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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Socotra Archipelago

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Socotra Archipelago , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2021

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Country or region: Socotra Archipelago [map]

Other names: Socotra

Description: Includes Abd al Kuri, Samhah, and Darsa

Number of species: 221
Number of endemics: 6
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of introduced species: 1
Date last reviewed: 2021-07-13
Last modified: 2021-03-13
See also: http://www.friendsofsoqotra.org/docs/rporter/2009_birdlist.doc
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PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxBreeding endemic
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus
Persian ShearwaterPuffinus persicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropica
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallaria

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboRare/Accidental
Socotra CormorantPhalacrocorax nigrogularis
Long-tailed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Anhingidae

DarterAnhinga melanogasterRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minorRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ardeidae

Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretEgretta intermediaRare/Accidental
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Indian Pond-HeronArdeola grayii
Madagascar Pond-HeronArdeola idaeRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Striated HeronButorides striataRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental
Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensisRare/Accidental
Little BitternIxobrychus minutusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

White StorkCiconia ciconiaRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicusRare/Accidental
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodiaRare/Accidental

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Cotton Pygmy-gooseNettapus coromandelianusRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian TealAnas crecca
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Common PochardAythya ferinaRare/Accidental
Ferruginous PochardAythya nyrocaRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Accipitridae

Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
Western Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosusRare/Accidental
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BuzzardButeo buteo
Booted EagleAquila pennatusRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Amur FalconFalco amurensisRare/Accidental
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteoRare/Accidental
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoidesRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorgueiRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water RailRallus aquaticusRare/Accidental
Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
Little CrakePorzana parvaRare/Accidental
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaRare/Accidental
WatercockGallicrex cinereaRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atraRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Otididae

Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed JacanaHydrophasianus chirurgusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab PloverDromas ardeolaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Snowy PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Lesser SandploverCharadrius mongolus
Greater SandploverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusRare/Accidental
Pintail SnipeGallinago stenura
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusRare/Accidental
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
DunlinCalidris alpina
Broad-billed SandpiperLimicola falcinellusRare/Accidental
RuffPhilomachus pugnax
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

White-eyed GullLarus leucophthalmus
Sooty GullLarus hemprichii
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Heuglin's GullLarus heuglini
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Steppe GullLarus barabensis
Great Black-headed GullLarus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus
Slender-billed GullLarus geneiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Sternidae

Gull-billed TernSterna nilotica
Caspian TernSterna caspia
Lesser Crested TernSterna bengalensis
Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensis
Great Crested TernSterna bergii
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
Saunders's TernSterna saundersi
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Bridled TernSterna anaethetus
Sooty TernSterna fuscata
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridus
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Lichtenstein's SandgrousePterocles lichtensteinii

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensisRare/Accidental
Bruce's Green-PigeonTreron waalia

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Pied CuckooClamator jacobinusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceaRare/Accidental
White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

African Scops-OwlOtus senegalensis
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptiusRare/Accidental
Nubian NightjarCaprimulgus nubicus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Himalayan SwiftletAerodramus brevirostrisRare/Accidental
Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melbaRare/Accidental
Forbes-Watson's SwiftApus berliozi
Little SwiftApus affinisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus
Abyssinian RollerCoracias abyssinicaRare/Accidental
Indian RollerCoracias benghalensisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

HoopoeUpupa epopsRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigriceps
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

White WagtailMotacilla alba
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialisRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilisRare/Accidental
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
Dark-throated ThrushTurdus ruficollisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Socotra CisticolaCisticola haesitatusEndemic
Socotra WarblerIncana incanusEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceusRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusRare/Accidental
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybitaRare/Accidental
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixRare/Accidental
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communisRare/Accidental
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Small WhitethroatSylvia minulaRare/Accidental
Margelanic WhitethroatSylvia margelanicaRare/Accidental
Menetries's WarblerSylvia mystaceaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striataRare/Accidental
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosRare/Accidental
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochrurosRare/Accidental
Siberian StonechatSaxicola mauraRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugensRare/Accidental
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Socotra SunbirdChalcomitra balfouriEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

White-breasted White-eyeZosterops abyssinicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioRare/Accidental
Rufous-tailed ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

House CrowCorvus splendensExtirpated
Pied CrowCorvus albusRare/Accidental
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental
Somali StarlingOnychognathus blythii
Socotra StarlingOnychognathus fraterEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulanaRare/Accidental
Cinnamon-breasted BuntingEmberiza tahapisi
Socotra BuntingEmberiza socotranaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Golden-winged GrosbeakRhynchostruthus socotranus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Socotra SparrowPasser insularisEndemic

 

References (partial list)

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