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California Towhee
Kieneria crissalis (Vigors, 1839)
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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Passerellidae
Genus:
  Kieneria

Scientific:
  Kieneria crissalis

Citation:
  (Vigors, 1839)

Reference:
  Zool.Beechey'sVoy. p.19

Protonym:
  Fringilla crissalis

Avibase ID:
  B745D852493D59B9

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 202307

Geographic range:

  • Kieneria crissalis crissalis: Coastal cent. Calif. (n Monterey to Kern and Ventura counties)
  • Kieneria crissalis eremophilus: E-central California (Argus Mts. and nw San Bernardino County)
  • Kieneria crissalis bullatus: Semiarid sw Oregon and extreme n-central California
  • Kieneria crissalis carolae: Interior California (Humboldt County to Kern County)
  • Kieneria crissalis petulans: Coastal n California (Humboldt County to Santa Cruz County)
  • Kieneria crissalis senicula: Coastal s California (Los Angeles County) and nw Baja California
  • Kieneria crissalis aripolia: Central Baja California (latitude 29°N to 26°30'N)
  • Kieneria crissalis albigula: Cape district of s Baja California
  • Show more...
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  California Towhee
Czech:
  pipilo kalifornský
German:
  Kaliforniengrundammer
Danish:
  Californisk Buskspurv
Spanish:
  Toquí Californiano
Finnish:
  kalifornianpipilo
French:
  Tohi de Californie
Icelandic:
  California Towhee
Italian:
  Touì della California
Japanese:
  kariforuniamujitouhichou
Japanese:
  カリフォルニアムジトウヒチョウ
Dutch:
  Californische Towie
Norwegian:
  Kaliforniatovi
Polish:
  pipil kalifornijski
Portuguese:
  California Towhee
Portuguese (Brazil):
  California Towhee
Russian:
  Калифорнийский тоухи
Slovak:
  strnádlik kalifornský
Swedish:
  kalifornisk busksparv
Chinese:
  加州唧鹀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Californian Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Californian Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Californian Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Californian Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   California Towhee ( Kieneria crissalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   California Towhee ( Kieneria crissalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   California Towhee ( Kieneria crissalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   California Towhee ( Kieneria crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Tohi de Californie ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Tohi de Californie ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   California Towhee ( Kieneria crissalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   California Towhee ( Kieneria crissalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   California Towhee ( Pyrgisoma crissale) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   California Towhee ( Pyrgisoma crissale) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (3/07/2017):
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
   California Towhee ( Melozone crissalis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis)
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   California Towhee ( Pipilo crissalis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Pipilo crissalis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Melozone crissalis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Kieneria [fusca or crissalis] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Catalan: toquí de Califòrnia
Czech: pipilo kalifornský
Danish: Californisk Buskspurv
German: Kaliforniengrundammer
English: Brown Towhee, California Towhee, Californian Towhee, Canyon Towhee
Spanish: Rascador Californiano, Rascador de California, Rascador pardo, Toqui californiano, Toquí Californiano
Spanish (Spain): Toquí Californiano
Spanish (Mexico): Rascador Californiano, Rascador pardo, toquí californiano
Finnish: kalifornianpipilo
French: Tohi de Californie
Italian: Touì della California
Japanese: kariforuniamujitouhichou
Japanese: カリフォルニアムジトウヒチョウ
Latin: Aimophila crissalis, Kieneria crissalis, Melozone crissalis, Pipilo crissalis, Pipilo fuscus crissalis, Pyrgisoma crissale
Lithuanian: Kaliforninė melozona
Latvian: Kalifornijas stērste
Dutch: Californische Towie
Norwegian: Kaliforniatovi
Polish: pipil kalifornijski
Russian: Калифорнийский тоухи
Slovak: strnádlik kalifornský
Swedish: Kalifornisk busksparv
Chinese: 加州唧鹀
Chinese (Traditional): 加利福尼亞鵖鵐

 

         

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