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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Western Sahara

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Western Sahara , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2021

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Country or region: Western Sahara [map]

Number of species: 352
Number of globally threatened species: 18
Date last reviewed: 2016-07-01
Last modified: 2020-10-04
See also: https://www.africanbirdclub.org/countries/checklists/download
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Hypotheticals

 
STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae

OstrichStruthio camelus

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Common LoonGavia immerRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Fea's PetrelPterodroma feaeRare/Accidental
Madeira PetrelPterodroma madeiraRare/Accidental
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiRare/Accidental
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Cape Verde ShearwaterCalonectris edwardsiiRare/Accidental
Greater ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseus
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicus
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus
Masked BoobySula dactylatraRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
Long-tailed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ardeidae

Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Great BitternBotaurus stellarisRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis
Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
CICONIIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

WaldrappGeronticus eremita
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoenicopterus minorRare/Accidental

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Greylag GooseAnser anserRare/Accidental
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadornaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian TealAnas crecca
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostris
Red-crested PochardNetta rufinaRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Ferruginous PochardAythya nyrocaRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
Black ScoterMelanitta nigra
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Accipitridae

European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
LammergeierGypaetus barbatus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelliiRare/Accidental
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotusRare/Accidental
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Western Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusRare/Accidental
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabatesRare/Accidental
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Eurasian BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisRare/Accidental
Spanish EagleAquila adalbertiRare/Accidental
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciatus
Booted EagleAquila pennatus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusRare/Accidental
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrugRare/Accidental
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoides
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Barbary PartridgeAlectoris barbara
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water RailRallus aquaticus
African CrakeCrecopsis egregiaRare/Accidental
Corn CrakeCrex crex
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristataRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Otididae

Arabian BustardArdeotis arabsRare/Accidental
Houbara BustardChlamydotis undulata

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Snowy PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
DunlinCalidris alpina
Broad-billed SandpiperLimicola falcinellusRare/Accidental
RuffPhilomachus pugnax
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Audouin's GullLarus audouinii
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Kelp GullLarus dominicanusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Great Black-headed GullLarus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Gray-headed GullLarus cirrocephalusRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus
Slender-billed GullLarus genei
Bonaparte's GullLarus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullLarus melanocephalus
Laughing GullLarus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLarus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Little GullLarus minutus
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Sternidae

Gull-billed TernSterna nilotica
Caspian TernSterna caspia
Lesser Crested TernSterna bengalensis
Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensis
Royal TernSterna maxima
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Little TernSterna albifrons
Bridled TernSterna anaethetus
Sooty TernSterna fuscataRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridus
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black TernChlidonias niger

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Common MurreUria aalgeRare/Accidental
RazorbillAlca tordaRare/Accidental
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaRare/Accidental

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensisRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Little OwlAthene noctua
Long-eared OwlAsio otusRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollis
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptiusRare/Accidental
Golden NightjarCaprimulgus eximiusRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Common SwiftApus apus
Plain SwiftApus unicolorRare/Accidental
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

White-throated Bee-eaterMerops albicollisRare/Accidental
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicusRare/Accidental
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigriceps
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cincturus
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Dunn's LarkEremalauda dunni
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Thekla LarkGalerida theklae
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

White WagtailMotacilla alba
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Rock PipitAnthus petrosusRare/Accidental
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

FirecrestRegulus ignicapillusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilarisRare/Accidental
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Streaked Scrub-WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Cricket LongtailSpiloptila clamans

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti
Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevia
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogonRare/Accidental
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicola
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerHippolais pallida
Western Olivaceous WarblerHippolais opaca
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericus
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental
BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia currucaRare/Accidental
African Desert WarblerSylvia deserti
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata
Tristram's WarblerSylvia deserticola
Dartford WarblerSylvia undataRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Atlas FlycatcherFicedula speculigeraRare/Accidental
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollisRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Moussier's RedstartPhoenicurus moussieri
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
White-tailed WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
Black WheatearOenanthe leucura
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Timaliidae

Fulvous ChattererTurdoides fulvus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Great TitParus major
African Blue TitCyanistes teneriffae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegala

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Pied CrowCorvus albusRare/Accidental
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
Rock BuntingEmberiza ciaRare/Accidental
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
House BuntingEmberiza striolata
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
European GreenfinchCarduelis chloris
Eurasian SiskinCarduelis spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
European SerinSerinus serinus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githaginea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Desert SparrowPasser simplex
Sudan Golden-SparrowPasser luteusRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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