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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Libya

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Libya , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2021

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Country or region: Libya [map]

Number of species: 359
Number of globally threatened species: 16
Number of introduced species: 1
Date last reviewed: 2016-07-01
Last modified: 2021-06-07
See also: https://www.africanbirdclub.org/countries/checklists/index.html
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STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae

OstrichStruthio camelusExtirpated

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicus
Levantine ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouan

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelisRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ardeidae

Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Great BitternBotaurus stellaris

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigraRare/Accidental
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
CICONIIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Greylag GooseAnser anserRare/Accidental
BrantBranta bernicla
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian TealAnas crecca
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostris
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous PochardAythya nyroca
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Black ScoterMelanitta nigraRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
SmewMergellus albellusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Common MerganserMergus merganser
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Accipitridae

European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
Red KiteMilvus milvusRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvusRare/Accidental
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotusRare/Accidental
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Western Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourus
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisRare/Accidental
Eurasian BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental
Lesser Spotted EagleAquila pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleAquila clangaRare/Accidental
Imperial EagleAquila heliacaRare/Accidental
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciatus
Booted EagleAquila pennatus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinus
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolor
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrug
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoides
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Barbary PartridgeAlectoris barbara
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water RailRallus aquaticus
Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Striped CrakeAenigmatolimnas marginalisRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Otididae

Houbara BustardChlamydotis undulata
Little BustardTetrax tetrax

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Egyptian PloverPluvianus aegyptiusRare/Accidental
Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanni

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged PloverVanellus spinosusRare/Accidental
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurusRare/Accidental
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Snowy PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Lesser SandploverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Greater SandploverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticusRare/Accidental
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago media
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Broad-billed SandpiperLimicola falcinellus
RuffPhilomachus pugnax
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skuaRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Mew GullLarus canus
Audouin's GullLarus audouinii
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Armenian GullLarus armenicusRare/Accidental
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Great Black-headed GullLarus ichthyaetus
Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus
Slender-billed GullLarus genei
Mediterranean GullLarus melanocephalus
Franklin's GullLarus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Little GullLarus minutus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Sternidae

Gull-billed TernSterna nilotica
Caspian TernSterna caspia
Lesser Crested TernSterna bengalensis
Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensis
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Little TernSterna albifrons
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridus
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black TernChlidonias niger

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock PigeonColumba oenasRare/Accidental
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameri

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Little OwlAthene noctua
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollisRare/Accidental
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Green Bee-eaterMerops orientalis
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus
Abyssinian RollerCoracias abyssinicaRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cincturus
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Dupont's LarkChersophilus duponti
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Thekla LarkGalerida theklae
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

White WagtailMotacilla alba
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
FirecrestRegulus ignicapillus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Winter WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacusRare/Accidental
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Streaked Scrub-WarblerScotocerca inquieta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevia
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogonRare/Accidental
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaRare/Accidental
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
African Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerHippolais pallida
Western Olivaceous WarblerHippolais opaca
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglottaRare/Accidental
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalisRare/Accidental
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisRare/Accidental
BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
African Desert WarblerSylvia deserti
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoriaRare/Accidental
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia crassirostris
Rueppell's WarblerSylvia rueppelli
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata
Tristram's WarblerSylvia deserticola
Dartford WarblerSylvia undataRare/Accidental
Marmora's WarblerSylvia sarda

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquataRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia lusciniaRare/Accidental
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Moussier's RedstartPhoenicurus moussieri
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
White-tailed WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
Black WheatearOenanthe leucura
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschiiRare/Accidental
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaRare/Accidental
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Red-tailed WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymnaRare/Accidental
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Timaliidae

Fulvous ChattererTurdoides fulvus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

African Blue TitCyanistes teneriffae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Rufous-tailed ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicusRare/Accidental
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegala

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Carrion CrowCorvus coroneRare/Accidental
Pied CrowCorvus albusRare/Accidental
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Fan-tailed RavenCorvus rhipidurusRare/Accidental
Common RavenCorvus corax
Hooded CrowCorvus cornixRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolorRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlusRare/Accidental
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesiaRare/Accidental
House BuntingEmberiza striolata
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
European GreenfinchCarduelis chloris
Eurasian SiskinCarduelis spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
European SerinSerinus serinus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githaginea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Desert SparrowPasser simplex
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia

 

References (partial list)

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