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Gaviota Sombría
Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758
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Fotografía extraída de flickr.com.


Orden:
  Charadriiformes
Familia:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Larus

Nombre científico:
  Larus fuscus

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.136

Protónimo:
  Larus fuscus

Avibase ID:
  49025D8B171EFAD7

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176821

Geographic range:

  • Larus fuscus fuscus: N Norway, Sweden, Finland to White Sea; > Africa, sw Asia
  • Larus fuscus intermedius: Denmark to w Norway, locally s to ne Spain; winters to w Africa
  • Larus fuscus graellsii: Iceland, Faeroes, Br. Isles, France, Portugal; winters to w Africa
Source: Clements checklist

inglés:
  Lesser Black-backed Gull
checo:
  racek žlutonohý
alemán:
  Heringsmöwe
danés:
  Baltisk Sildemåge
español:
  Gaviota Sombría
finés:
  selkälokki
francés:
  Goéland brun
islandés:
  Sílamáfur
italiano:
  Zafferano
japonés:
  nishisegurokamome
japonés:
  ニシセグロカモメ
holandés:
  Kleine Mantelmeeuw
noruego:
  Sildemåke
polaco:
  mewa żółtonoga
portugués:
  Gaivota-d'asa-escura
portugués (Brasil):
  gaivota-da-asa-escura
ruso:
  Клуша
eslovaco:
  čajka tmavá
sueco:
  Silltrut
chino:
  小黑背鸥


Autoridades que reconocen el concepto taxonómico:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Goéland brun ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
James Lee Peters:
    Larus fuscus
James Lee Peters (original):
    Larus fuscus
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Larus fuscus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]

Situación Taxonómica:

Estatus de la especie: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Este taxón está considerado como una subespecie de Larus [fuscus or heuglini] (sensu lato) por algunos autores

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Taxones relacionados

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7 


Other related concepts
Otros sinónimos

afrikaans: Kleinswartrugmeeu
árabe: النورس أسود الظهر الصغير
Asturian: Gavilueta Escura, Gaviota Someada
azerbaiyano: Beligara qağayısı
bielorruso: Чайка-чарнакрылка
búlgaro: Малка черногърба чайка
bretón: Ar gouelan kein du, Gwelenn kein-du
catalán: Gavià fosc, Gavina fosca
Catalan (Balears): Gavina fosca
checo: Racek žlutonohý
galés: Gwylan gefnddu, Gwylan gefnddu leiaf
danés: Baltisk Sildemåge, Sildemåge
alemán: Heringsmöve, Heringsmöwe
griego: Μελανόγλαρος
inglés: Baltic Gull, Black-backed Gull, Lesser Blackbacked Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Siberian Gull
esperanto: flavkrura mevo
español: Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, Gaviota Dorsinegro, Gaviota Siberiana, Gaviota sombria, Gaviota Sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviota sombría
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviota Sombría
Spanish (Costa Rica): Gaviota Dorsinegro
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Gaviota Sombria
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, gaviota sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Venezuela): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor
estonio: Tommukajakas, Tõmmukajakas
vascuence: Gavià fosc, Kaio iluna
farsi persa: کاکایی پشت‌سیاه کوچک
finés: Selkälokki
faroés feroés: Bidna, Likka
francés: Goéland brun, Goéland de Scandinavie, Goéland de Sibérie
irlandés: Droimneach Beag
Gaélico escocés: Faoileag Bheag, Farspach Bheag
gallego: Gaivota escura, Gavià fosc
manés: Foillan Saggyrt
Haitian Creole French: Ti Mòv do nwa
hebreo: שחף שחור
húngaro: Heringsirály, Világoshátú heringsirály
armenio: [Pokr Tzovavoror ], Փոքր Ծովաորոր
islandés: Sílamáfur
italiano: Zafferano
japonés: nishi se-guro kamome, nishisegurokamome, Nishi-seguro-kamome
japonés: ニシセグロカモメ
Japanese (Kanji): 西背黒鴎
georgiano: კლუშა-თოლია, შავფრთიანი თოლია
kazajio: Бозшағала
coreano: 줄무늬노랑발갈매기
Korean (Transliteration): jul-munui-norang-bal-galmaegi
córnico: Gwylan keyn du lyha
latín: Larus fuscus, Larus fuscus fuscus
luxemburgués: Kleng Mantelméiw
lituano: Silkinis kiras
letón: Reņģu kaija
macedonio: Морски (Мал црногрб) галеб
mongol: Бархираа цахлай, Үхэр цахлай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠠᠷᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Transliteration): barkh'raa tsakhlai, ükher tsakhlai
malayo: Burung Camar Cina
maltés: Gawwija Dahrha Iswed
holandés: Baltische Mantelmeeuw, Kleine Mantelmeeuw
noruego: Sildemåke, Sildemåke (graellsii/heuglini)
polaco: Mewa brytyjska, Mewa pospolita, mewa zóltonoga, mewa żółtonoga
Pinyin: huī-lín ōu, xiǎo hēi-bèi yín-ōu
portugués: gaivota de asa escura, Gaivota-d'asa-escura, Gaivota-de-asa-escura, Gaivota-de-asas-escuras
portugués (Brasil): gaivota-da-asa-escura
Romansh: Muetta fustga
rumano: Pescăruş negricios
ruso: Klusha, Клуша, Клуша западная
Sami del Nord : Salletgáiru
eslovaco: Čajka tmavá
esloveno: rjavi galeb, rumenonogi galeb
albanés: Pulëbardha mesatare shpinëzezë
serbio: mrki galeb, Мрки галеб
sueco: Silltrut
suajili: Shakwe Mgongo-mweusi
tailandés: นกนางนวลหลังดำเล็ก, นกนางนวลหลังดำพันธุ์รัสเชีย
Thai (Transliteration): nók naaŋ-nuan lăŋ-dam lék
turco: Kara Sırtlı Martı, kara syrtly marty, Karasırtlı Martı, Kara-sırtlı Martı, Küçük Siyah Martı
ucraniano: Клуша, Мартин чорнокрилий , Чорнокрилий мартин
vietnamita: Chim Mòng bể chân vàng, Chim Mòng biển lưng đen nhỏ
chino: 小黑背银鸥, 小黑背鸥, 灰林鸥, 烏灰銀鷗
Chinese (Traditional): 小黑背銀鷗, 灰林鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 小黑背鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): 小黑背鸥

 

         

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