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Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) Linnaeus, 1758
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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Sturnidae

Scientific:
  Sturnus vulgaris
Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Protonym:
  Sturnus vulgaris

Avibase ID:
  94A4403295E2D9BE

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179637

Geographic range:

  • Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris: Canary Is. and Iceland to Ural Mts., n Ukraine and se Europe
  • Sturnus vulgaris faroensis: Faeroes
  • Sturnus vulgaris zetlandicus: Shetland Islands
  • Sturnus vulgaris granti: Azores
  • Sturnus vulgaris poltaratskyi: E Ural Mountains to Lake Baikal, Kazakstan and w Mongolia
  • Sturnus vulgaris tauricus: E and s Ukraine, Crimea and Asia Minor
  • Sturnus vulgaris purpurascens: W Transcaucasia to Georgia and Armenia
  • Sturnus vulgaris caucasicus: Volga Delta and n Caucasus to Caspian Sea and s Iran
  • Sturnus vulgaris humii: W Himalayas (Kashmir to Garhwal)
  • Sturnus vulgaris nobilior: Afghanistan, Transcaspia and Khorasan
  • Sturnus vulgaris porphyronotus: S Dzungaria and Tien Shan Mts. to Pamir Mts. and Samarkand
  • Sturnus vulgaris minor: Locally in w Pakistan (Sind)
  • Show more...
Source: Clements checklist 2012

English:
  Common Starling
Czech:
  špaček obecný
German:
  Star
Danish:
  Stær
Spanish:
  Estornino Pinto
Finnish:
  kottarainen
French:
  Étourneau sansonnet
Icelandic:
  Stari
Italian:
  Storno europeo
Japanese:
  hoshimukudori
Japanese:
  ホシムクドリ
Dutch:
  Spreeuw
Norwegian:
  Stær
Polish:
  szpak
Portuguese:
  Estorninho-malhado
Russian:
  Скворец
Slovak:
  škorec obyčajný
Swedish:
  Stare
Chinese:
  紫翅椋鸟


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Avibase taxonomic concepts:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (May 2014):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Étourneau sansonnet ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Étourneau sansonnet ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 1st edition:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 3rd edition:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 4th edition:
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 6th edition:
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
eBird version 1.50:
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
eBird version 1.52:
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
eBird version 1.53:
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
eBird version 1.54:
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.01:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.02:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.03:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.04:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.05:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.01:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.02:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Oriental Bird Club:
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
James Lee Peters:
    Sturnus vulgaris
James Lee Peters (original):
    Sturnus vulgaris
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Sturnus vulgaris
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
   European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Sturnus vulgaris

