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Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna (Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis]) Linnaeus, 1758
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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Sturnidae

Scientific:
  Gracula religiosa
Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Protonym:
  Gracula religiosa

Avibase ID:
  C090741A455BEE7A

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179652

Geographic range:

  • Gracula religiosa religiosa: Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Bali, Borneo and Bangka I.
  • Gracula religiosa batuensis: Batu and Mentawi islands (off nw Sumatra)
  • Gracula religiosa palawanensis: Palawan (sw Philippines)
  • Gracula religiosa venerata: W Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa, Flores, Pantar, Lomblen and Alor)
  • Gracula religiosa intermedia: N India to Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina and s China
  • Gracula religiosa peninsularis: NE peninsular India
  • Gracula religiosa andamanensis: Andaman and Nicobar islands
  • Gracula indica: SW India (Western Ghats) and s Sri Lanka
  • Gracula robusta: Nias, Pulan, Babi, Tuangku and Bangkaru islands (off Sumatra)
  • Gracula enganensis: Enggano I. (off s Sumatra)
  • Show more...
Source: Clements checklist 2012

English:
  Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna
Czech:
  loskuták posvátný
German:
  Beo
Danish:
  Beo
Spanish:
  Mainá del Himalaya
Finnish:
  pyhämaina
French:
  Mainate religieux, M. indien, M. de Nias ou M. d'Enggano
Italian:
  Gracula religiosa
Japanese:
  kyuukanchou
Japanese:
  キュウカンチョウ
Dutch:
  Heilige Beo
Norwegian:
  Beostær
Polish:
  gwarek czczony
Russian:
  Священная майна
Slovak:
  beo posvätný
Swedish:
  Beostare
Chinese:
  鹩哥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Avibase taxonomic concepts:
   Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts (May 2014):
   Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna ( Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Mainate religieux ( Gracula religiosa)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Mainate religieux ( Gracula religiosa)
Clements 1st edition:
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Clements 3rd edition:
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Clements 4th edition:
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Southern Grackle ( Gracula religiosa)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Southern Grackle ( Gracula religiosa)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Oriental Bird Club:
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
James Lee Peters:
    Gracula religiosa
James Lee Peters (original):
    Gracula religiosa
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Gracula religiosa
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa)

Taxonomic status:

Species status: this taxon has now been split

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Related taxa

Other synonyms

Catalan: Minà indi
Cebuano: kiyaw
Czech: Loskuták posvátný
Danish: Beo
German: Beo, Großer Beo, Hügelatzel, Kleinbeo
English: Common Grackle, Common Hill Myna, Common Mynah, Common, Southern, Nias or Enggano Hill Myna, Eastern Hill Myna, Eastern Hill Mynah, Eastern Hill-Myna, Grackle, Hill Grackle, Hill Myna, hill mynah, Indian Grackle, Indian Hill Myna, Indian hill Mynah, Javan hill mynah, Southern Grackle, Talking Myna, Talking Mynah
Spanish: Maina de las Colinas, Mainá del Himalaya
Finnish: Pyhämaina
French: Mainate religieux, Mainate religieux, M. indien, M. de Nias ou M. d'Enggano
Indonesian: Beo, Tiong, Tiong emas
Italian: Gracula religiosa
Japanese: kyuukanchou
Japanese: キュウカンチョウ
Latin: Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis], Gracula religiosa, Gracula religiosa religiosa
Malayalam: കാട്ടുമൈന  
Malay: Burung Tiong Mas, Tiong Emas, Tiong Mas
Dutch: Beo, Grote Beo, Heilige Beo
Norwegian: Beostær
Polish: gwarek czczony
Russian: Священная майна
Slovak: beo posvätný, Ékorec posva/tný
Slovenian: Hribovske majne
Swedish: Beostare
Tamil: மலை மைனா
Thai: นกขุนทอง
Turkish: Mino
Chinese: 鷯哥, 鹩哥

 

         

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