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Arctic Tern
Sterna paradisaea Pontoppidan, 1763
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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Sterna

Scientific:
  Sterna paradisaea

Citation:
  Pontoppidan, 1763

Reference:
  Dansk.Atlas 1 p.622

Protonym:
  Sterna Paradisaea

Avibase ID:
  BDC5CF80BE6CFC21

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176890

Geographic range:

  • Sterna paradisaea: Arctic circumpolar; winters sub-Antarctic and Antarctic seas
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Arctic Tern
Czech:
  rybák dlouhoocasý
German:
  Küstenseeschwalbe
Danish:
  Havterne
Spanish:
  Charrán ártico
Finnish:
  lapintiira
French:
  Sterne arctique
Icelandic:
  Kría
Italian:
  Sterna codalunga
Japanese:
  kyokuajisashi
Japanese:
  キョクアジサシ
Dutch:
  Noordse Stern
Norwegian:
  Rødnebbterne
Polish:
  rybitwa popielata
Portuguese:
  Andorinha-do-mar-árctica
Portuguese (Brazil):
  Trinta-réis-ártico
Russian:
  Полярная крачка
Slovak:
  rybár dlhochvostý
Swedish:
  silvertärna
Chinese:
  北极燕鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Sterne arctique ( Sterna paradisaea)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Sterne arctique ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 1st edition:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 3rd edition:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 4th edition:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 6th edition:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Clements, version 2015:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
eBird version 1.50:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
eBird version 1.52:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
eBird version 1.53:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
eBird version 1.54:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
eBird version 1.55:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
eBird version 2015:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.01:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.02:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.03:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.04:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.05:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.01:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.02:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.03:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.04:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.01:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.02:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.03:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.04:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.01:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.02:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Oriental Bird Club:
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
James Lee Peters:
    Sterna paradisaea
James Lee Peters (original):
    Sterna paradisaea
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Sterna paradisaea
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
   Arctic Tern ( Sterna paradisaea)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Sterna paradisaea
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Sterna paradisaea

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Afrikaans: Arktiese Seeswael , Arktiese Sterretjie, Gewone Sterretjie
Arabic: الخرشنة القطبية, الخرشنة القطبية الجنة
Asturian: Garrochín Articu, Garrochín Viaxeru
Belarusian: Палярная крычка
Bulgarian: Полярна рибарка
Breton: Skravig an hanternoz, Skravig-ar-sterenn
Catalan: Xatrac àrtic, Xatrac gros
Valencian: Xatrac gros
Czech: Rybák dlouhoocasý
Welsh: Morwennol fach, Morwennol y gogledd
Danish: Havterne
German: Kustenseeschwalbe, Küstenseeschwalbe, Küsten-Seeschwalbe
Greek: Χιονογλάρονο
Greek (Cypriot): Χιονογλάρονο
English: Arctic Tern
Esperanto: arkta ^sterno, Arkta ŝterno
Spanish: Charrá árctico, Charrán Artico, Charrán Ártico, Charrán Viajero, Gaviota del Ártico, Gaviota golondrina caspiana, Gaviotín Artico, Gaviotín ártico, Gaviotín Ärtico, Golondrina-marina Artica, Golondrina-marina Caspica
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviotín Artico, Gaviotín ártico
Spanish (Chile): Gaviotín ártico
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviotín Ártico
Spanish (Costa Rica): Charrán Viajero
Spanish (Honduras): Gaviota golondrina caspiana
Spanish (Mexico): charrán ártico, Golondrina-marina Artica, Golondrina-marina Caspica
Spanish (Peru): Gaviotín Artico
Spanish (Paraguay): Gaviotín ártico
Spanish (Uruguay): Gaviotín ártico, Gaviotín Ärtico
Estonian: Randtiir
Basque: Ipar-txenada, Xatrac àrtic
Finnish: Lapintiira
Faroese: Knokksvarta, Terna
French: Hirondelle de mer paradis, Sterne arctique
Irish: Geabhróg Artach
Gaelic: Steàrnal
Galician: Carrán ártico, Xatrac àrtic
Guarani: Atî
Manx: Gant ny gibbinyn
Hebrew: שחפית קוטב, שחפית קטב
Croatian: Arktička čigra, Polarna čigra
Hungarian: Sarki csér
Indonesian: Daralaut Arktik
Icelandic: Kría
Italian: Sterna artica, Sterna codalunga
Inuktitut: Emakatilak, Imeqqutaalaq
Japanese: kyoku aji-sashi, kyokuajisashi, Kyoku-ajisashi
Japanese: キョクアジサシ
Japanese (Kanji): 極鯵刺
Greenlandic: Emakatilak, Imeqqutaalaq
Cornish: Morwennol Arctyk
Latin: Sterna macrura, Sterna paradisae, Sterna paradisaea, Sterna paradisea
Lithuanian: Ilgauodegė žuvėdra, Poliarine žuvedra, Poliarinė žuvėdra
Latvian: Garastes zīriņš, Jūras zīriņš
Maori: Tara-nui
Dutch: Noordse Stern, Noorse Stern
Norwegian: Isterne, Kyssterne, Kystterne, Rødnebbterne
Polish: rybitwa popielata, Rybitwa zwyczajna
Pinyin: běi-jí yàn-ōu
Portuguese: andorinha do mar ártica, Andorinha-do-mar-árctica, Andorinha-do-mar-ártica, Andorinha-do-mar-ártica (Po), Gaivina-árctica, Trinta-réis-artico, trinta-réis-ártico, Trinta-réis-ártico / Gaivina do Árctico
Portuguese (Brazil): Trinta-réis-ártico
Romansh: Pestgarel arctic, pestgarel artic
Romanian: Chiră polară
Russian: Крачка полярная, Полярная крачка
Scots: Stearnal
Northern Sami: Cearret
Slovak: Rybár dlhochvostý
Slovenian: polarna cigra, polarna čigra
Serbian: Arkticka cigra, Арктичка чигра
Swedish: Silvertärna
Turkish: Kutup Sumrusu, Kuzey sumrusu
Ukrainian: Крячок полярний , Полярний крячок
Xhosa: Unothenteza
Chinese: [bei-ji yan-ou], 北极燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 北極燕鷗

 

         

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