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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Madagascar

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Madagascar , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2020

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Country or region: Madagascar [map]

Number of species: 310
Number of endemics: 108
Number of breeding endemics: 2
Number of globally threatened species: 38
Number of extinct species: 2
Number of introduced species: 7
Date last reviewed: 2016-07-01
Last modified: 2020-05-23
See also: https://www.africanbirdclub.org/countries/checklists/download
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GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Madagascan PartridgeMargaroperdix madagarensisEndemic
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling DuckDendrocygna viduata
Fulvous Whistling DuckDendrocygna bicolor
White-backed DuckThalassornis leuconotus
Knob-billed DuckSarkidiornis melanotos
African Pygmy GooseNettapus auritus
Hottentot TealSpatula hottentota
Meller's DuckAnas melleriEndemic Endangered
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Red-billed TealAnas erythrorhyncha
Bernier's TealAnas bernieriEndemic Endangered
Madagascan PochardAythya innotataEndemic Critically endangered

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Collared NightjarGactornis enarratusEndemic
Madagascan NightjarCaprimulgus madagascariensis

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Madagascan SpinetailZoonavena grandidieri
Malagasy Palm SwiftCypsiurus gracilis
Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
African Black SwiftApus barbatus
Malagasy Black SwiftApus balstoni
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Malagasy CoucalCentropus toulou
Snail-eating CouaCoua delalandeiEndemic Extinct
Crested CouaCoua cristataEndemic
Verreaux's CouaCoua verreauxiEndemic
Blue CouaCoua caeruleaEndemic
Red-capped CouaCoua ruficepsEndemic
Red-fronted CouaCoua reynaudiiEndemic
Coquerel's CouaCoua coquereliEndemic
Running CouaCoua cursorEndemic
Giant CouaCoua gigasEndemic
Red-breasted CouaCoua serrianaEndemic
Thick-billed CuckooPachycoccyx audeberti
Madagascan CuckooCuculus rochiiBreeding endemic

 
MESITORNITHIFORMES: Mesitornithidae

White-breasted MesiteMesitornis variegatusEndemic Vulnerable
Brown MesiteMesitornis unicolorEndemic Vulnerable
Subdesert MesiteMonias benschiEndemic Vulnerable

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Madagascan SandgrousePterocles personatusEndemic

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
Malagasy Turtle DoveNesoenas picturatus
Namaqua DoveOena capensis
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species
Madagascan Green PigeonTreron australisEndemic
Madagascan Blue PigeonAlectroenas madagascariensisEndemic

 
GRUIFORMES: Sarothruridae

Madagascan Wood RailMentocrex kioloidesEndemic
Tsingy Wood RailMentocrex beankaensisEndemic Near-threatened
Madagascan FlufftailSarothrura insularisEndemic
Slender-billed FlufftailSarothrura watersiEndemic Endangered

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Madagascan RailRallus madagascariensisEndemic Vulnerable
White-throated RailDryolimnas cuvieri
Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleni
African SwamphenPorphyrio madagascariensis
Sakalava RailZapornia olivieriEndemic Endangered
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusilla
Little CrakeZapornia parvaRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Alaotra GrebeTachybaptus rufolavatusEndemic Extinct
Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Madagascan GrebeTachybaptus pelzelniiEndemic Endangered

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoeniconaias minorNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Madagascan ButtonquailTurnix nigricollisEndemic

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusRare/Accidental
Madagascan PloverCharadrius thoracicusEndemic Vulnerable
Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuarius
Three-banded PloverCharadrius tricollaris
White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatus
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultii

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-snipeRostratula benghalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Madagascan JacanaActophilornis albinuchaEndemic Near-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Eurasian WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
RuffCalidris pugnax
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Madagascan SnipeGallinago macrodactylaEndemic Vulnerable
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab-ploverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarumRare/Accidental
Madagascan PratincoleGlareola ocularisBreeding endemic Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostris
Grey-headed GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichiiRare/Accidental
Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Saunders's TernSternula saundersi
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Common TernSterna hirundo
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
SPHENISCIFORMES: Spheniscidae

Southern Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes chrysocomeRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Northern Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes moseleyiRare/Accidental Endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm PetrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm PetrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental
White-bellied Storm PetrelFregetta grallaria
Black-bellied Storm PetrelFregetta tropica

