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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Syria

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Syria , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2021

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Country or region: Syria [map]

Other names: Syrian Arab Republic

Number of species: 408
Number of globally threatened species: 24
Number of introduced species: 2
Date last reviewed: 2020-03-01
Last modified: 2021-03-13
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STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae

OstrichStruthio camelus

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaRare/Accidental
Levantine ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouan

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelisRare/Accidental
Pygmy CormorantPhalacrocorax pygmaeus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ardeidae

Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Goliath HeronArdea goliath
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Great BitternBotaurus stellarisRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
CICONIIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

WaldrappGeronticus eremita
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusRare/Accidental
Greylag GooseAnser anser
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisRare/Accidental
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacus
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian TealAnas crecca
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostris
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous PochardAythya nyroca
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisIntroduced species
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephala

 
FALCONIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Accipitridae

European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
LammergeierGypaetus barbatus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusRare/Accidental
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotusRare/Accidental
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Western Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourus
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisRare/Accidental
Eurasian BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental
Lesser Spotted EagleAquila pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleAquila clanga
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Imperial EagleAquila heliaca
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciatusRare/Accidental
Booted EagleAquila pennatus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinus
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolorRare/Accidental
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Laggar FalconFalco juggerRare/Accidental
Saker FalconFalco cherrug
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoides
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

ChukarAlectoris chukar
See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularisRare/Accidental
Sand PartridgeAmmoperdix heyiRare/Accidental
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgoRare/Accidental
Common CraneGrus grus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water RailRallus aquaticus
Corn CrakeCrex crex
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tarda
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueenii
Little BustardTetrax tetrax

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanni

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged PloverVanellus spinosus
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicusRare/Accidental
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregarius
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Snowy PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Greater SandploverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticusRare/Accidental
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago media
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
DunlinCalidris alpina
Broad-billed SandpiperLimicola falcinellusRare/Accidental
RuffPhilomachus pugnax
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Mew GullLarus canus
Audouin's GullLarus audouinii
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Heuglin's GullLarus heuglini
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Great Black-headed GullLarus ichthyaetus
Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus
Slender-billed GullLarus genei
Mediterranean GullLarus melanocephalus
Little GullLarus minutus
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Sternidae

Gull-billed TernSterna nilotica
Caspian TernSterna caspia
Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensis
Common TernSterna hirundo
Little TernSterna albifrons
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridus
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black TernChlidonias niger

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock PigeonColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
Eurasian Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensis

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Pallid Scops-OwlOtus brucei
European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Brown Fish-OwlKetupa zeylonensis
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Hume's OwlStrix butleri
Little OwlAthene noctua
Boreal OwlAegolius funereusRare/Accidental
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptiusRare/Accidental
Nubian NightjarCaprimulgus nubicusRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus
Indian RollerCoracias benghalensisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos medius
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cincturus
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbeyRare/Accidental
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Dunn's LarkEremalauda dunni
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

White WagtailMotacilla alba
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus
White-spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygos
White-cheeked BulbulPycnonotus leucogenys

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulusRare/Accidental
FirecrestRegulus ignicapillusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Winter WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collarisRare/Accidental
Radde's AccentorPrunella ocularisRare/Accidental
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Streaked Scrub-WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti
Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naeviaRare/Accidental
Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricolaRare/Accidental
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Blyth's Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorumRare/Accidental
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Clamorous Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus
Basra Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus griseldisRare/Accidental
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerHippolais pallida
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalis
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesRare/Accidental
BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Asian Desert WarblerSylvia nana
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia crassirostris
Rueppell's WarblerSylvia rueppelli
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Menetries's WarblerSylvia mystacea
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusRare/Accidental
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maura
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
White-tailed WheatearOenanthe leucopygaRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Cyprus WheatearOenanthe cypriaca
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Red-tailed WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymnaRare/Accidental
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
BlackstartCercomela melanura

 
PASSERIFORMES: Timaliidae

Iraq BabblerTurdoides altirostris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paradoxornithidae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Great TitParus major
Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Palestine SunbirdCinnyris oseus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Rufous-tailed ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Fan-tailed RavenCorvus rhipidurus
Common RavenCorvus corax
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Gray-hooded BuntingEmberiza buchananiRare/Accidental
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineracea
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesia
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinusRare/Accidental
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
European GreenfinchCarduelis chloris
Eurasian SiskinCarduelis spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
TwiteCarduelis flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
Fire-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
European SerinSerinus serinus
Syrian SerinSerinus syriacus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustesRare/Accidental
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguinea
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githaginea
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Chestnut-shouldered PetroniaPetronia xanthocollis
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla

 

References (partial list)

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