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Common Scoter
Melanitta nigra (Linnaeus, 1758)
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Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
  Melanitta

Scientific:
  Melanitta nigra

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.123

Protonym:
  Anas nigra

Avibase ID:
  246981996A4998ED

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175171

Geographic range:

  • Melanitta nigra: N Eurasia; winters w Europe to Mediterranean and Caspian Sea
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Common Scoter
Czech:
  turpan černý
German:
  Trauerente
Danish:
  Sortand
Spanish:
  Negrón común
Finnish:
  mustalintu
French:
  Macreuse noire
Icelandic:
  Hrafnsönd
Italian:
  Orchetto marino
Japanese:
  yo-roppakurogamo
Japanese:
  ヨーロッパクロガモ
Dutch:
  Zwarte Zee-eend
Norwegian:
  Svartand
Polish:
  markaczka
Portuguese:
  Pato-preto
Portuguese (Brazil):
  Common Scoter
Russian:
  Синьга
Slovak:
  turpan čierny
Swedish:
  sjöorre
Chinese:
  黑海番鸭


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
    Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Macreuse noire ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Macreuse noire ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Black Scoter (Eurasian) ( Melanitta nigra nigra)
eBird version 1.52:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (3/07/2017):
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
   Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
    Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Melanitta nigra [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Melanitta [nigra or americana] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Asturian: Coríu Moru, Coríu Prietu
Azerbaijani: Qara qılquyruq, Sinqə
Belarusian: Нырок-сіньга
Bulgarian: Траурна потапница
Breton: An duanenn boutin
Catalan: Ànec negre, Ànec negre comú, Ànnera negra, Morell de mar negre
Catalan (Balears): Ànnera negra
Valencian: Morell de mar negre
Czech: dř. kachna černá, Kachna černá, Turpan cerný, Turpan černý
Welsh: For hwyad ddu, Hwyaden ddu, Môr-hwyaden America, Môr-hwyaden ddu
Danish: Sortand
German: Amerikanische Trauerente, Pazifische Trauerente, Trauerente
Greek: (Ευρωπαϊκή) Μαυρόπαπια, Μαυρόπαπια
Greek (Cypriot): Μαυρόπαπια
English: Black Scoter, Black Scoter (Eurasian), Common Scoter, European Common Scoter
Esperanto: Nigra maranaso
Spanish: Negrón Común
Spanish (Spain): Negrón Común
Spanish (Mexico): negreta negra
Estonian: Mustvaeras
Basque: Ahatebeltz, Ahatebeltz arrunta, Ànec negre
Persian: اسکوتر سیاه , اسکوتر سیاه (اردک سیاه)
Finnish: Mustalintu
Faroese: Kolont
French: Macreuse à bec jaune, Macreuse noire
Irish: Scótar, scótar dubh
Gaelic: Lach Bheag Dhubh, Tunnag Dhubh
Galician: Ànec negre, Pentumeiro
Manx: Thunnag ghob chrottagh
Hebrew: קטיפנית שחורה
Croatian: Crna patka
Hungarian: Fekete réce
Icelandic: Hrafnsönd
Italian: Orchetto marino
Japanese: Kuro-gamo, Kuro-tori, yo-roppakurogamo
Japanese: クロガモ, クロトリ, ヨーロッパクロガモ
Kazakh: Қара тұрпан
Korean: 검둥오리
Cornish: Mor-hos du
Latin: Melanitta nigra, Melanitta nigra nigra, Oidemia nigra nigra
Luxembourgish: Schwaarz Mierint
Lithuanian: Juodoji antis
Latvian: Jūras teteris, Melnā pīle, Melnā tumšpīle
Maltese: Borka Sewda
Dutch: Zwarte Zee-Eend, Zwarte zeeëend, Zwarte Zeeend, Zwarte Zeeüend
Norwegian: Svartand
Polish: markaczka, markaczka (zwyczajna), Markaczka amerykańska, markaczka zwyczajna
Portuguese: Negrola, pato negro, Pato-negro, Pato-preto
Portuguese (Portugal): Negrola-comum
Romansh: anda naira
Romanian: Rață negricioasă
Russian: Синьга, Синьга обыкновенная, Синьга турпан, черный турпан
Scots: Lach bheag dhub
Northern Sami: Njurgu
Slovak: Turpan čierny
Slovenian: crna raca, črna raca
Albanian: Rosa e zezë
Serbian: Crna plovka, crni turpan, turpan, Турпан, Црна пловка
Swedish: Sjöorre
Turkish: Kara ördek
Ukrainian: Синьга
Chinese: [hei hai-fan-ya], 黑海帆鸭, 黑海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 黑海番鴨

 

         

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