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Least Tern
Sternula antillarum Lesson, 1847
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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Sternula

Scientific:
  Sternula antillarum

Citation:
  Lesson, 1847

Reference:
  OeuvresCompl.Buffon 20 p.256

Protonym:
  Sternula antillarum

Avibase ID:
  BE78E765F1DA8123

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 824127

Geographic range:

  • Sternula antillarum antillarum: E US to Honduras, Caribbean and Guianas; winters to n Brazil
  • Sternula antillarum browni: S California to Baja and w Mexico; winters to Central America
  • Sternula antillarum athalassos: N Great Plains to Louisiana and Texas; winters to n Brazil
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Least Tern
Czech:
  rybák nejmenší
German:
  Antillen-Zwergseeschwalbe
Danish:
  Amerikansk Dværgterne
Spanish:
  Charrancito Americano
Finnish:
  amerikanpikkutiira
French:
  Petite Sterne
Icelandic:
  Rindilþerna
Italian:
  Fraticello americano
Japanese:
  amerikakoajisashi
Japanese:
  アメリカコアジサシ
Dutch:
  Amerikaanse Dwergstern
Norwegian:
  Amerikadvergterne
Polish:
  rybitwa mala
Portuguese:
  Trinta-réis-miudo
Portuguese (Brazil):
  Trinta-réis-miúdo
Russian:
  Калифорнийская крачка
Slovak:
  rybár krpatý
Swedish:
  amerikansk småtärna
Chinese:
  小白额燕鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
    Sternula albifrons antillarum
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Petite Sterne ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Petite Sterne ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (3/07/2017):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.01:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.02:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.03:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.04:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.05:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.01:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.02:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.03:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.04:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.01:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.02:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.03:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.04:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.01:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.02:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.03:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.04:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.01:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.02:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.03:
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
   Least Tern ( Sterna antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
   Least Tern ( Sternula antillarum)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Sternula antillarum [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Sternula antillarum [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Sternula [albifrons or antillarum] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Arabic: الخرشنة الغبراء الصغيرة
Bulgarian: Белочела рибарка
Catalan: Xatrac menut americà
Czech: Rybák nejmenší
Danish: Amerikansk Dværgterne, Dværgterne, Lille Terne
German: Amerikanische Zwergseeschwalbe, AmerikanischeZwe, Amerika-Zwergseeschwalbe, Antillen-Zwergseeschwalbe, Kleinseeschwalbe, Kleinstseeschwalbe
Greek: Νανογλάρονο
English: American Least Tern, Brown's Tern, Least Tern, Little Tern
Spanish: Charrán Chico, Charrán Menudo, Charrán Mínimo, Charrancito Americano, Gaviota Chica, Gaviota Chiquita, Gaviota golondrina chica, Gaviota Pequeña, Gaviotica, Gaviotín chico boreal, Gaviotín Enano, Gaviotín Pequeño, Golondrina-marina Mínima
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviotín chico boreal
Spanish (Chile): Gaviotín chico boreal
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviotín Enano
Spanish (Costa Rica): Charrán chico
Spanish (Cuba): Gaviotica
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Charrán Menor, Gaviota Chiquita, Gaviotica
Spanish (Honduras): Gaviota golondrina chica
Spanish (Mexico): charrán mínimo, Golondrina-marina Mínima
Spanish (Nicaragua): Charrán Menudo
Spanish (Peru): Gaviotín Chico
Spanish (Venezuela): Gaviota Filico
Estonian: ameerika väiketiir
Finnish: Amerikanpikkutiira
French: Petite Sterne, Sterne antille, Sterne naine d'Amérique
Guadeloupean Creole French: Petite mauve
Haitian Creole French: Ti Mòv piti
Croatian: Mala Cigra, Mala Čigra
Hungarian: antillai csér
Icelandic: Rindilþerna
Italian: Fraticello americano, Sterna minuta
Japanese: amerikakoajisashi
Japanese: アメリカコアジサシ
Korean: 쇠제비갈매기
Latin: Sterna albifrons, Sterna antillarum, Sternula albifrons antillarum, Sternula antillarum
Lithuanian: Antilinė žuvėdra, Nykštukinė žuvėdra
Latvian: sīkais zīriņš
Dutch: Amerikaanse Dwergstern
Norwegian: Amerikadvergterne
Polish: rybitwa mala, rybitwa mała
Portuguese: andorinha do mar anã, trinta-réis, Trinta-reis-miúdo, Trinta-réis-miudo, trinta-réis-miúdo
Portuguese (Brazil): trinta-réis, trinta-reis-miudo, Trinta-réis-miúdo
Russian: Калифорнийская крачка, Карликовая крачка, Малая крачка
Slovak: rybár krpatý
Slovenian: mala cigra
Serbian: mala cigra, mala čigra
Swedish: Amerikansk småtärna, Dvärgtärna, Småtärna
Turkish: Antil Sumrusu
Chinese: 小白额燕鸥, 白額燕鷗, 白额燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 白額燕鷗

 

         

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