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Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird (Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus]) Linnaeus, 1758
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Urutan:
  Passeriformes
Keluarga:
  Turdidae

Ilmiah:
  Turdus merula
Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Protonym:
  Turdus Merula

Avibase ID:
  1BB50DE8362A4963

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179757

Geographic range:

  • Turdus merula merula: W Europe; introd. se Australia, Tasmania, Norfolk, Lord Howe is.
  • Turdus merula cabrerae: Madeira and w Canary Islands
  • Turdus merula aterrimus: SE Europe to Crete, Rhodes, Caucasus, Transcaucasia and n Iran
  • Turdus merula syriacus: S Turkey to Syria, n Iraq and s Iran
  • Turdus merula mauritanicus: North Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Turdus merula azorensis: Azores
  • Turdus mandarinus mandarinus: W-central China (Guizhou)
  • Turdus mandarinus sowerbyi: SW China (Sichuan)
  • Turdus mandarinus intermedius: C Asia to ne Afghanistan, Pamirs and Xinjiang; winters to s Iraq
  • Turdus simillimus simillimus: SW India (Mysore and w Madras)
  • Turdus simillimus bourdilloni: SW India (Kerala)
  • Turdus simillimus nigropileus: W Ghats (Gujarat to Mysore) and Nilgiri Plateau of s central India
  • Turdus simillimus spencei: E Ghats (Madhya Pradesh to Seshachalam Hills) of e India
  • Turdus simillimus kinnisii: Hills of Sri Lanka
  • Turdus maximus: W Pakistan and India to Sikkim, Bhutan and se Tibet
  • Show more...
Source: Clements checklist 2012

Inggris:
  Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird
Ceko:
  kos černý
Jerman:
  Amsel
bahasa Denmark:
  Solsort
Spanyol:
  Mirlo Común
Finlandia:
  mustarastas
Perancis:
  Merle noir, M. de Chine, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
Islandia:
  Svartþröstur
Italia:
  Merlo
Jepang:
  kuroutadori
bahasa Jepang:
  クロウタドリ
Belanda:
  Merel
Norwegia:
  Svarttrost
Polandia:
  kos
Portugis:
  Melro-preto
Rusia:
  Чёрный дрозд
Slovak:
  drozd čierny
Swedia:
  Koltrast
Mandarin:
  乌鸫


Pihak berwenang mengakui konsep taksonomi:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Avibase taxonomic concepts:
   Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts (May 2014):
   Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Merle noir ( Turdus merula)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Merle noir ( Turdus merula)
Clements 1st edition:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 3rd edition:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 4th edition:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
eBird version 1.50:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Oriental Bird Club:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
James Lee Peters:
    Turdus merula
James Lee Peters (original):
    Turdus merula
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Turdus merula
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Turdus merula

Kedudukan penggolongan/ taksonomi:

Kedudukan jenis/ spesies: this taxon has now been split

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Terkait taksa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 


Nama-muradif/ sinonim lainnya

Arab: الشحرور
Asturian: Miruellu, Ñerbatu
Azerbaijan: Qara qaratoyuğu
Belarusia: drozd, дрозд, Чорны дрозд
Bulgaria: kos, Кос
Breton: Ar voualc’h du, Ar voualc'h du, moualc'h zu
Katalan: Merla, Merla vulgar, Mèrlera, tord negre
Catalan (Balears): Mèrlera
Ceko: drozd černý, kos, Kos cerný, Kos černý, kos èerný
Wales: Aderyn du, Merwys, mwyalchen, Mwyalchen yr iâr, Pigfelen
bahasa Denmark: Solsort
Jerman: Amsel
Yunani: (Κοινός) Κότσυφας, kotsifas, Κότσυφας
Inggris: Blackbird, Common Blackbird, Eurasian Blackbird, Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird, Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird, European Blackbird
Esperanto: merlo
Spanyol: mirlo, Mirlo Comun, Mirlo Común
Estonia: Musträstas
Basque: Merla , zozo, Zozo arrunta
Finlandia: Mustarastas, rastas
Faro: Kverkveggja, kvørkveggja, Kvørkviski
Perancis: merle, Merle noir, Merle noir, M. de Chine, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya, Merle noir, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
Friulian: mierli
Frisia: swarte lyster
Irlandia: céirseach, lon dobh, Lon Dubh, merlo
Gaelik: Lon-Dubh
Galisia: Merla , Merlo
Manx: lhondoo
Ibrani: שחרור
Kroasia: Kos
Hungaria: Fekete rigó, Feketerigó
Armenia: [Sev Kernekh ], Սև Կեռնեխ
Islandia: Svartþ:röstur, Svartþ:röstur, Svartþröstur
Italia: Merlo, Merlo comune
Jepang: kuroutadori, Kuro-utadori
bahasa Jepang: クロウタドリ
Georgia: შაშვი
Kazakh: Қара сайрақ
Korea: 대륙검은지빠귀
Korni: molgh dhu
Latin: Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus], Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus], Turdus merula, Turdus merula merula
Ladino: merlo
Lituania: juodasis strazdas
Latvia: melnais meža strazds
Makedonia: kos, кос, Ќос
Malayalam: കരിങ്കിളി
Malta: malvizz iswed
Belanda: Merel
Norwegia: Solsort, Susvorta, Svarttrost, Svisvorta
Oksitan: mèrle
Polandia: kos, Kos zwyczajny
Portugis: melro, melro preto, Melro-preto
Romansh: merlotscha
Romania: mierla-neagra, mierlă-neagră
Rusia: Chyorny Drozd, drozd, дрозд, Дрозд черный, Черный дрозд, Чёрный дрозд
Sardinia: mérula, meurra, picchiaranzu
Scots: lon dubh
Northern Sami: Cáhppesrásttis, čáhppesrásttis
Slovak: drozd, Drozd čierny
Slovenia: kos
Albani: mëllënja
Serbia: Crni kos, kos, кос, Црни кос
Swedia: Koltrast
Thailand: นกเดินดงสีดำ
Turkmen: karatavuk
Turki: Karatavuk
Ukrainia: drizd, дрізд, Дрізд чорний , Чорний дрізд
Sorbian, Lower: kos
Sorbian, Upper: kós
Mandarin: 乌 鸫, 乌鸫, 烏鶇, 黑鶇

 

         

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