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Black Scoter
Melanitta americana (Swainson, 1832)
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Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
  Melanitta

Scientific:
  Melanitta americana

Citation:
  (Swainson, 1832)

Reference:
  FaunaBor.-Am.[Swainson&Richardson] 2(1831) p.450

Protonym:
  Oidemia Americana

Avibase ID:
  B7B1A5DD94724A05

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175173


NEAR THREATENED

Geographic range:

  • Melanitta americana: Breeds n Siberia to Alaska; winters to n US
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Black Scoter
Czech:
  Black Scoter
German:
  Pazifiktrauerente
Danish:
  Amerikansk Sortand
Spanish:
  Negrón americano
Finnish:
  Amerikanmustalintu
French:
  Macreuse à bec jaune
Icelandic:
  Black Scoter
Italian:
  Orchetto marino americano
Japanese:
  kurogamo
Japanese:
  クロガモ
Dutch:
  Amerikaanse Zee-eend
Norwegian:
  Amerikasvartand
Polish:
  markaczka amerykańska
Portuguese:
  Black Scoter
Portuguese (Brazil):
  Black Scoter
Russian:
  Американская синьга
Slovak:
  turpan americký
Swedish:
  amerikansk sjöorre
Chinese:
  黑海番鸭


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   American Scoter ( Oidemia americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
    Oidemia americana americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
    Oidemia americana americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
    Oidemia americana americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
    Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
    Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Macreuse à bec jaune ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Macreuse à bec jaune ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Black Scoter (American) ( Melanitta nigra americana)
eBird version 1.52:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   American Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.01:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.02:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.03:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.04:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.05:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.01:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.02:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.03:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.04:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.01:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.02:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.03:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.04:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.01:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.02:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.03:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.04:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.01:
   Black Scoter ( Melanitta americana) [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
    Oidemia nigra americana [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Melanitta nigra americana [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Melanitta americana [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Melanitta [nigra or americana] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Catalan: Ànec negre americà
Danish: Amerikansk Sortand
German: Amerikanische Trauerente, Pazifiktrauerente, Trauerente
English: American Black Scoter, American Scoter, Black Scoter, Black Scoter (American), Common Scoter, Pacific black scoter, Pacific Ocean Scoter, Scoter
Spanish: Negreta negra, Negrón americano
Estonian: ida-mustvaeras
Finnish: Amerikanmustalintu
French: Macreuse à bec jaune, Macreuse à bec jaune americaine, Macreuse noire
Hungarian: nyerges réce
Italian: Orchetto marino americano
Japanese: kurogamo, kuro-gamo, kuro-tori
Japanese: クロガモ, クロトリ
Japanese (Kanji): 黒鳥, 黒鴨
Korean: 검둥오리
Korean (Transliteration): geomdung-ori
Latin: Melanitta americana, Melanitta nigra, Melanitta nigra americana, Oidemia americana, Oidemia americana americana, Oidemia nigra americana
Lithuanian: Amerikinė juodoji antis
Latvian: Amerikas melnā pīle
Dutch: Amerikaanse Zee-Eend, Amerikaanse Zeeüend
Norwegian: Amerikasvartand
Polish: markaczka amerykanska, markaczka amerykańska
Pinyin: hēi hǎi-fān-yā, měi-zhōu hēi-fú
Russian: Американская синьга, Синьга, Синьга американская, Тихоокеанская синьга
Slovak: turpan americký
Swedish: Amerikansk sjöorre
Chinese: 美洲黑凫, 黑海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 美洲黑鳧, 黑海番鴨

 

         

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