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Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird (Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus]) Linnaeus, 1758
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Foto aangedryf deur flickr.com .


Orde:
  Passeriformes
Familie:
  Turdidae

Wetenskaplik:
  Turdus merula
Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Protonym:
  Turdus Merula

Avibase ID:
  1BB50DE8362A4963

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179757

Geographic range:

  • Turdus merula merula: W Europe; introd. se Australia, Tasmania, Norfolk, Lord Howe is.
  • Turdus merula cabrerae: Madeira and w Canary Islands
  • Turdus merula aterrimus: SE Europe to Crete, Rhodes, Caucasus, Transcaucasia and n Iran
  • Turdus merula syriacus: S Turkey to Syria, n Iraq and s Iran
  • Turdus merula mauritanicus: North Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Turdus merula azorensis: Azores
  • Turdus merula mandarinus: W-central China (Guizhou)
  • Turdus merula intermedius: C Asia to ne Afghanistan, Pamirs and Xinjiang; winters to s Iraq
  • Turdus merula sowerbyi: SW China (Sichuan)
  • Turdus simillimus simillimus: SW India (Mysore and w Madras)
  • Turdus simillimus bourdilloni: SW India (Kerala)
  • Turdus simillimus nigropileus: W Ghats (Gujarat to Mysore) and Nilgiri Plateau of s central India
  • Turdus simillimus spencei: E Ghats (Madhya Pradesh to Seshachalam Hills) of e India
  • Turdus simillimus kinnisii: Hills of Sri Lanka
  • Turdus maximus: W Pakistan and India to Sikkim, Bhutan and se Tibet
  • Show more...
Source: Clements checklist 2012

Engels:
  Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird
Tsjeggies:
  kos černý
Duits:
  Amsel
Deens:
  Solsort
Spaans:
  Mirlo Común
Fins:
  mustarastas
Frans:
  Merle noir, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
Yslands:
  Svartþröstur
Italiaans:
  Merlo
Japanees:
  kuroutadori
Japannees:
  クロウタドリ
Nederlands:
  Merel
Noors:
  Svarttrost
Pools:
  kos
Portugees:
  Melro-preto
Russies:
  Чёрный дрозд
Slowaaks:
  drozd čierny
Sweeds:
  Koltrast
Sjinees:
  乌鸫


Owerhede erken hierdie taksonomiese konsep:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Avibase taxonomic concepts:
   Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 05:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 06:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Merle noir ( Turdus merula)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Merle noir ( Turdus merula)
Clements 1st edition:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 3rd edition:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 4th edition:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
eBird version 1.50:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Oriental Bird Club:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
James Lee Peters:
    Turdus merula
James Lee Peters (original):
    Turdus merula
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Turdus merula
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Turdus merula

Taksonomiese status:

Spesiestatus: this taxon has now been split

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Verwante taxa

Ander sinonieme

Arabies: الشحرور
Asturian: Miruellu, Ñerbatu
Aserbeidjans: Qara qaratoyuğu
Belorussies: drozd, дрозд, Чорны дрозд
Bulgaars: kos, Кос
Bretons: Ar voualc’h du, Ar voualc'h du, moualc'h zu
Katalaans: Merla, Merla vulgar, Mèrlera, tord negre
Catalan (Balears): Mèrlera
Tsjeggies: drozd černý, kos, Kos cerný, Kos černý, kos èerný
Wallies: Aderyn du, Merwys, mwyalchen, Mwyalchen yr iâr, Pigfelen
Deens: Solsort
Duits: Amsel
Grieks: (Κοινός) Κότσυφας, kotsifas, Κότσυφας
Engels: Blackbird, Common Blackbird, Eurasian Blackbird, Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird, European Blackbird
Esperanto: merlo
Spaans: mirlo, Mirlo Comun, Mirlo Común
Estnies: Musträstas
Baskies: Merla , zozo, Zozo arrunta
Fins: Mustarastas, rastas
Färöers: Kverkveggja, kvørkveggja, Kvørkviski
Frans: merle, Merle noir, Merle noir, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
Friulian: mierli
Fries: swarte lyster
Iers: céirseach, lon dobh, Lon Dubh, merlo
Skots-Gaelies: Lon-Dubh
Galicies: Merla , Merlo
Manx: lhondoo
Hebreeus: שחרור
Kroasies: Kos
Hongaars: Fekete rigó, Feketerigó
Armeens: [Sev Kernekh ], Սև Կեռնեխ
Yslands: Svartþ:röstur, Svartþ:röstur, Svartþröstur
Italiaans: Merlo, Merlo comune
Japanees: kuroutadori, Kuro-utadori
Japannees: クロウタドリ
Georgies: შაშვი
Kazakh: Қара сайрақ
Koreaans: 대륙검은지빠귀
Cornish: molgh dhu
wetenskaplike: Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus], Turdus merula, Turdus merula merula
Ladino: merlo
Litaus: juodasis strazdas
Letties: melnais meža strazds
Masedonies: kos, кос, Ќос
Malayalam: കരിങ്കിളി
Maltees: malvizz iswed
Nederlands: Merel
Noors: Solsort, Susvorta, Svarttrost, Svisvorta
Occitaans: mèrle
Pools: kos, Kos zwyczajny
Portugees: melro, melro preto, Melro-preto
Romansh: merlotscha
Romeens: mierla-neagra, mierlă-neagră
Russies: Chyorny Drozd, drozd, дрозд, Дрозд черный, Черный дрозд, Чёрный дрозд
Sardinian: mérula, meurra, picchiaranzu
Scots: lon dubh
Northern Sami: Cáhppesrásttis, čáhppesrásttis
Slowaaks: drozd, Drozd čierny
Sloweens: kos
Albanees: mëllënja
Serwies: Crni kos, kos, кос, Црни кос
Sweeds: Koltrast
Thai: นกเดินดงสีดำ
Turkmeens: karatavuk
Turks: Karatavuk
Ukraïnies: drizd, дрізд, Дрізд чорний , Чорний дрізд
Sorbian, Lower: kos
Sorbian, Upper: kós
Sjinees: 乌 鸫, 乌鸫, 烏鶇, 黑鶇

 

         

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