAythya ferinaRare/Accidental
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common QuailCoturnix coturnix

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxBreeding endemic Near-threatened
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni
Persian ShearwaterPuffinus persicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallaria
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropica

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

White StorkCiconia ciconiaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minorRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Socotra CormorantPhalacrocorax nigrogularisVulnerable
Long-tailed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensisRare/Accidental
Little BitternIxobrychus minutusRare/Accidental
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermediaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Indian Pond-HeronArdeola grayiiRare/Accidental
Madagascar Pond-HeronArdeola idaeRare/Accidental Endangered
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicusRare/Accidental
African SpoonbillPlatalea albaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosusRare/Accidental
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Socotra BuzzardButeo socotraensisEndemic Vulnerable

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Houbara BustardChlamydotis undulataRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
Water RailRallus aquaticusRare/Accidental
Little CrakePorzana parvaRare/Accidental
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atraRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticusRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed JacanaHydrophasianus chirurgusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenura
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab PloverDromas ardeolaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus geneiRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
White-eyed GullIchthyaetus leucophthalmusNear-threatened
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichii
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Caspian GullLarus cachinnansRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Saunders's TernSternula saundersi
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Lichtenstein's SandgrousePterocles lichtensteinii

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensisRare/Accidental
Bruce's Green-PigeonTreron waalia

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Pied CuckooClamator jacobinusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceusRare/Accidental
White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Socotra Scops-OwlOtus socotranusEndemic
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Nubian NightjarCaprimulgus nubicus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Himalayan SwiftletAerodramus brevirostrisRare/Accidental
Alpine SwiftApus melbaRare/Accidental
Forbes-Watson's SwiftApus berliozi
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened
Abyssinian RollerCoracias abyssinicusRare/Accidental
Indian RollerCoracias benghalensisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Amur FalconFalco amurensisRare/Accidental
Sooty FalconFalco concolorNear-threatened
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteoRare/Accidental
Saker FalconFalco cherrugRare/Accidental Endangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoidesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioRare/Accidental
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

House CrowCorvus splendensIntroduced species
Pied CrowCorvus albusRare/Accidental
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigriceps
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusRare/Accidental
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybitaRare/Accidental
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Socotra CisticolaCisticola haesitatusEndemic Near-threatened
Socotra WarblerIncana incanaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Desert WhitethroatSylvia minulaRare/Accidental
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Margelanic WhitethroatSylvia margelanicaRare/Accidental
Menetries's WarblerSylvia mystacea
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

White-breasted White-eyeZosterops abyssinicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striataRare/Accidental
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosRare/Accidental
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilisRare/Accidental
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurusRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental
Somali StarlingOnychognathus blythii
Socotra StarlingOnychognathus fraterEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Socotra SunbirdChalcomitra balfouriEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulanaRare/Accidental
Cinnamon-breasted BuntingEmberiza tahapisi
Socotra BuntingEmberiza socotranaEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Golden-winged GrosbeakRhynchostruthus socotranus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Abd' Al Kuri SparrowPasser hemileucusEndemic Vulnerable
Socotra SparrowPasser insularisEndemic

 

References (partial list)

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