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Great Black-backed Gull
Larus marinus Linnaeus, 1758
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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Larus

Scientific:
  Larus marinus

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.136

Protonym:
  Larus marinus

Avibase ID:
  E826E9F3FBAED223

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176815

Geographic range:

  • Larus marinus: Palearctic and ne N Am.; winters to W Indies and Iberian Pen.
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Great Black-backed Gull
Czech:
  racek mořský
German:
  Mantelmöwe
Danish:
  Svartbag
Spanish:
  Gavión Atlántico
Finnish:
  merilokki
French:
  Goéland marin
Icelandic:
  Svartbakur
Italian:
  Mugnaiaccio
Japanese:
  ookamome
Japanese:
  オオカモメ
Dutch:
  Grote Mantelmeeuw
Norwegian:
  Svartbak
Polish:
  mewa siodłata
Portuguese:
  Alcatraz-comum
Portuguese (Brazil):
  Great Black-backed Gull
Russian:
  Морская чайка
Slovak:
  čajka morská
Swedish:
  Havstrut
Chinese:
  大黑背鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Goéland marin ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Goéland marin ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
   Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
   Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Greater Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.01:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.02:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.03:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.04:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.05:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.01:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.02:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.03:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.04:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.01:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.02:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.03:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.04:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.01:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.02:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
    Larus marinus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
    Larus marinus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Larus marinus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
   Great Black-backed Gull ( Larus marinus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Larus marinus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Larus marinus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Larus [marinus or dominicanus] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Arabic: النورس اسود
Asturian: Gaviluetu, Gavión
Belarusian: Марская чайка
Bulgarian: Голяма черногърба чайка
Breton: Ar gouelan bras, Guillou
Catalan: Gavinot, Gavinot atlàntic
Catalan (Balears): Gavinot
Czech: racek moøský, Racek morský, Racek mořský
Welsh: Copsyn y môr, Gwylan gefnddu fwyaf
Danish: Svartbag
German: Mantelmöve, Mantelmowe, Mantelmöwe
Greek: Γιγαντόγλαρος, Πελαγόγλαρος
Greek (Cypriot): Πελαγόγλαρος
English: Great Black-backed Gull, Great-Black-backed Gull, Greater Black-backed Gull
Esperanto: nigramantela mevo
Spanish: Gavión, Gavión Atlántico, Gaviota de Espalda Negra Mayor, Gaviota Dorsinegra Mayor, gaviota sombría mayor
Spanish (Colombia): Gavión
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Gavión
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Dorsinegra Mayor, gaviota sombría mayor
Estonian: Merikajakas
Basque: Gavinot, Kaio beltza
Finnish: Merilokki
Faroese: Bakur, Svartbakur
French: Goéland à manteau noir, Goéland marin
Irish: Droimneach Mór
Gaelic: Farspach, Farspag
Galician: Gaivotón, Gavinot
Manx: Juan Mooar
Haitian Creole French: Mòv pye nwa
Hebrew: שחף ימי
Hungarian: Dolmányos sirály
Icelandic: Svartbakur
Italian: Mugnaiaccio
Inuktitut: Naajarluk
Japanese: ookamome
Japanese: オオカモメ
Georgian: ზღვის თოლია
Kazakh: Тењіз шағала
Greenlandic: Naajarluk
Cornish: Gwylan keyn du
Latin: Larus marinus
Luxembourgish: Mantelméiw
Lithuanian: Balnotasis kiras, Balnuotasis kiras
Latvian: Melnspārnu kaija
Macedonian: Голем морски галеб
Dutch: Grote Mantelmeeuw
Norwegian: Havskår, Stormåse, Svartbak
Polish: Mewa blada, mewa siodlata, mewa siodłata
Portuguese: Alcatraz-comum, gaivota grande, Gaivota-grande, Gaivotão-real
Romansh: Muetta da mar
Romanian: Pescăruş negru
Russian: Morskaya Chayka, Большая морская чайка, Морская чайка, Чайка морская
Northern Sami: Gáiru
Slovak: Čajka morská
Slovenian: veliki galeb
Albanian: Pulëbardha shpinëzezë
Serbian: Veliki galeb, Велики галеб
Swedish: Havstrut
Turkish: Büyük Kara Sırtlı Martı, büyük kara syrtly marty, Büyük Karasırtlı Martı, Büyük Kara-sırtlı Martı, Büyük Siyah Martı
Ukrainian: Великий морський мартин, Мартин морський , Морський мартин
Chinese: 大黑背鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 大黑背鷗

 

         

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