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Koltrast (Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus]) Linnaeus, 1758
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Ordning:
  Passeriformes
Familj:
  Turdidae

Vetenskapligt:
  Turdus merula
Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Protonym:
  Turdus Merula

Avibase ID:
  1BB50DE8362A4963

Taxomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179757

Geographic range:

  • Turdus merula merula: W Europe; introd. se Australia, Tasmania, Norfolk, Lord Howe is.
  • Turdus merula cabrerae: Madeira and w Canary Islands
  • Turdus merula aterrimus: SE Europe to Crete, Rhodes, Caucasus, Transcaucasia and n Iran
  • Turdus merula syriacus: S Turkey to Syria, n Iraq and s Iran
  • Turdus merula mauritanicus: North Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Turdus merula azorensis: Azores
  • Turdus mandarinus mandarinus: W-central China (Guizhou)
  • Turdus mandarinus sowerbyi: SW China (Sichuan)
  • Turdus mandarinus intermedius: C Asia to ne Afghanistan, Pamirs and Xinjiang; winters to s Iraq
  • Turdus simillimus simillimus: SW India (Mysore and w Madras)
  • Turdus simillimus bourdilloni: SW India (Kerala)
  • Turdus simillimus nigropileus: W Ghats (Gujarat to Mysore) and Nilgiri Plateau of s central India
  • Turdus simillimus spencei: E Ghats (Madhya Pradesh to Seshachalam Hills) of e India
  • Turdus simillimus kinnisii: Hills of Sri Lanka
  • Turdus maximus: W Pakistan and India to Sikkim, Bhutan and se Tibet
  • Show more...
Source: Clements checklist 2012

Engelska:
  Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird
tjeckiska:
  kos černý
Tyska:
  Amsel
danska:
  Solsort
Spanska:
  Mirlo Común
Finska:
  mustarastas
Franska:
  Merle noir, M. de Chine, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
Isländska:
  Svartþröstur
Italienska:
  Merlo
Japanesisk:
  kuroutadori
japanska:
  クロウタドリ
Holländska:
  Merel
norska:
  Svarttrost
polska:
  kos
Portugisiska:
  Melro-preto
ryska:
  Чёрный дрозд
slovakiska:
  drozd čierny
Svenska:
  Koltrast
kinesiska:
  乌鸫


Myndigheterna erkänner denna taxonomiska begrepp:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   European Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Avibase taxonomic concepts:
   Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts (May 2014):
   Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird ( Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Merle noir ( Turdus merula)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Merle noir ( Turdus merula)
Clements 1st edition:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 3rd edition:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 4th edition:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
eBird version 1.50:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Common Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Oriental Bird Club:
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
James Lee Peters:
    Turdus merula
James Lee Peters (original):
    Turdus merula
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Turdus merula
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Eurasian Blackbird ( Turdus merula)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Turdus merula

Taxonomisk status:

Artstatus: this taxon has now been split

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Relaterade taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 


Andra synonymer

arabiska: الشحرور
Asturian: Miruellu, Ñerbatu
azerbajdzjanska: Qara qaratoyuğu
belarusiska: drozd, дрозд, Чорны дрозд
bulgariska: kos, Кос
Bretonska: Ar voualc’h du, Ar voualc'h du, moualc'h zu
Catalan: Merla, Merla vulgar, Mèrlera, tord negre
Catalan (Balears): Mèrlera
tjeckiska: drozd černý, kos, Kos cerný, Kos černý, kos èerný
walesiska      : Aderyn du, Merwys, mwyalchen, Mwyalchen yr iâr, Pigfelen
danska: Solsort
Tyska: Amsel
grekiska: (Κοινός) Κότσυφας, kotsifas, Κότσυφας
Engelska: Blackbird, Common Blackbird, Eurasian Blackbird, Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird, Eurasian, Indian or Tibetan Blackbird, European Blackbird
esperanto: merlo
Spanska: mirlo, Mirlo Comun, Mirlo Común
estniska: Musträstas
baskiska: Merla , zozo, Zozo arrunta
Finska: Mustarastas, rastas
färöiska: Kverkveggja, kvørkveggja, Kvørkviski
Franska: merle, Merle noir, Merle noir, M. de Chine, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya, Merle noir, M. des Nilgiri ou M. de l'Himalaya
Friulian: mierli
frisiska: swarte lyster
irländska: céirseach, lon dobh, Lon Dubh, merlo
skotska: Lon-Dubh
galiciska: Merla , Merlo
Manx: lhondoo
hebreiska: שחרור
kroatiska: Kos
ungerska: Fekete rigó, Feketerigó
Armeniska: [Sev Kernekh ], Սև Կեռնեխ
Isländska: Svartþ:röstur, Svartþ:röstur, Svartþröstur
Italienska: Merlo, Merlo comune
Japanesisk: kuroutadori, Kuro-utadori
japanska: クロウタドリ
georgiska: შაშვი
Kazakiska: Қара сайрақ
koreanska: 대륙검은지빠귀
Corniska: molgh dhu
latin: Turdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus], Turdus [merula, simillimus or maximus], Turdus merula, Turdus merula merula
Ladino: merlo
litauiska: juodasis strazdas
lettiska: melnais meža strazds
makedoniska: kos, кос, Ќос
malayalam: കരിങ്കിളി
maltesiska: malvizz iswed
Holländska: Merel
norska: Solsort, Susvorta, Svarttrost, Svisvorta
occitanska: mèrle
polska: kos, Kos zwyczajny
Portugisiska: melro, melro preto, Melro-preto
Romansh: merlotscha
rumänska: mierla-neagra, mierlă-neagră
ryska: Chyorny Drozd, drozd, дрозд, Дрозд черный, Черный дрозд, Чёрный дрозд
Sardiska: mérula, meurra, picchiaranzu
Scots: lon dubh
Nordsamiska: Cáhppesrásttis, čáhppesrásttis
slovakiska: drozd, Drozd čierny
slovenska: kos
albanska: mëllënja
serbiska: Crni kos, kos, кос, Црни кос
Svenska: Koltrast
thailändska: นกเดินดงสีดำ
Turkmenska: karatavuk
turkiska: Karatavuk
ukrainska: drizd, дрізд, Дрізд чорний , Чорний дрізд
Sorbian, Lower: kos
Sorbian, Upper: kós
kinesiska: 乌 鸫, 乌鸫, 烏鶇, 黑鶇

 

         

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