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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Madeira

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Madeira , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2018. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2018

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Country or region: Madeira [map]

Description: Includes Madeira, Porto Santo, Desertas and Salvage Islands

Number of species: 353
Number of endemics: 2
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 10
Number of extinct species: 1
Number of introduced species: 10
Date last reviewed: 2018-07-08
Last modified: 2018-09-22
See also: https://www.africanbirdclub.org/countries/checklists/download
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Graylag GooseAnser anserRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalisRare/Accidental
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusRare/Accidental
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadornaRare/Accidental
Muscovy DuckCairina moschataIntroduced species
Wood DuckAix sponsaRare/Accidental
GarganeySpatula querquedulaRare/Accidental
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeataRare/Accidental
GadwallMareca streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acutaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Yellow-billed TealAnas flavirostrisRare/Accidental
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Common PochardAythya ferinaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
Common ScoterMelanitta nigraRare/Accidental
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusExtirpated
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufaIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Gray PartridgePerdix perdixRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollisRare/Accidental
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsRare/Accidental
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenasRare/Accidental
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbusRare/Accidental
Trocaz PigeonColumba trocazEndemic
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turturVulnerable
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Little BustardTetrax tetraxRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental
Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollisRare/Accidental
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Alpine SwiftApus melbaRare/Accidental
Common SwiftApus apus
Plain SwiftApus unicolor
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinisRare/Accidental
White-rumped SwiftApus cafferRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water RailRallus aquaticusRare/Accidental
Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
SoraPorzana carolinaRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Lesser MoorhenGallinula angulataRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atra
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaRare/Accidental
Western SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrioRare/Accidental
Little CrakeZapornia parvaRare/Accidental
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusillaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusRare/Accidental
Canarian OystercatcherHaematopus meadewaldoiRare/Accidental Extinct

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricariaRare/Accidental
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusNear-threatened
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusRare/Accidental
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusNear-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckiiRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritimaRare/Accidental
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusRare/Accidental
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusRare/Accidental
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Common RedshankTringa totanusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursorRare/Accidental
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alleRare/Accidental
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus geneiRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Common LoonGavia immer

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropicaRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Zino's PetrelPterodroma madeiraBreeding endemic Endangered
Fea's PetrelPterodroma feae
Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitataRare/Accidental
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Cape Verde ShearwaterCalonectris edwardsiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravis
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroli
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigraRare/Accidental
White StorkCiconia ciconiaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Brown BoobySula leucogasterRare/Accidental
Northern GannetMorus bassanusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboRare/Accidental
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellarisRare/Accidental
Little BitternIxobrychus minutusRare/Accidental
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Green HeronButorides virescensRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violaceaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodiaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusRare/Accidental Endangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorusRare/Accidental
Short-toed Snake-EagleCircaetus gallicusRare/Accidental
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatusRare/Accidental
Tawny EagleAquila rapaxRare/Accidental
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosusRare/Accidental
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargusRare/Accidental
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Red KiteMilvus milvusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eurasian Scops-OwlOtus scopsRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicusRare/Accidental
European Bee-eaterMerops apiasterRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusRare/Accidental

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquillaRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanniRare/Accidental
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonoraeRare/Accidental
MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteoRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusRare/Accidental

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioRare/Accidental
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senatorRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedulaRare/Accidental
RookCorvus frugilegusRare/Accidental
Hooded CrowCorvus cornixRare/Accidental
Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactylaRare/Accidental
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandraRare/Accidental
Lesser Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Wood LarkLullula arboreaRare/Accidental
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestrisRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaRare/Accidental
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
Madeira FirecrestRegulus madeirensisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixRare/Accidental
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelliRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusRare/Accidental
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybitaRare/Accidental
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericusRare/Accidental
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesRare/Accidental
Two-barred WarblerPhylloscopus plumbeitarsusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglottaRare/Accidental
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusRare/Accidental
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustrisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatusRare/Accidental
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilisRare/Accidental
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naeviaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borinRare/Accidental
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia currucaRare/Accidental
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensisRare/Accidental
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communisRare/Accidental
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striataRare/Accidental
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotesRare/Accidental
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosRare/Accidental
BluethroatLuscinia svecicaRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleucaRare/Accidental
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurusRare/Accidental
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochrurosRare/Accidental
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilisRare/Accidental
WhinchatSaxicola rubetraRare/Accidental
European StonechatSaxicola rubicolaRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiRare/Accidental
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellinaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorusRare/Accidental
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosRare/Accidental
RedwingTurdus iliacusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilarisRare/Accidental
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularisRare/Accidental
Red-throated ThrushTurdus ruficollisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolorRare/Accidental
Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisRare/Accidental
Greater Blue-eared StarlingLamprotornis chalybaeusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaRare/Accidental
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestrisRare/Accidental
Berthelot's PipitAnthus berthelotii
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Tree PipitAnthus trivialisRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
Rock PipitAnthus petrosusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustesRare/Accidental
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineusRare/Accidental
European GreenfinchChloris chlorisIntroduced species
Eurasian LinnetLinaria cannabina
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Parrot CrossbillLoxia pytyopsittacusRare/Accidental
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostraRare/Accidental
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European SerinSerinus serinusRare/Accidental
Island CanarySerinus canaria
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Corn BuntingEmberiza calandraRare/Accidental
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulanaRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclusRare/Accidental
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

American RedstartSetophaga ruticillaRare/Accidental
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusRare/Accidental
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensisIntroduced species
Rock SparrowPetronia petronia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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