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Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) (Linnaeus, 1758)
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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Cardinalidae

Scientific:
  Cardinalis cardinalis
Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Protonym:
  Loxia Cardinalis

Avibase ID:
  4E74AE2276258520

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179124

Geographic range:

  • Cardinalis cardinalis cardinalis: E US
  • Cardinalis cardinalis superbus: Extreme se California to Arizona, sw New Mexico and n Sonora
  • Cardinalis cardinalis seftoni: Central Baja California (south to latitude 27°N)
  • Cardinalis cardinalis igneus: S Baja California (north to latitude 27°N)
  • Cardinalis cardinalis clintoni: Isla Cerralvo (Gulf of California)
  • Cardinalis cardinalis townsendi: Isla Tiburón (Sea of Cortés) and adjacent coastal Sonora
  • Cardinalis cardinalis affinis: W Mexico (se Sonora to sw Chihuahua and w Durango)
  • Cardinalis cardinalis sinaloensis: Coastal w Mexico (Sinaloa and Jalisco)
  • Cardinalis cardinalis mariae: Tres Marías Islands (off w Mexico)
  • Cardinalis cardinalis floridanus: SE Georgia and peninsular Florida
  • Cardinalis cardinalis magnirostris: SE Texas and s Louisiana
  • Cardinalis cardinalis canicaudus: W Oklahoma and w Texas to e-central Mexico
  • Cardinalis cardinalis coccineus: E Mexico (e San Luis Potosí, Veracruz, ne Puebla and n Oaxaca)
  • Cardinalis cardinalis littoralis: Lowlands of e Mexico (s Veracruz and Tabasco)
  • Cardinalis cardinalis yucatanicus: SE Mexico (Yucatán Peninsula)
  • Cardinalis cardinalis flammiger: SE Mexico (s Quintana Roo), Belize and Petén of n Guatemala
  • Cardinalis cardinalis saturatus: Cozumel I. (off Quintana Roo)
  • Cardinalis cardinalis carneus: Coastal w Mexico (Colima to Isthmus of Tehuántepec)
  • Show more...
Source: Clements checklist 2012

English:
  Northern Cardinal
Czech:
  kardinál červený
German:
  Rotkardinal
Danish:
  Rød Kardinal
Spanish:
  Cardenal Norteño
Finnish:
  punakardinaali
French:
  Cardinal rouge
Italian:
  Cardinale rosso
Japanese:
  shoujoukoukanchou
Japanese:
  ショウジョウコウカンチョウ
Dutch:
  Rode Kardinaal
Norwegian:
  Rødkardinal
Polish:
  kardynal szkarlatny
Portuguese:
  Cardeal-roxo
Russian:
  Кардинал
Slovak:
  kardinál červený
Swedish:
  Röd kardinal
Chinese:
  主红雀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Cardinal ( Richmondena cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (May 2014):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Cardinal rouge ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Cardinal rouge ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 1st edition:
   Common Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 3rd edition:
   Common Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 4th edition:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 6th edition:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
eBird version 1.50:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
eBird version 1.52:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
eBird version 1.53:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
eBird version 1.54:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
eBird version 1.55:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Common Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Common Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.01:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.02:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.03:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.04:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.05:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.01:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.02:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.03:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
James Lee Peters:
    Cardinalis cardinalis
James Lee Peters (original):
    Cardinalis cardinalis
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Cardinalis cardinalis
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Northern Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Cardinalis cardinalis

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Czech: Kardinál cervený, kardinál červený
Danish: Rød Kardinal
German: Roter Kardinal, Rotkardinal
English: Arizona Cardinal, Black-capped Thrush, Cardinal, Cardinal grosbeak, Cardinal Redbird, Cardinalbird, Common Cardinal, Crested Redbird, Eastern Cardinal, Florida Cardinal, Gray-tailed Cardinal, Grey-tailed Cardinal, Kentucky Cardinal, Louisiana, Louisiana Cardinal, Northern Cardinal, Red Cardinal, San Lucas Cardinal, Santa Gertrudis Cardinal, Virginia Nightingale, Virginia redbird
Spanish: Cardenal común, Cardenal Norteño, Cardenal Rojo
Spanish (Mexico): Cardenal común, Cardenal Norteño, cardenal rojo
Estonian: kardinal
Finnish: Punakardinaali
French: Cardinal de Virginie, Cardinal rouge
Hungarian: kardinálispinty
Italian: Cardinale rosso, Cardinale settentrionale
Japanese: shoujoukoukanchou
Japanese: ショウジョウコウカンチョウ
Latin: Cardinalis cardinalis, Cardinalis cardinalis cardinalis, Richmondena cardinalis
Mayan languages: chac dzidzib
Dutch: Rode Kardinaal
Norwegian: Rødkardinal
Polish: kardynal szkarlatny, kardynał szkarłatny
Portuguese: Cardeal-roxo
Russian: виргинский кардинал, Виргинский красный кардинал, Кардинал, Красный кардинал, североамериканский кардинал
Slovak: Kardinál červený
Swedish: Röd kardinal
Chinese: 主红雀

 

         

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