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Afrikaans: Europese Spreeu
Arabic: الزرزور, الزرزور سمن سلو, سمن سلو
Asturian: Estornín Pintu
Azerbaijani: Adi sığırçın
Belarusian: špak, Звычайны шпак, шпак
Bulgarian: skorec, Обикновен скорец, скорец
Breton: An dred, dred
Catalan: estornell, Estornell vulgar, Oriol
Catalan (Balears): Estornell
Valencian: Oriol
Czech: špaček, Špacek obecný, Špaček obecný, špaèek obecný
Chuvash: Шăнкăрч
Welsh: Aderyn y ddrycin, Aderyn yr eira, Dreydwen, Drudw, drudwen, Drudwy, Drwdw, Drydwy, Sgrech
Danish: Stær
German: Gemeiner Star, Star
Greek: (Ευρωπαϊκό) Ψαρόνι, [psaroni], psaroni, Λαζούρι , Ψαρόνι
Greek (Cypriot): Λαζούρι
Emiliano-romagnolo: Arghebul
English: Common Starling, English Starling, Eurasian Starling, European Starling, Northern Starling, Starling
Esperanto: sturno
Spanish: Cuervo, Estornino, Estornino común, Estornino Europeo, Estornino Pinto
Spanish (Argentine): Estornino común, Estornino pinto
Spanish (Cuba): Estornino
Spanish (Mexico): Estornino Europeo, estornino pinto
Spanish (Uruguay): Estornino
Estonian: Kuldnokk
Basque: Araba zozo pikarta, arabazozo, Arabazozo pikart, Estornell vulgar
Persian: پرى شاهرخ طلايی
Finnish: Kottarainen
Faroese: stari
French: étourneau, Etourneau sansonnet, Étourneau sansonnet
Friulian: sturnel
Frisian: protter
Irish: druid, estorniño
Gaelic: Druid, Truid
Galician: Estornell vulgar , Estorniño pinto, Ouriolo
Guarani: Guyrajuhũ
Manx: Truitlag, trutlag
Hebrew: זרזיר, זרז-יר, זרזיר מצוי, זרז-יר מצוי
Croatian: Cvorak, Čvorak, Šareni čvorak
Hungarian: Seregély
Armenian: [Sovorakan Saryak ], Սովորական Սարյակ
Icelandic: Stari
Italian: Galbéder, Storno, Storno comune, Storno europeo
Brescian: Galbéder
Japanese: Hoshi muku-dori, hoshimukudori, Hoshi-Mukudori
Japanese: ホシムクドリ
Georgian: მოლაღური, შოშია, ჩვეულებრივი შროშანი
Khakas: Парчых
Kazakh: Қараторғай, Мысықторғай, Сарғалдақ
Korean: 흰점찌르레기
Kashmiri: [Posh Nool]
Cornish: Tros, trosen
Latin: Sturnus vulgaris
Ladino: storno
Lithuanian: Paprastasis varnenas, Paprastasis varnėnas, Šnekutis, Špokas, varnėnas
Latvian: Mačiņš, majas strazds, mājas strazds, Melnais strazds
Macedonian: skolovranec, Обичен сколовранец, сколовранец
Mongolian: Хар тодол
Maltese: sturnell
Dutch: Europeese Spreeuw, Spreeuw
Norwegian: Stær
Occitan: estornèl
Polish: szpak, szpak (zwyczajny), Szpak zwyczajny
Portuguese: Estorinho-malhado, estorninho, estorninho malhado, Estorninho-malhado
Romansh: sturnel
Romanian: graur
Russian: Obyknovenny Skvorets, skvorec, Обыкновенный скворец, Обыкновеный скворец, Серый скворец, скворец, Скворец обыкновенный
Sardinian: istrullu pintirinadu, istùrulu campinu, istůrulu campinu, puzone nieddu, sturru grandinau
Scots: druid, Truid
Northern Sami: stárra
Slovak: Ékorec lesklý, Ékorec obyčajný, obyčajný lesklý, škorec, škorec lesklý, Škorec obyčajný
Slovenian: navadni škorec, škorec
Albanian: Cerloi i zi pikalosh, gargulli
Serbian: Cvorak, čvorak, cvorak (brljak), obicni cvorak, obični čvorak, Обични чворак, чворак
Sotho, Southern: Leholi
Swedish: Stare
Tamil: [Manja kili]
Thai: นกกิ้งโครงพันธุ์ยุโรป
Turkmen: sığyrcık
Turkish: Sığırcık, Sışırcık, syğyrcyk
Tuvinian: Кара-баарзык
Ukrainian: špak, Звичайний шпак, шпак, Шпак звичайний
Vietnamese: Sáo đá, Sáo đá xanh
Sorbian, Lower: škorc
Sorbian, Upper: škórc
Chinese: [Ou liang-niao], [Ouzhou ba-ga], [Ouzhou liang-niao], [zi-chi liang-niao], 欧椋鸟, 欧洲八哥, 歐洲椋鳥, 紫翅椋鳥, 紫翅椋鸟
Chinese (Taiwan): [Ouzhou liang-niao], 歐洲椋鳥

 

         

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