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Rook
Corvus frugilegus Linnaeus, 1758
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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Corvidae
Genus:
  Corvus

Scientific:
  Corvus frugilegus

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.105

Protonym:
  Corvus frugilegus

Avibase ID:
  1078FFEA23D9DD25

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179738

Geographic range:

  • Corvus frugilegus frugilegus: W Eurasia; > to North Africa and nw India
  • Corvus frugilegus pastinator: E Asia; > to Korea, Japan and se China
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Rook
Czech:
  havran polní
German:
  Saatkrähe
Danish:
  Råge
Spanish:
  Graja
Finnish:
  mustavaris
French:
  Corbeau freux
Icelandic:
  Bláhrafn
Italian:
  Corvo comune
Japanese:
  miyamagarasu
Japanese:
  ミヤマガラス
Dutch:
  Roek
Norwegian:
  Kornkråke
Polish:
  gawron
Portuguese:
  Gralha-calva
Portuguese (Brazil):
  Rook
Russian:
  Грач
Slovak:
  havran čierny
Swedish:
  råka
Chinese:
  秃鼻乌鸦


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Corbeau freux ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Corbeau freux ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (3/07/2017):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
    Corvus frugilegus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
    Corvus frugilegus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Corvus frugilegus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Rook ( Corvus frugilegus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Corvus frugilegus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Corvus frugilegus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Arabic: غراب القيظ, غراب القيظ غراب
Azerbaijani: Zağca
Belarusian: Грак
Bulgarian: Полска врана, Посевна врана
Breton: Ar vran koad, Bran-goad
Catalan: Gralla, Graula
Catalan (Balears): Graula
Valencian: Gralla
Czech: Havran polní
Chuvash: Курак, Хура курак
Welsh: Brân bigwen, Ydfran
Danish: Råge
German: Saatkraehe, Saatkrahe, Saatkrähe
Greek: Χαβαρόνι
Greek (Cypriot): Χαβαρόνι
Emiliano-romagnolo: Gratùsa
English: Eurasian Rook, Rook
Esperanto: frugilego, kampokorvo
Spanish: Graja, Graja Común, Grajilla daurica
Spanish (Spain): Graja
Estonian: Künnivares
Basque: Graula, Ipar-bele, Ipar-belea
Persian: کلاغ سیاه
Finnish: Mustavaris
Faroese: Felliskráka, Hjaltakráka, Hjaltlandskráka
French: Corbeau freux
Friulian: Çore cenerine, Cornete
Frisian: Roek
Irish: Préachán, Rúach, Rúcach
Gaelic: Creumhach, Ròcais, Rocas, Rocus
Galician: Corvo cereixeiro, Gralla grande, Graula
Manx: Trogh
Hebrew: עורב מזרע
Croatian: Gačac, Vrana gačac
Hungarian: Vetési varjú
Armenian: [Sermnakagh ], Սերմնաքաղ
Icelandic: Bláhrafn
Italian: Corvo, Corvo comune, Corvo eurasiatico, Corvo nero
Japanese: Mi-yama garasu, miyamagarasu, Miyama-garasu, yama-garasu
Japanese: ミヤマガラス, ヤマガラス
Japanese (Kanji): 山烏, 山鴉, 深山烏, 深山鴉
Georgian: ჭილყვავი
Kazakh: Таған + Ақтұмсық қарға, Ұзақ, Шауқарға
Kazakh (Transliteration): tağan
Korean: 떼까마귀
Korean (Transliteration): tte-kkamagwi
Karachay-Balkar: Чаука
Karelian: Nuakku, Nyäkky
Cornish: Bran-dre, Chogha
Latin: Corvus frugilegus, Corvus frugilegus frugilegus, Trypanocorax frugilegus
Luxembourgish: Hierschtkueb
Ladin: Agacion, Cornacia
Lithuanian: Kovas, paprastasis kovas
Latvian: Krauķis, Sējas vārna
Macedonian: Врана гагец, Полска врана
Mongolian: Турлааг, Турлаахь, Турлиах, Турлиах хэрээ
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠲᠣᠷᠯᠢᠶᠠᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠡᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠲᠣᠷᠯᠠᠬ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Турлиах
Mongolian (Transliteration): turlaag, turlaakh', turliakh, turliakh kheree
Maltese: Korvu
Dutch: Roek
Norwegian: Blåkråke, Kornkråke
Occitan: Gralhon
Polish: gawron
Pinyin: tū bí wū-yā, tū bí yā
Portuguese: gralha calva, Gralha-calva
Portuguese (Portugal): Gralha-calva
Romansh: Corv champester, Curnagl grisch, Tulaun
Romanian: Cioară de semănătură
Russian: Grach, Грач
Scots: Creumhach, Rocas, Rocus
Slovak: Havran čierny, havran poľný
Slovenian: poljska vrana
Albanian: Korbi sqepbardhë
Serbian: gacac, gačac, Гачак, Гачац
Swedish: Råka
Turkish: Ekin kargası, ekin kargasy, Таған
Tatar: Çavke
Tuvinian: Бөлүглежир каарган
Ukrainian: Грак
Vietnamese: Quạ đen mũi trọc
Sorbian, Lower: Kawka
Sorbian, Upper: Kawka
Chinese: [tu bi wu-ya], [tu bi ya], 禿鼻烏鴉, 禿鼻鴉, 秃鼻乌鸦
Chinese (Traditional): 禿鼻烏鴉
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 禿鼻鴉
Chinese (Taiwan): 秃鼻鸦

 

         

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