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Lesser Black-backed Gull
Larus [fuscus or heuglini] (= Larus fuscus) Linnaeus, 1758
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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Larus

Scientific:
  Larus fuscus

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.136

Protonym:
  Larus fuscus

Avibase ID:
  D40E8FE849D498AF

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176821

Geographic range:

  • Larus fuscus fuscus: N Norway, Sweden, Finland to White Sea; > Africa, sw Asia
  • Larus fuscus intermedius: Denmark to w Norway, locally s to ne Spain; winters to w Africa
  • Larus fuscus graellsii: Iceland, Faeroes, Br. Isles, France, Portugal; winters to w Africa
  • Larus heuglini: NW Russia; winters to Middle East, South Africa and se Asia
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Lesser Black-backed or Siberian Gull
Czech:
  racek žlutonohý
German:
  Heringsmöwe
Danish:
  Sildemåge
Spanish:
  Gaviota Sombría
Finnish:
  selkälokki
French:
  Goéland brun
Icelandic:
  Sílamáfur
Italian:
  Zafferano
Japanese:
  nishisegurokamome
Japanese:
  ニシセグロカモメ
Dutch:
  Kleine Mantelmeeuw
Norwegian:
  Sildemåke
Polish:
  mewa żółtonoga
Portuguese:
  Gaivota-d'asa-escura
Portuguese (Brazil):
  gaivota-da-asa-escura
Russian:
  Клуша
Slovak:
  čajka tmavá
Swedish:
  Silltrut
Chinese:
  小黑背鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Lesser Black-backed or Siberian Gull ( Larus [fuscus or heuglini])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Lesser Black-backed or Siberian Gull ( Larus [fuscus or heuglini])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Lesser Black-backed or Siberian Gull ( Larus [fuscus or heuglini])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Lesser Black-backed or Siberian Gull ( Larus [fuscus or heuglini])
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Goéland brun ( Larus fuscus)
Clements 4th edition:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
eBird version 1.50:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
eBird version 1.52:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
eBird version 1.53:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
eBird version 1.54:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
eBird version 1.55:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 3]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Larus fuscus [version 3]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

This taxon is a subspecies of Larus [argentatus, cachinnans, vegae, fuscus or heuglini]

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7 


Other synonyms

Afrikaans: Kleinswartrugmeeu
Arabic: النورس أسود الظهر الصغير
Asturian: Gaviota Someada
Azerbaijani: Beligara qağayısı
Belarusian: Чайка-чарнакрылка
Bulgarian: Малка черногърба чайка
Breton: Ar gouelan kein du, Gwelenn kein-du
Catalan: Gavià fosc, Gavina fosca
Catalan (Balears): Gavina fosca
Czech: Racek žlutonohý
Welsh: Gwylan gefnddu, Gwylan gefnddu leiaf
Danish: Baltisk Sildemåge, Sildemåge
German: Heringsmöve, Heringsmowe, Heringsmöwe
Greek: Μελανόγλαρος
English: Black-backed Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Lesser Black-backed or Siberian Gull
Esperanto: flavkrura mevo
Spanish: Gaviota de Espalda Negra Menor, Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, Gaviota Dorsinegro, Gaviota Sombria, gaviota sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviota sombría
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviota Sombría
Spanish (Costa Rica): Gaviota Dorsinegro
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Gaviota Sombria
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, gaviota sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Venezuela): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor
Estonian: Tommukajakas, tõmmukajakas
Basque: Gavià fosc, Kaio iluna
Finnish: Selkälokki
Faroese: Bidna, Likka
French: Goéland brun, Goéland brun ou G. de Sibérie
Irish: Droimneach Beag
Gaelic: Faoileag Bheag, Farspach Bheag
Galician: Gaivota escura, Gavià fosc
Manx: Foillan Saggyrt
Haitian Creole French: Ti Mòv do nwa
Hebrew: שחף שחור
Hungarian: Heringsirály
Armenian: [Pokr Tzovavoror ], Փոքր Ծովաորոր
Icelandic: Sílamáfur
Italian: Zafferano
Japanese: nishi se-guro kamome, nishisegurokamome, Nishi-seguro-kamome
Japanese: ニシセグロカモメ
Japanese (Kanji): 西背黒鴎
Georgian: კლუშა-თოლია, შავფრთიანი თოლია
Kazakh: Бозшағала
Korean: 줄무늬노랑발갈매기
Korean (Transliteration): jul-munui-norang-bal-galmaegi
Cornish: Gwylan keyn du lyha
Latin: Larus [fuscus or heuglini], Larus fuscus
Luxembourgish: Kleng Mantelméiw
Lithuanian: Silkinis kiras
Latvian: Reņģu kaija
Macedonian: Морски (Мал црногрб) галеб
Mongolian: Бархираа цахлай, Үхэр цахлай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠠᠷᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Transliteration): barkh'raa tsakhlai, ükher tsakhlai
Malay: Burung Camar Cina
Maltese: Gawwija Dahrha Iswed
Dutch: Kleine Mantelmeeuw
Norwegian: Sildemåke
Polish: Mewa brytyjska, mewa żółtonoga
Pinyin: huī-lín ōu, xiǎo hēi-bèi yín-ōu
Portuguese: gaivota de asa escura, Gaivota-d'asa-escura, Gaivota-de-asa-escura
Portuguese (Brazil): gaivota-da-asa-escura
Romansh: Muetta fustga
Romanian: Pescăruş negricios
Russian: Клуша, Клуша западная
Northern Sami: Salletgáiru
Slovak: Čajka tmavá
Slovenian: rjavi galeb
Albanian: Pulëbardha mesatare shpinëzezë
Serbian: mrki galeb, Мрки галеб
Swedish: Silltrut
Swahili: Shakwe Mgongo-mweusi
Thai: นกนางนวลหลังดำเล็ก, นกนางนวลหลังดำพันธุ์รัสเชีย
Thai (Transliteration): nók naaŋ-nuan lăŋ-dam lék
Turkish: Kara Sırtlı Martı, kara syrtly marty, Karasırtlı Martı, Kara-sırtlı Martı, Küçük Siyah Martı
Ukrainian: Клуша, Мартин чорнокрилий , Чорнокрилий мартин
Vietnamese: Chim Mòng bể chân vàng, Chim Mòng biển lưng đen nhỏ
Chinese: 小黑背银鸥, 小黑背鷗, 小黑背鸥, 灰林鸥, 烏灰銀鷗
Chinese (Traditional): 小黑背銀鷗, 灰林鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 小黑背鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): 小黑背鸥

 

         

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