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Gavià fosc
Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758
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Ordre:
  Charadriiformes
Família:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Larus

Nom científic:
  Larus fuscus

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.136

Protònim:
  Larus fuscus

Avibase ID:
  49025D8B171EFAD7

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176821

Geographic range:

  • Larus fuscus fuscus: N Norway, Sweden, Finland to White Sea; > Africa, sw Asia
  • Larus fuscus intermedius: Denmark to w Norway, locally s to ne Spain; winters to w Africa
  • Larus fuscus graellsii: Iceland, Faeroes, Br. Isles, France, Portugal; winters to w Africa
Source: Clements checklist

Anglès:
  Lesser Black-backed Gull
Txec:
  racek žlutonohý
Alemany:
  Heringsmöwe
Danès:
  Baltisk Sildemåge
Espanyol:
  Gaviota Sombría
Finès:
  selkälokki
Francès:
  Goéland brun
Islandès:
  Sílamáfur
Italià:
  Zafferano
Japonès:
  nishisegurokamome
japonès:
  ニシセグロカモメ
Holandès:
  Kleine Mantelmeeuw
Noruec:
  Sildemåke
Polonès:
  mewa żółtonoga
Portuguès:
  Gaivota-d'asa-escura
Portuguès (Brasil):
  gaivota-da-asa-escura
Rus:
  Клуша
Eslovac:
  čajka tmavá
Suec:
  Silltrut
Xinès:
  小黑背鸥


Autoritats que reconeixen el concept taxonòmic:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Goéland brun ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
James Lee Peters:
    Larus fuscus
James Lee Peters (original):
    Larus fuscus
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Larus fuscus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]

Situació Taxonòmica:

Estatus de l'espècie: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Aquest taxó es considera una subèspecie de Larus [fuscus or heuglini] (sensu lato) per alguns autors

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Taxons relacionats

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7 


Other related concepts
Altres sinònims

Afrikaans: Kleinswartrugmeeu
Àrab: النورس أسود الظهر الصغير
Asturian: Gavilueta Escura, Gaviota Someada
Àzeri: Beligara qağayısı
Bielorús: Чайка-чарнакрылка
Búlgar: Малка черногърба чайка
Bretó: Ar gouelan kein du, Gwelenn kein-du
Català: Gavià fosc, Gavina fosca
Catalan (Balears): Gavina fosca
Txec: Racek žlutonohý
Gallès: Gwylan gefnddu, Gwylan gefnddu leiaf
Danès: Baltisk Sildemåge, Sildemåge
Alemany: Heringsmöve, Heringsmöwe
Grec: Μελανόγλαρος
Anglès: Baltic Gull, Black-backed Gull, Lesser Blackbacked Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Siberian Gull
Esperanto: flavkrura mevo
Espanyol: Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, Gaviota Dorsinegro, Gaviota Siberiana, Gaviota sombria, Gaviota Sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviota sombría
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviota Sombría
Spanish (Costa Rica): Gaviota Dorsinegro
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Gaviota Sombria
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, gaviota sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Venezuela): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor
Estonià: Tommukajakas, Tõmmukajakas
Basc: Gavià fosc, Kaio iluna
Farsi: کاکایی پشت‌سیاه کوچک
Finès: Selkälokki
Feroès: Bidna, Likka
Francès: Goéland brun, Goéland de Scandinavie, Goéland de Sibérie
Irlandès: Droimneach Beag
Gaèlic: Faoileag Bheag, Farspach Bheag
Gallec: Gaivota escura, Gavià fosc
Manx: Foillan Saggyrt
Haitian Creole French: Ti Mòv do nwa
Hebreu: שחף שחור
Hongarès: Heringsirály, Világoshátú heringsirály
Armeni: [Pokr Tzovavoror ], Փոքր Ծովաորոր
Islandès: Sílamáfur
Italià: Zafferano
Japonès: nishi se-guro kamome, nishisegurokamome, Nishi-seguro-kamome
japonès: ニシセグロカモメ
Japanese (Kanji): 西背黒鴎
Georgià: კლუშა-თოლია, შავფრთიანი თოლია
Kazakh: Бозшағала
Coreà: 줄무늬노랑발갈매기
Korean (Transliteration): jul-munui-norang-bal-galmaegi
Cornish: Gwylan keyn du lyha
Llatí: Larus fuscus, Larus fuscus fuscus
Luxemburguès: Kleng Mantelméiw
Lituà: Silkinis kiras
Letó: Reņģu kaija
Macedònic: Морски (Мал црногрб) галеб
Mongol: Бархираа цахлай, Үхэр цахлай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠠᠷᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Transliteration): barkh'raa tsakhlai, ükher tsakhlai
Malai: Burung Camar Cina
Maltès: Gawwija Dahrha Iswed
Holandès: Baltische Mantelmeeuw, Kleine Mantelmeeuw
Noruec: Sildemåke, Sildemåke (graellsii/heuglini)
Polonès: Mewa brytyjska, Mewa pospolita, mewa zóltonoga, mewa żółtonoga
Pinyin: huī-lín ōu, xiǎo hēi-bèi yín-ōu
Portuguès: gaivota de asa escura, Gaivota-d'asa-escura, Gaivota-de-asa-escura, Gaivota-de-asas-escuras
Portuguès (Brasil): gaivota-da-asa-escura
Romansh: Muetta fustga
Romanès: Pescăruş negricios
Rus: Klusha, Клуша, Клуша западная
Northern Sami: Salletgáiru
Eslovac: Čajka tmavá
Eslovè: rjavi galeb, rumenonogi galeb
Albanès: Pulëbardha mesatare shpinëzezë
Serbi: mrki galeb, Мрки галеб
Suec: Silltrut
Suahili: Shakwe Mgongo-mweusi
Tailandès: นกนางนวลหลังดำเล็ก, นกนางนวลหลังดำพันธุ์รัสเชีย
Thai (Transliteration): nók naaŋ-nuan lăŋ-dam lék
Turc: Kara Sırtlı Martı, kara syrtly marty, Karasırtlı Martı, Kara-sırtlı Martı, Küçük Siyah Martı
Ucraïnès: Клуша, Мартин чорнокрилий , Чорнокрилий мартин
Vietnamita: Chim Mòng bể chân vàng, Chim Mòng biển lưng đen nhỏ
Xinès: 小黑背银鸥, 小黑背鸥, 灰林鸥, 烏灰銀鷗
Chinese (Traditional): 小黑背銀鷗, 灰林鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 小黑背鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): 小黑背鸥

 

         

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La traducció i adaptació d'aquesta pàgina al català ha sigut realitzada per Joan Carles Fernández-Ordóñez