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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Northwest Territories

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Northwest Territories , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 63rd suppl.). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Northwest Territories [map]

Note: The AOU checklist only covers North American birds.

Number of species: 296
Number of globally threatened species: 8
Number of extinct species: 1
Number of introduced species: 2
Date last reviewed: 2020-02-20
Last modified: 2022-08-16
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Ross's GooseAnser rossii
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
BrantBranta bernicla
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
American Black DuckAnas rubripesRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaNear-threatened
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
White-winged ScoterMelanitta deglandi
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaNear-threatened
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
Spruce GrouseCanachites canadensis
Willow PtarmiganLagopus lagopus
Rock PtarmiganLagopus muta
White-tailed PtarmiganLagopus leucura
Dusky GrouseDendragapus obscurus
Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellus

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusVulnerable
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoRare/Accidental
Passenger PigeonEctopistes migratoriusRare/Accidental Extinct
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor

 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubrisRare/Accidental
Calliope HummingbirdSelasphorus calliopeRare/Accidental
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

SoraPorzana carolina
American CootFulica americana
Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensis

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis
Whooping CraneGrus americanaEndangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisCritically endangered (possibly extinct)
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusNear-threatened
SurfbirdCalidris virgataRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisNear-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
WilletTringa semipalmataRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Common MurreUria aalgeRare/Accidental
Thick-billed MurreUria lomvia
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaVulnerable
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaNear-threatened
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Black-tailed GullLarus crassirostrisRare/Accidental
Short-billed GullLarus brachyrhynchus
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Common LoonGavia immer
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsiiNear-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostrisRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantNannopterum auritumRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental

 
CATHARTIFORMES: Cathartidae

Black VultureCoragyps atratusRare/Accidental
Turkey VultureCathartes auraRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Northern HarrierCircus hudsonius
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperiiRare/Accidental
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusRare/Accidental
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusVulnerable
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Barred OwlStrix varia
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosa
Long-eared OwlAsio otusRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
American Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides dorsalis
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus
Downy WoodpeckerDryobates pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascensRare/Accidental
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitusRare/Accidental
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulus
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondiiRare/Accidental
Dusky FlycatcherEmpidonax oberholseriRare/Accidental
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Northern ShrikeLanius borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Canada JayPerisoreus canadensis
Blue JayCyanocitta cristataRare/Accidental
Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Boreal ChickadeePoecile hudsonicus
Gray-headed ChickadeePoecile cinctus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Kamchatka Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus examinandusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletCorthylio calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Brown CreeperCerthia americanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensisRare/Accidental
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

American DipperCinclus mexicanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius
Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Eastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla tschutschensisRare/Accidental
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinereaRare/Accidental
American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinusVulnerable
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Gray-crowned Rosy-FinchLeucosticte tephrocotis
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusRare/Accidental
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Hoary RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Smith's LongspurCalcarius pictus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusRare/Accidental
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
American Tree SparrowSpizelloides arborea
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querulaNear-threatened
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
LeConte's SparrowAmmospiza leconteii
Nelson's SparrowAmmospiza nelsoni
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaRare/Accidental
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusVulnerable
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quisculaNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataNear-threatened
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendiRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoenaRare/Accidental
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaRare/Accidental
DickcisselSpiza americanaRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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