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Common Grackle
Quiscalus quiscula (Linnaeus, 1758)
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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Icteridae
Genus:
  Quiscalus

Scientific:
  Quiscalus quiscula

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.109

Protonym:
  Gracula Quiscula

Avibase ID:
  8BBB3255C6B7EE91

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179104

Geographic range:

  • Quiscalus quiscula quiscula: SE US (s Louisiana to e South Carolina and Florida Keys)
  • Quiscalus quiscula stonei: E US (sw Conn. to Alabama and n Georgia); > to Florida
  • Quiscalus quiscula versicolor: S and se Canada e of Rocky Mts. to c and ne US; > to s US
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Common Grackle
Czech:
  vlhovec nachový
German:
  Purpurgrackel
Danish:
  Sortgrackel
Spanish:
  Zanate Común
Finnish:
  purppuraturpiaali
French:
  Quiscale bronzé
Icelandic:
  Blásóti
Italian:
  Gracula comune
Japanese:
  ookuromukudorimodoki
Japanese:
  オオクロムクドリモドキ
Dutch:
  Glanstroepiaal
Norwegian:
  Glanstrupial
Polish:
  wilgowron mniejszy
Portuguese:
  Rabo-de-quilha
Portuguese (Brazil):
  Common Grackle
Russian:
  Обыкновенный вороний дрозд
Slovak:
  vlhovec lesklý
Swedish:
  mindre båtstjärt
Chinese:
  拟八哥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Purple Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Quiscale bronzé ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Quiscale bronzé ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (3/07/2017):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
    Quiscalus quiscula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
    Quiscalus quiscula [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Quiscalus quiscula [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Common Grackle ( Quiscalus quiscula) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Quiscalus quiscula [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Quiscalus quiscula [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other synonyms

Catalan: quíscal comú
Czech: Vlhovec nachový
Danish: Sort Trupial, Sortgrackel
German: Purpurbootschwanz, Purpurgrackel, Purpur-Grackel
English: Bronze Grackle, Bronzed Crow blackbird, Bronzed Grackle, Common Crackle, Common Grackle, Common Grakle, Crow Blackbird, Florida Crow blackbird, Florida Grackle, Keel-tailed Grackle, Maize Thief, Purple Crow blackbird, Purple Grackle
Spanish: Zanate Común, Zánate Común
Spanish (Spain): Zanate Común
Spanish (Mexico): Zanate Norteño
Finnish: Purppuraturpiaali
French: Mainate bronzé, Quiscale bronzé
Hungarian: északi csónakfarkú
Icelandic: Blásóti
Italian: Gracchio comune americano, Gracula comune
Japanese: ookuromukudorimodoki
Japanese: オオクロムクドリモドキ
Latin: Quiscalus quiscala, Quiscalus quiscula, Quiscalus quiscula quiscula
Lithuanian: Paprastasis graklas, paprastasis kviskalas, Purpurinis trupialas
Latvian: parastais pusvārnis
Dutch: Glanstroepiaal
Norwegian: Glanstrupial
Polish: wilgowron mniejszy, Wilgowron spiżowy
Portuguese: Rabo-de-quilha
Russian: Обыкновенный вороний дрозд, Обыкновенный гракл
Slovak: Trupiálovec nachovolesklý, vlhovec lesklý
Slovenian: krakač
Serbian: Obični kukuruzar
Swedish: Mindre båtstjärt
Turkish: Mor Karatavuk
Chinese: 拟八哥, 普通拟八哥
Chinese (Traditional): 普通擬八哥

 

         

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