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Western Gull
Larus occidentalis Audubon, 1839
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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Larus

Scientific:
  Larus occidentalis

Citation:
  Audubon, 1839

Reference:
  Orn.Biogr. 5 p.320

Protonym:
  Larus occidentalis

Avibase ID:
  575A3E3BE9C9F93B

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176817

Geographic range:

  • Larus occidentalis occidentalis: Pacific coast of British Columbia to central California
  • Larus occidentalis wymani: Central California (Monterey Bay) to s Baja California
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Western Gull
Czech:
  racek západní
German:
  Westmöwe
Danish:
  Amerikansk Svartbag
Spanish:
  Gaviota Occidental
Finnish:
  amerikanmerilokki
French:
  Goéland d'Audubon
Icelandic:
  Western Gull
Italian:
  Gabbiano occidentale
Japanese:
  amerikaoosegurokamome
Japanese:
  アメリカオオセグロカモメ
Dutch:
  Californische Meeuw
Norwegian:
  Kaliforniasvartbak
Polish:
  mewa zachodnia
Portuguese:
  Gaivota-de-pés-rosados
Portuguese (Brazil):
  Western Gull
Russian:
  Западная чайка
Slovak:
  čajka pláštiková
Swedish:
  västtrut
Chinese:
  西美鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Goéland d'Audubon ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Goéland d'Audubon ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.01:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.02:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.03:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.04:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.05:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.01:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.02:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.03:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.04:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.01:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.02:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.03:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.04:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.01:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.02:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.03:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.04:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.01:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Larus occidentalis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Larus occidentalis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Larus [occidentalis or livens] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Catalan: Gavià occidental
Czech: Racek západní
Danish: Amerikansk Svartbag
German: Westmöwe
English: Western Gull, Wyman's Gull
Spanish: Gaviota Occidental
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Occidental
Estonian: kiltkajakas
Finnish: Amerikanmerilokki
French: Goéland d'Audubon, Goéland de l'Ouest
Hungarian: nyugati sirály
Italian: Gabbiano occidentale
Japanese: amerikaoosegurokamome
Japanese: アメリカオオセグロカモメ
Latin: Larus occidentalis
Lithuanian: Vakarinis kiras
Latvian: rietumu kaija
Dutch: Californische Meeuw, Pacifische Mantelmeeuw
Norwegian: Kaliforniasvartbak
Polish: mewa zachodnia
Portuguese: Gaivota-de-pés-rosados
Russian: Западная чайка
Slovak: Čajka pláštiková
Swedish: Västtrut
Chinese: 西美鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 西方鷗

 

         

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