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Lesser Black-backed Gull
Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758
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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Larus

Scientific:
  Larus fuscus

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.136

Protonym:
  Larus fuscus

Avibase ID:
  49025D8B171EFAD7

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176821

Geographic range:

  • Larus fuscus fuscus: N Norway, Sweden, Finland to White Sea; > Africa, sw Asia
  • Larus fuscus intermedius: Denmark to w Norway, locally s to ne Spain; winters to w Africa
  • Larus fuscus graellsii: Iceland, Faeroes, Br. Isles, France, Portugal; winters to w Africa
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Lesser Black-backed Gull
Czech:
  racek žlutonohý
German:
  Heringsmöwe
Danish:
  Baltisk Sildemåge
Spanish:
  Gaviota Sombría
Finnish:
  selkälokki
French:
  Goéland brun
Icelandic:
  Sílamáfur
Italian:
  Zafferano
Japanese:
  nishisegurokamome
Japanese:
  ニシセグロカモメ
Dutch:
  Kleine Mantelmeeuw
Norwegian:
  Sildemåke
Polish:
  mewa żółtonoga
Portuguese:
  Gaivota-d'asa-escura
Portuguese (Brazil):
  gaivota-da-asa-escura
Russian:
  Клуша
Slovak:
  čajka tmavá
Swedish:
  Silltrut
Chinese:
  小黑背鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Goéland brun ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
James Lee Peters:
    Larus fuscus
James Lee Peters (original):
    Larus fuscus
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Larus fuscus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Larus [fuscus or heuglini] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7 


Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Afrikaans: Kleinswartrugmeeu
Arabic: النورس أسود الظهر الصغير
Asturian: Gavilueta Escura, Gaviota Someada
Azerbaijani: Beligara qağayısı
Belarusian: Чайка-чарнакрылка
Bulgarian: Малка черногърба чайка
Breton: Ar gouelan kein du, Gwelenn kein-du
Catalan: Gavià fosc, Gavina fosca
Catalan (Balears): Gavina fosca
Czech: Racek žlutonohý
Welsh: Gwylan gefnddu, Gwylan gefnddu leiaf
Danish: Baltisk Sildemåge, Sildemåge
German: Heringsmöve, Heringsmöwe
Greek: Μελανόγλαρος
English: Baltic Gull, Black-backed Gull, Lesser Blackbacked Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Siberian Gull
Esperanto: flavkrura mevo
Spanish: Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, Gaviota Dorsinegro, Gaviota Siberiana, Gaviota sombria, Gaviota Sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviota sombría
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviota Sombría
Spanish (Costa Rica): Gaviota Dorsinegro
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Gaviota Sombria
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, gaviota sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Venezuela): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor
Estonian: Tommukajakas, Tõmmukajakas
Basque: Gavià fosc, Kaio iluna
Persian: کاکایی پشت‌سیاه کوچک
Finnish: Selkälokki
Faroese: Bidna, Likka
French: Goéland brun, Goéland de Scandinavie, Goéland de Sibérie
Irish: Droimneach Beag
Gaelic: Faoileag Bheag, Farspach Bheag
Galician: Gaivota escura, Gavià fosc
Manx: Foillan Saggyrt
Haitian Creole French: Ti Mòv do nwa
Hebrew: שחף שחור
Hungarian: Heringsirály, Világoshátú heringsirály
Armenian: [Pokr Tzovavoror ], Փոքր Ծովաորոր
Icelandic: Sílamáfur
Italian: Zafferano
Japanese: nishi se-guro kamome, nishisegurokamome, Nishi-seguro-kamome
Japanese: ニシセグロカモメ
Japanese (Kanji): 西背黒鴎
Georgian: კლუშა-თოლია, შავფრთიანი თოლია
Kazakh: Бозшағала
Korean: 줄무늬노랑발갈매기
Korean (Transliteration): jul-munui-norang-bal-galmaegi
Cornish: Gwylan keyn du lyha
Latin: Larus fuscus, Larus fuscus fuscus
Luxembourgish: Kleng Mantelméiw
Lithuanian: Silkinis kiras
Latvian: Reņģu kaija
Macedonian: Морски (Мал црногрб) галеб
Mongolian: Бархираа цахлай, Үхэр цахлай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠠᠷᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Transliteration): barkh'raa tsakhlai, ükher tsakhlai
Malay: Burung Camar Cina
Maltese: Gawwija Dahrha Iswed
Dutch: Baltische Mantelmeeuw, Kleine Mantelmeeuw
Norwegian: Sildemåke, Sildemåke (graellsii/heuglini)
Polish: Mewa brytyjska, Mewa pospolita, mewa zóltonoga, mewa żółtonoga
Pinyin: huī-lín ōu, xiǎo hēi-bèi yín-ōu
Portuguese: gaivota de asa escura, Gaivota-d'asa-escura, Gaivota-de-asa-escura, Gaivota-de-asas-escuras
Portuguese (Brazil): gaivota-da-asa-escura
Romansh: Muetta fustga
Romanian: Pescăruş negricios
Russian: Klusha, Клуша, Клуша западная
Northern Sami: Salletgáiru
Slovak: Čajka tmavá
Slovenian: rjavi galeb, rumenonogi galeb
Albanian: Pulëbardha mesatare shpinëzezë
Serbian: mrki galeb, Мрки галеб
Swedish: Silltrut
Swahili: Shakwe Mgongo-mweusi
Thai: นกนางนวลหลังดำเล็ก, นกนางนวลหลังดำพันธุ์รัสเชีย
Thai (Transliteration): nók naaŋ-nuan lăŋ-dam lék
Turkish: Kara Sırtlı Martı, kara syrtly marty, Karasırtlı Martı, Kara-sırtlı Martı, Küçük Siyah Martı
Ukrainian: Клуша, Мартин чорнокрилий , Чорнокрилий мартин
Vietnamese: Chim Mòng bể chân vàng, Chim Mòng biển lưng đen nhỏ
Chinese: 小黑背银鸥, 小黑背鸥, 灰林鸥, 烏灰銀鷗
Chinese (Traditional): 小黑背銀鷗, 灰林鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 小黑背鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): 小黑背鸥

 

         

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