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Common Loon
Gavia immer (Brünnich, 1764)
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Order:
  Gaviiformes
Family:
  Gaviidae
Genus:
  Gavia

Scientific:
  Gavia immer

Citation:
  (Brünnich, 1764)

Reference:
  Orn.Boreal. p.38

Protonym:
  Colymbus Immer

Avibase ID:
  7E02237895784E9A

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 174469

Geographic range:

  • Gavia immer: breeds in northern North America, southern Greenland, and Iceland; winters from southern Alaska and the Maritime Provinces (Canda) to northerm Mexico, and from Iceland and Scandanavia to the Iberian Peninsula
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Common Loon
Czech:
  potáplice lední
German:
  Eistaucher
Danish:
  Islom
Spanish:
  Colimbo Grande
Finnish:
  amerikanjääkuikka
French:
  Plongeon huard
Icelandic:
  Himbrimi
Italian:
  Strolaga maggiore
Japanese:
  hashiguroabi
Japanese:
  ハシグロアビ
Dutch:
  IJsduiker
Norwegian:
  Islom
Polish:
  lodowiec
Portuguese:
  Mobêlha-grande
Portuguese (Brazil):
  Common Loon
Russian:
  Темноклювая гагара
Slovak:
  potáplica veľká
Swedish:
  svartnäbbad islom
Chinese:
  普通潜鸟


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
   Loon ( Urinator imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
   Loon ( Urinator imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
   Loon ( Urinator imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
   Loon ( Urinator imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
   Loon ( Urinator imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
   Loon ( Urinator imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
   Loon ( Urinator imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
   Loon ( Urinator imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
   Loon ( Urinator imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
   Loon ( Urinator imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
   Loon ( Gavia imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
   Loon ( Gavia imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
   Loon ( Gavia imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
   Loon ( Gavia imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
   Loon ( Gavia imber) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Plongeon huard ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Plongeon huard ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Common Loon/Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Common Loon/Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Common Loon/Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Common Loon/Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Common Loon/Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Common Loon/Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Common Loon/Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Common Loon/Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Common Loon/Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Great Northern Diver ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.01:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.02:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.03:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.04:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.05:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.01:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.02:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.03:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.04:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.01:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.02:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.03:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.04:
   Great Northern Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.01:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.02:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
    Gavia immer [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
    Gavia immer [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Gavia immer [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Common Loon ( Gavia immer) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Gavia immer [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Gavia immer [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Asturian: Calón, Calón Grande
Bulgarian: Северен гмуркач, Черноклюн гмуркач
Breton: Ar splujer bras
Catalan: Calàbria grossa
Catalan (Balears): Calàbria grossa
Czech: Potáplice lední
Welsh: Trochydd mawr
Danish: Islom
German: Eistaucher
Greek: Παγοβούτι
English: American common loon, Black-billed Diver, Black-billed Loon, Common Loon, Common Loon/Great Northern Diver, Great Northern Diver, Great Northern Loon, lesser black-billed loon, Lesser Loon, Loon, Northern Loon, Polar Loon
Esperanto: Granda kolimbo
Spanish: Colimbo, Colímbo, Colimbo Común, Colimbo Grande, Colimbo Mayor, Somormujo
Spanish (Cuba): Somormujo
Spanish (Mexico): Colimbo Común, colimbo mayor
Estonian: Jääkaur
Basque: Aliota handia, Calàbria grossa
Finnish: Amerikanjääkuikka
Faroese: Havgás, Helsiont, Imbrimil
French: Huart à collier, Plongeon huard, Plongeon imbrin
Irish: Lóma Mór
Gaelic: Bun-Bhuachaille, Muir-Bhuachaill, Mur-Bhuachaille
Galician: Calàbria grossa, Mobella grande
Manx: Arrag Vooar, Thummeyder
Hebrew: צוללן צפוני
Hungarian: Jeges búvár
Icelandic: Himbrimi, Himbrini
Italian: Strolaga maggiore
Inuktitut: Tudlik, Tulik
Japanese: hashiguroabi
Japanese: ハシグロアビ
Latin: Gavia imber, Gavia immer, Urinator imber
Luxembourgish: Äisdaucher
Lithuanian: Ledinis naras
Latvian: Polārā gārgale
Dutch: IJsduiker
Norwegian: Islom
Polish: (nur) lodowiec, lodowiec, nur lodowiec
Portuguese: Mobelha-grande, Mobêlha-grande
Romansh: Sfunsella da glatsch
Romanian: Cufundar mare
Russian: Гагара черноклювая, Полярная гагара, Темноклювая гагара, Черноклювая гагара
Northern Sami: Áhpedovtta
Slovak: potáplica ľadová, potáplica veľká
Slovenian: ledni slapnik
Albanian: Nori polar
Serbian: morski gnjurac veliki, Veliki morski gnjurac, Велики морски гнјурац
Swedish: Islom, Svartnäbbad islom
Turkish: Buz Dalgıcı, Buz Dalgıçı, buz dalgycy
Ukrainian: Гагара полярна , Полярна гагара
Chinese: 普通潜鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 普通潛鳥

 

         

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