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Goéland brun
Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758
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Ordre:
  Charadriiformes
Famille:
  Laridae
Genre:
  Larus

scientifique:
  Larus fuscus

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Référence:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.136

Protonyme:
  Larus fuscus

Avibase ID:
  49025D8B171EFAD7

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176821

Geographic range:

  • Larus fuscus fuscus: N Norway, Sweden, Finland to White Sea; > Africa, sw Asia
  • Larus fuscus intermedius: Denmark to w Norway, locally s to ne Spain; winters to w Africa
  • Larus fuscus graellsii: Iceland, Faeroes, Br. Isles, France, Portugal; winters to w Africa
Source: Clements checklist

anglais:
  Lesser Black-backed Gull
tchèque:
  racek žlutonohý
allemand:
  Heringsmöwe
danois:
  Baltisk Sildemåge
espagnol:
  Gaviota Sombría
finnois:
  selkälokki
français:
  Goéland brun
islandais:
  Sílamáfur
italien:
  Zafferano
japonais:
  nishisegurokamome
japonais:
  ニシセグロカモメ
néerlandais:
  Kleine Mantelmeeuw
norvégien:
  Sildemåke
polonais:
  mewa żółtonoga
portugais:
  Gaivota-d'asa-escura
portugais (Brésil):
  gaivota-da-asa-escura
russe:
  Клуша
slovaque:
  čajka tmavá
suédois:
  Silltrut
chinois:
  小黑背鸥


Autorités reconnaissant ce concept taxonomique:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Goéland brun ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
James Lee Peters:
    Larus fuscus
James Lee Peters (original):
    Larus fuscus
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Larus fuscus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]

Statut taxinomique:

Statut de l'espèce: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Ce taxon est considéré comme une sous-espèce de Larus [fuscus or heuglini] (sensu lato) par certains auteurs

Vos observations

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Taxons apparentés

Arrangements alternatifs: 1  2  3  4  5  6  7 


Autres concepts apparentés
Autres synonymes

afrikaans: Kleinswartrugmeeu
arabe: النورس أسود الظهر الصغير
asturien: Gavilueta Escura, Gaviota Someada
azéri: Beligara qağayısı
biélorusse: Чайка-чарнакрылка
bulgare: Малка черногърба чайка
breton: Ar gouelan kein du, Gwelenn kein-du
catalan: Gavià fosc, Gavina fosca
Catalan (Balears): Gavina fosca
tchèque: Racek žlutonohý
gallois: Gwylan gefnddu, Gwylan gefnddu leiaf
danois: Baltisk Sildemåge, Sildemåge
allemand: Heringsmöve, Heringsmöwe
grec: Μελανόγλαρος
anglais: Baltic Gull, Black-backed Gull, Lesser Blackbacked Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Siberian Gull
espéranto: flavkrura mevo
espagnol: Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, Gaviota Dorsinegro, Gaviota Siberiana, Gaviota sombria, Gaviota Sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviota sombría
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviota Sombría
Spanish (Costa Rica): Gaviota Dorsinegro
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Gaviota Sombria
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, gaviota sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Venezuela): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor
estonien: Tommukajakas, Tõmmukajakas
basque: Gavià fosc, Kaio iluna
perse: کاکایی پشت‌سیاه کوچک
finnois: Selkälokki
féroïen: Bidna, Likka
français: Goéland brun, Goéland de Scandinavie, Goéland de Sibérie
irlandais: Droimneach Beag
gaélique: Faoileag Bheag, Farspach Bheag
galicien: Gaivota escura, Gavià fosc
manx; mannois: Foillan Saggyrt
Haitian Creole French: Ti Mòv do nwa
hébreu: שחף שחור
hongrois: Heringsirály, Világoshátú heringsirály
arménien: [Pokr Tzovavoror ], Փոքր Ծովաորոր
islandais: Sílamáfur
italien: Zafferano
japonais: nishi se-guro kamome, nishisegurokamome, Nishi-seguro-kamome
japonais: ニシセグロカモメ
Japanese (Kanji): 西背黒鴎
géorgien: კლუშა-თოლია, შავფრთიანი თოლია
kazakh: Бозшағала
coréen: 줄무늬노랑발갈매기
Korean (Transliteration): jul-munui-norang-bal-galmaegi
cornique: Gwylan keyn du lyha
latin: Larus fuscus, Larus fuscus fuscus
luxembourgeois: Kleng Mantelméiw
lituanien: Silkinis kiras
letton: Reņģu kaija
macédonien: Морски (Мал црногрб) галеб
mongol: Бархираа цахлай, Үхэр цахлай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠠᠷᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Transliteration): barkh'raa tsakhlai, ükher tsakhlai
malais: Burung Camar Cina
maltais: Gawwija Dahrha Iswed
néerlandais: Baltische Mantelmeeuw, Kleine Mantelmeeuw
norvégien: Sildemåke, Sildemåke (graellsii/heuglini)
polonais: Mewa brytyjska, Mewa pospolita, mewa zóltonoga, mewa żółtonoga
Pinyin: huī-lín ōu, xiǎo hēi-bèi yín-ōu
portugais: gaivota de asa escura, Gaivota-d'asa-escura, Gaivota-de-asa-escura, Gaivota-de-asas-escuras
portugais (Brésil): gaivota-da-asa-escura
Romansh: Muetta fustga
roumain: Pescăruş negricios
russe: Klusha, Клуша, Клуша западная
sami du Nord: Salletgáiru
slovaque: Čajka tmavá
slovène: rjavi galeb, rumenonogi galeb
albanais: Pulëbardha mesatare shpinëzezë
serbe: mrki galeb, Мрки галеб
suédois: Silltrut
swahili: Shakwe Mgongo-mweusi
thaï: นกนางนวลหลังดำเล็ก, นกนางนวลหลังดำพันธุ์รัสเชีย
Thai (Transliteration): nók naaŋ-nuan lăŋ-dam lék
turc: Kara Sırtlı Martı, kara syrtly marty, Karasırtlı Martı, Kara-sırtlı Martı, Küçük Siyah Martı
ukrainien: Клуша, Мартин чорнокрилий , Чорнокрилий мартин
vietnamien: Chim Mòng bể chân vàng, Chim Mòng biển lưng đen nhỏ
chinois: 小黑背银鸥, 小黑背鸥, 灰林鸥, 烏灰銀鷗
Chinese (Traditional): 小黑背銀鷗, 灰林鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 小黑背鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): 小黑背鸥

 

         

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