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Gaivota-d'asa-escura
Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758
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ordem:
  Charadriiformes
família:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Larus

científico:
  Larus fuscus

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.136

Protonym:
  Larus fuscus

Avibase ID:
  49025D8B171EFAD7

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176821

Geographic range:

  • Larus fuscus fuscus: N Norway, Sweden, Finland to White Sea; > Africa, sw Asia
  • Larus fuscus intermedius: Denmark to w Norway, locally s to ne Spain; winters to w Africa
  • Larus fuscus graellsii: Iceland, Faeroes, Br. Isles, France, Portugal; winters to w Africa
Source: Clements checklist

inglês:
  Lesser Black-backed Gull
Checo:
  racek žlutonohý
alemão:
  Heringsmöwe
dinamarquês:
  Baltisk Sildemåge
espanhol:
  Gaviota Sombría
finlandês:
  selkälokki
francês:
  Goéland brun
Islândico:
  Sílamáfur
italiano:
  Zafferano
Japonês:
  nishisegurokamome
japonês:
  ニシセグロカモメ
neerlandês:
  Kleine Mantelmeeuw
Norueguês:
  Sildemåke
Polonês:
  mewa żółtonoga
português:
  Gaivota-d'asa-escura
Portuguęs (Brasil):
  gaivota-da-asa-escura
Russo:
  Клуша
Eslovaco:
  čajka tmavá
Sueco:
  Silltrut
Mandarim:
  小黑背鸥


Autoridades reconhecendo esse conceito taxonômico:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Goéland brun ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
James Lee Peters:
    Larus fuscus
James Lee Peters (original):
    Larus fuscus
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Larus fuscus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Lesser Black-backed Gull ( Larus fuscus) [version 2]

Estatuto taxonómico:

Estatuto específico: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Este taxon é considerado uma subespécie de Larus [fuscus or heuglini] (sensu lato) por alguns autores

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táxons relacionados

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7 


Other related concepts
Outros sinónimos

Afrikaans: Kleinswartrugmeeu
Árabe : النورس أسود الظهر الصغير
Asturian: Gavilueta Escura, Gaviota Someada
Azerbaijão: Beligara qağayısı
Belarusian: Чайка-чарнакрылка
Búlgaro: Малка черногърба чайка
Bretão: Ar gouelan kein du, Gwelenn kein-du
Catalan: Gavià fosc, Gavina fosca
Catalan (Balears): Gavina fosca
Checo: Racek žlutonohý
Galês: Gwylan gefnddu, Gwylan gefnddu leiaf
dinamarquês: Baltisk Sildemåge, Sildemåge
alemão: Heringsmöve, Heringsmöwe
Grego: Μελανόγλαρος
inglês: Baltic Gull, Black-backed Gull, Lesser Blackbacked Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, Siberian Gull
Esperanto: flavkrura mevo
espanhol: Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, Gaviota Dorsinegro, Gaviota Siberiana, Gaviota sombria, Gaviota Sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviota sombría
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviota Sombría
Spanish (Costa Rica): Gaviota Dorsinegro
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Gaviota Sombria
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor, gaviota sombría, gaviota sombría menor
Spanish (Venezuela): Gaviota Dorsinegra Menor
Estoniano: Tommukajakas, Tõmmukajakas
Basco: Gavià fosc, Kaio iluna
Persa: کاکایی پشت‌سیاه کوچک
finlandês: Selkälokki
Faroês: Bidna, Likka
francês: Goéland brun, Goéland de Scandinavie, Goéland de Sibérie
Irlandês: Droimneach Beag
Gaélico: Faoileag Bheag, Farspach Bheag
Galego: Gaivota escura, Gavià fosc
Manx: Foillan Saggyrt
Haitian Creole French: Ti Mòv do nwa
Hebraico: שחף שחור
Húngaro: Heringsirály, Világoshátú heringsirály
Armênio: [Pokr Tzovavoror ], Փոքր Ծովաորոր
Islândico: Sílamáfur
italiano: Zafferano
Japonês: nishi se-guro kamome, nishisegurokamome, Nishi-seguro-kamome
japonês: ニシセグロカモメ
Japanese (Kanji): 西背黒鴎
Georgiano: კლუშა-თოლია, შავფრთიანი თოლია
Cazaque: Бозшағала
Coreano: 줄무늬노랑발갈매기
Korean (Transliteration): jul-munui-norang-bal-galmaegi
Cornish: Gwylan keyn du lyha
Latim: Larus fuscus, Larus fuscus fuscus
Luxemburguês: Kleng Mantelméiw
Lituano: Silkinis kiras
Latviano: Reņģu kaija
Macedônio: Морски (Мал црногрб) галеб
Mongolês: Бархираа цахлай, Үхэр цахлай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠠᠷᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Transliteration): barkh'raa tsakhlai, ükher tsakhlai
Malaio: Burung Camar Cina
Maltês: Gawwija Dahrha Iswed
neerlandês: Baltische Mantelmeeuw, Kleine Mantelmeeuw
Norueguês: Sildemåke, Sildemåke (graellsii/heuglini)
Polonês: Mewa brytyjska, Mewa pospolita, mewa zóltonoga, mewa żółtonoga
Pinyin: huī-lín ōu, xiǎo hēi-bèi yín-ōu
português: gaivota de asa escura, Gaivota-d'asa-escura, Gaivota-de-asa-escura, Gaivota-de-asas-escuras
Portuguęs (Brasil): gaivota-da-asa-escura
Romansh: Muetta fustga
Romeno: Pescăruş negricios
Russo: Klusha, Клуша, Клуша западная
Northern Sami: Salletgáiru
Eslovaco: Čajka tmavá
Esloveno: rjavi galeb, rumenonogi galeb
Albanês: Pulëbardha mesatare shpinëzezë
Sérvio: mrki galeb, Мрки галеб
Sueco: Silltrut
Suaíli: Shakwe Mgongo-mweusi
Tailandês: นกนางนวลหลังดำเล็ก, นกนางนวลหลังดำพันธุ์รัสเชีย
Thai (Transliteration): nók naaŋ-nuan lăŋ-dam lék
Turco: Kara Sırtlı Martı, kara syrtly marty, Karasırtlı Martı, Kara-sırtlı Martı, Küçük Siyah Martı
Ucraniano: Клуша, Мартин чорнокрилий , Чорнокрилий мартин
Vietnamita: Chim Mòng bể chân vàng, Chim Mòng biển lưng đen nhỏ
Mandarim: 小黑背银鸥, 小黑背鸥, 灰林鸥, 烏灰銀鷗
Chinese (Traditional): 小黑背銀鷗, 灰林鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 小黑背鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): 小黑背鸥

 

         

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A tradução desta página para português foi feita por Gonçalo Elias