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Little Tern (Sternula albifrons) (Pallas, 1764)
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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae

Scientific:
  Sternula albifrons
Citation:
  (Pallas, 1764)

Protonym:
  Sterna albifrons

Avibase ID:
  17310BF0FE9BAC8A

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176899

Geographic range:

  • Sternula albifrons albifrons: Europe to w Asia and w Indian Ocean; winters Africa to India
  • Sternula albifrons [sinensis or placens]: SE Russia to Japan, SE Asia, Philippines and New Guinea
  • Sternula albifrons sinensis (pusilla): NE India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and islands off Sumatra and Java
  • Sternula albifrons placens: E Australia and e Tasmania
  • Sternula albifrons guineae: Ghana to Gabon
  • Sternula albifrons innominata: Islands in Persian Gulf
  • Show more...
Source: Clements checklist 2012

English:
  Little Tern
Czech:
  rybák malý
German:
  Zwergseeschwalbe
Danish:
  Dværgterne
Spanish:
  Charrancito Común
Finnish:
  pikkutiira
French:
  Sterne naine
Icelandic:
  Dvergþerna
Italian:
  Fraticello
Japanese:
  koajisashi
Japanese:
  コアジサシ
Dutch:
  Dwergstern
Norwegian:
  Dvergterne
Polish:
  rybitwa białoczelna
Portuguese:
  Andorinha-do-mar-anã
Portuguese (Brazil):
  Trinta-reis-boreal
Russian:
  Малая крачка
Slovak:
  rybár malý
Swedish:
  Småtärna
Chinese:
  白额燕鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Avibase taxonomic concepts:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (May 2014):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Sterne naine ( Sterna albifrons)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Sterne naine ( Sterna albifrons)
Clements 4th edition:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Clements 6th edition:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
eBird version 1.50:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
eBird version 1.52:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
eBird version 1.53:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
eBird version 1.54:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
eBird version 1.55:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.01:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.02:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.03:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.04:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.05:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.01:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.02:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.03:
   Little Tern ( Sternula albifrons)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Oriental Bird Club:
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Little Tern ( Sterna albifrons)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Sternula albifrons

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes considered a nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Sternula [albifrons or antillarum] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Afrikaans: Kleinseeswael , Kleinsterretjie
Arabic: الخرشنة الغبراء الصغيرة, الخرشنة الغبراء الصغيرة الجنة
Asturian: Garrochín Nanu
Azerbaijani: Kiçik sterna
Belarusian: Малая крычка
Bulgarian: Белочела рибарка, Малка рибарка
Breton: Ar skravig c'hwiton
Catalan: Llambritja menuda, Xatrac d'albufera, Xatrac menut
Catalan (Balears): Llambritja menuda
Valencian: Xatrac d'albufera
Czech: Rybák malý
Welsh: Morwennol fechan, Morwennol lleiaf
Danish: Dværgterne
German: Zwergseeschwalbe
Greek: (Ευρωπαϊκό) Νανογλάρονο, Γλαρόνι, Νανογλάρονο
Greek (Cypriot): Γλαρόνι
English: Least Tern, Little Tern
Esperanto: malgranda ^sterno, Malgranda ŝterno
Spanish: Charrancito, Charrancito Común, Gaviota golondrina común, Gaviotín Chico, Gaviotín golondrina, Golondrina-marina Comun
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviotín golondrina
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Gaviota Chiquita
Spanish (Honduras): Gaviota golondrina común
Spanish (Mexico): Golondrina-marina Comun
Estonian: Väiketiir
Basque: Txenada txikia, Xatrac menut
Persian: پرستوك دريايی
Finnish: Pikkutiira
Faroese: Fruntaterna
French: Sterne naine
Irish: Geabhróg Bheag
Guadeloupean Creole French: Petite mauve
Gaelic: Steàirdean, Steàrnag Bheag
Galician: Carrán pequeno, Xatrac menut
Manx: Gant Beg
Haitian Creole French: Ti Mòv piti
Hebrew: שחפית גמדית
Croatian: Mala Cigra, Mala Čigra
Hungarian: Kis csér
Armenian: [Pokr Jratsitsar ], Փոքր Ջրածիծառ
Indonesian: Dara laut kecil, Daralaut Kecil, Dara-laut kecil
Icelandic: Dvergþerna
Italian: Fraticello
Japanese: koajisashi, Ko-ajisashi
Japanese: コアジサシ
Kazakh: Кіші қарқылдақ
Korean: 쇠제비갈매기
Cornish: Morwennol lyha
Latin: Sterna albifrons, Sternula albifrons
Lithuanian: Mažoji žuvėdra
Latvian: Mazais zīriņš
Macedonian: Мала вртимушка, Мала чигра
Mongolian: Хурган хараалай
Malay: Camar Kecil
Maltese: Ċirlewwa Żgħira
Dutch: Dwergstern
Norwegian: Dvergterne
Polish: rybitwa bialoczelna, Rybitwa białoczelna, Rybitwa czarnogrzbieta
Portuguese: andorinha do mar anã, Andorinha-do-mar-anã, Chilreta, Gaivina-pequena, Trinta-reis, Trinta-reis-boreal
Portuguese (Brazil): Trinta-reis, Trinta-reis-boreal
Romansh: Pestgarel pitschen
Russian: Malaya Krachka, Крачка малая, Малая крачка
Scots: Stearnag bheag
Slovak: Rybár bieločelý, Rybár malý
Slovenian: mala cigra, mala čigra
Albanian: Dallëndyshe deti ballëbardhë
Serbian: mala cigra, mala čigra, Мала чигра
Swedish: Småtärna
Swahili: Shakwe Mdogo
Thai: นกนางนวลแกลบเล็ก
Turkish: Beyaz-alınlı Deniz-kırlangıcı, Küçük sumru
Tuvinian: Бичии cуг хараачыгайы
Ukrainian: Крячок малий , Малий крячок
Vietnamese: Nhàn nhỏ
Chinese: [bai-e yan-ou], [xiao yan-ou], 小燕鷗 , 白額燕鷗, 白额燕鸥
Chinese (Taiwan): [xiao yan-ou], 小燕鷗

 

         

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