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Gray-backed Tern
Onychoprion lunatus (Peale, 1848)
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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Onychoprion

Scientific:
  Onychoprion lunatus

Citation:
  (Peale, 1848)

Reference:
  U.S.Expl.Exped. 8 p.227

Protonym:
  Sterna lunata

Avibase ID:
  1A965D60F3D76D19

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 824106

Geographic range:

  • Onychoprion lunatus: Islands in tropical Pacific Ocean
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Grey-backed Tern
Czech:
  rybák tichomořský
German:
  Brillenseeschwalbe
Danish:
  Polynesisk Terne
Spanish:
  Charrán Lunado
Finnish:
  oseaniantiira
French:
  Sterne à dos gris
Icelandic:
  Gray-backed Tern
Italian:
  Sterna dorsogrigio
Japanese:
  nan'youmamijiroajisashi
Japanese:
  ナンヨウマミジロアジサシ
Dutch:
  Fijistern
Norwegian:
  Polynesiaterne
Polish:
  rybitwa pacyficzna
Portuguese:
  Trinta-réis-de-dorso-cinzento
Portuguese (Brazil):
  Gray-backed Tern
Russian:
  Очковая крачка
Slovak:
  rybár sivochrbtý
Swedish:
  söderhavstärna
Chinese:
  灰背燕鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Sterne à dos gris ( Sterna lunata)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Sterne à dos gris ( Sterna lunata)
Clements 1st edition:
   Spectacled Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Clements 3rd edition:
   Spectacled Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Clements 4th edition:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Clements 6th edition:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Clements, version 2015:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Clements, version 2016:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
eBird version 1.50:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
eBird version 1.52:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
eBird version 1.53:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
eBird version 1.54:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
eBird version 1.55:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
eBird version 2015:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
eBird version 2016:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Spectacled Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Spectacled Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (3/07/2017):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Spectacled Tern ( Sterna lunata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Spectacled Tern ( Sterna lunata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Spectacled Tern ( Sterna lunata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Spectacled Tern ( Sterna lunata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.01:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.02:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.03:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.04:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.05:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.01:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.02:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.03:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.04:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.01:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.02:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.03:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.04:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.01:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.02:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.03:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.04:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.01:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.02:
   Spectacled Tern ( Onychoprion lunatus)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Gray-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Oriental Bird Club:
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
James Lee Peters:
    Sterna lunata
James Lee Peters (original):
    Sterna lunata
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Sterna lunata
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Grey-backed Tern ( Sterna lunata)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Onychoprion lunatus
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Onychoprion lunatus

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other synonyms

Catalan: Xatrac de Peale
Czech: rybák tichomořký, Rybák tichomorský, rybák tichomořský
Danish: Polynesisk Terne
German: Brillenseeschwalbe, Brillen-Seeschwalbe
English: Gray-backed Tern, Gray-bodied Tern, Grey-backed Tern, Grey-bodied Tern, Spectacled Tern
Spanish: Charrán Lunado, Gaviotín Espectacular, Gaviotín pascuence, Gaviotín pascuense, Golondrina-marina Dorsogris
Spanish (Chile): Gaviotín pascuence, Gaviotín pascuense
Spanish (Mexico): Golondrina-marina Dorsogris
Estonian: valjastiir
Finnish: Oseaniantiira
French: Sterne à dos gris
Hawaiian: Pakalakala, Pākalakala
Hungarian: szürkehátú csér
Indonesian: Daralaut Fiji, Dara-laut fiji
Italian: Sterna dagli occhiali, Sterna dorsogrigio
Japanese: nan'yō mami-jiro aji-sashi, Nanyo-mamijiro-ajisashi, nanyoumamijiroajisashi, nan'youmamijiroajisashi
Japanese: ナンヨウマミジロアジサシ
Japanese (Kanji): 南洋眉白鯵刺
Latin: Onychoprion lunatus, Sterna lunata, Sterna lunatus
Lithuanian: Pilkanugarė žuvėdra
Latvian: Polinēzijas zīriņš
Dutch: Fijistern, Fiji-stern
Norwegian: Polynesiaterne
Palauan: Kerkirs
Polish: rybitwa pacyficzna
Pinyin: huī-bèi yàn-ōu
Portuguese: Trinta-réis-de-dorso-cinzento
Russian: Очковая крачка
Slovak: rybár sivochrbtý
Swedish: Söderhavstärna
Tahitian: oreore
Chinese: 灰背燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 灰背燕鷗

 

         

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