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Azerbaijan

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Azerbaijan , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2024

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Country or region: Azerbaijan [map]

Other names: Republic of Azerbaijan

Number of species: 422
Number of introduced species: 1
Date last reviewed: 2020-03-01
Last modified: 2024-03-18
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GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Arctic LoonGavia arctica

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Pygmy CormorantPhalacrocorax pygmaeus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ardeidae

Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Great BitternBotaurus stellaris

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
CICONIIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Mute SwanCygnus olor
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Bean GooseAnser fabalisRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropus
Greylag GooseAnser anser
Snow GooseChen caerulescensRare/Accidental
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollis
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian TealAnas crecca
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostris
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous PochardAythya nyroca
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental
Black ScoterMelanitta nigraRare/Accidental
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisIntroduced species
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephala

 
FALCONIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Accipitridae

European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Pallas's Fish-EagleHaliaeetus leucoryphusRare/Accidental
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
LammergeierGypaetus barbatus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Western Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourus
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
ShikraAccipiter badius
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Eurasian BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Lesser Spotted EagleAquila pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleAquila clanga
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Imperial EagleAquila heliaca
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciatus
Booted EagleAquila pennatus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinus
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrug
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
GALLIFORMES: Tetraonidae

Caucasian GrouseTetrao mlokosiewiczi

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Caucasian SnowcockTetraogallus caucasicus
Caspian SnowcockTetraogallus caspius
ChukarAlectoris chukar
See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularisRare/Accidental
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgo
Siberian CraneGrus leucogeranusRare/Accidental
Common CraneGrus grus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water RailRallus aquaticus
Corn CrakeCrex crex
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tarda
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueenii
Little BustardTetrax tetrax

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanni

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged PloverVanellus spinosusRare/Accidental
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicusRare/Accidental
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregarius
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Snowy PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Lesser SandploverCharadrius mongolus
Greater SandploverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago media
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
DunlinCalidris alpina
Broad-billed SandpiperLimicola falcinellus
RuffPhilomachus pugnax
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Mew GullLarus canus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Heuglin's GullLarus heuglini
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Steppe GullLarus barabensis
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Great Black-headed GullLarus ichthyaetus
Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus
Slender-billed GullLarus genei
Mediterranean GullLarus melanocephalus
Little GullLarus minutus
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Sternidae

Gull-billed TernSterna nilotica
Caspian TernSterna caspia
Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensis
Common TernSterna hirundo
Little TernSterna albifrons
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridus
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black TernChlidonias niger

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxusRare/Accidental
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchataRare/Accidental
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock PigeonColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
Eurasian Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensisRare/Accidental

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Little OwlAthene noctua
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos medius
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
White-winged LarkMelanocorypha leucoptera
Black LarkMelanocorypha yeltoniensisRare/Accidental
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgulaRare/Accidental
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

White WagtailMotacilla alba
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoni
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hypocoliidae

HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Winter WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Radde's AccentorPrunella ocularis
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Dark-throated ThrushTurdus ruficollis
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Streaked Scrub-WarblerScotocerca inquietaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti
Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevia
Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Blyth's Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Booted WarblerHippolais caligata
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerHippolais pallida
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus sindianus
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarzi
Lemon-rumped WarblerPhylloscopus proregulusRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental
Hume's WarblerPhylloscopus humeiRare/Accidental
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides
BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia crassirostris
Menetries's WarblerSylvia mystacea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Taiga FlycatcherFicedula albicilla
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusRare/Accidental
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
White-winged RedstartPhoenicurus erythrogaster
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maura
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Pied BushchatSaxicola caprataRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Red-tailed WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paradoxornithidae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Caspian TitPoecile hyrcana
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Great TitParus major
Turkestan TitParus bokharensis
Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer
Persian NuthatchSitta tephronota

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus
Black-headed Penduline-TitRemiz macronyx

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Rufous-tailed ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactesRare/Accidental
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Common RavenCorvus corax
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Gray-hooded BuntingEmberiza buchanani
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineracea
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaRare/Accidental
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rustica
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureola
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Red-headed BuntingEmberiza brunicepsRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicusRare/Accidental
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
Great RosefinchCarpodacus rubicilla
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
European GreenfinchCarduelis chloris
Common RedpollCarduelis flammeaRare/Accidental
Eurasian SiskinCarduelis spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
TwiteCarduelis flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
Fire-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
European SerinSerinus serinus
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguinea
Mongolian FinchRhodopechys mongolica
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githaginea
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoletaRare/Accidental
Long-tailed RosefinchUragus sibiricusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis

 

References (partial list)

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