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulansRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisRare/Accidental
Salvin's AlbatrossThalassarche salviniVulnerable
Indian Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche carteriEndangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant PetrelMacronectes giganteus
Cape PetrelDaption capenseRare/Accidental
Broad-billed PrionPachyptila vittataRare/Accidental
Salvin's PrionPachyptila salviniRare/Accidental
Great-winged PetrelPterodroma macroptera
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollis
Barau's PetrelPterodroma barauiEndangered
Scopoli's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris borealis
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipesNear-threatened
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis
African OpenbillAnastomus lamelligerus

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatraRare/Accidental
Red-footed BoobySula sula
Brown BoobySula leucogaster

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufa

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Reed CormorantMicrocarbo africanus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicusRare/Accidental
Malagasy Sacred IbisThreskiornis bernieriEndangered
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Madagascan IbisLophotibis cristataEndemic Near-threatened
African SpoonbillPlatalea alba

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Striated HeronButorides striata
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Malagasy Pond HeronArdeola idaeEndangered
Western Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Humblot's HeronArdea humblotiEndemic Endangered
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca
Western Reef HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Dimorphic EgretEgretta dimorpha

 
PELECANIFORMES: Scopidae

HamerkopScopus umbretta

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescensRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

Western OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typus
Madagascan Harrier-HawkPolyboroides radiatusEndemic
Madagascan Serpent EagleEutriorchis asturEndemic Endangered
Madagascan Cuckoo-HawkAviceda madagascariensisEndemic
Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinus
Long-crested EagleLophaetus occipitalisRare/Accidental
Frances's SparrowhawkAccipiter francesiae
Madagascan SparrowhawkAccipiter madagascariensisEndemic Near-threatened
Henst's GoshawkAccipiter henstiiEndemic Near-threatened
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosusRare/Accidental
Malagasy HarrierCircus macroscelesEndangered
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Yellow-billed KiteMilvus aegyptius
Madagascan Fish EagleHaliaeetus vociferoidesEndemic Critically endangered
Madagascan BuzzardButeo brachypterusEndemic

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Red OwlTyto soumagneiEndemic Vulnerable
Western Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

African Scops OwlOtus senegalensisRare/Accidental
Torotoroka Scops OwlOtus madagascariensisEndemic
Rainforest Scops OwlOtus rutilusEndemic
White-browed OwlAthene superciliarisEndemic
Madagascan OwlAsio madagascariensisEndemic
Marsh OwlAsio capensis

 
LEPTOSOMIFORMES: Leptosomidae

Cuckoo RollerLeptosomus discolor

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Madagascan HoopoeUpupa marginataEndemic

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Brachypteraciidae

Short-legged Ground RollerBrachypteracias leptosomusEndemic Vulnerable
Scaly Ground RollerGeobiastes squamigerEndemic Vulnerable
Pitta-like Ground RollerAtelornis pittoidesEndemic
Rufous-headed Ground RollerAtelornis crossleyiEndemic Near-threatened
Long-tailed Ground RollerUratelornis chimaeraEndemic Vulnerable

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Madagascan Pygmy KingfisherCorythornis madagascariensisEndemic
Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
Malagasy KingfisherCorythornis vintsioides

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Olive Bee-eaterMerops superciliosus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiasterRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Malagasy KestrelFalco newtoni
Banded KestrelFalco zoniventrisEndemic
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolorVulnerable
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Greater Vasa ParrotCoracopsis vasa
Lesser Vasa ParrotCoracopsis nigra
Grey-headed LovebirdAgapornis canusEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Philepittidae

Schlegel's AsityPhilepitta schlegeliEndemic Near-threatened
Velvet AsityPhilepitta castaneaEndemic
Common Sunbird-AsityNeodrepanis coruscansEndemic
Yellow-bellied Sunbird-AsityNeodrepanis hypoxanthaEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vangidae

Red-tailed VangaCalicalicus madagascariensisEndemic
Red-shouldered VangaCalicalicus rufocarpalisEndemic Vulnerable
Hook-billed VangaVanga curvirostrisEndemic
Bernier's VangaOriolia bernieriEndemic Endangered
Lafresnaye's VangaXenopirostris xenopirostrisEndemic
Van Dam's VangaXenopirostris damiiEndemic Endangered
Pollen's VangaXenopirostris polleniEndemic Near-threatened
Sickle-billed VangaFalculea palliataEndemic
White-headed VangaArtamella viridisEndemic
Chabert VangaLeptopterus chabertEndemic
Blue VangaCyanolanius madagascarinus
Rufous VangaSchetba rufaEndemic
Helmet VangaEuryceros prevostiiEndemic Endangered
Tylas VangaTylas eduardiEndemic
Nuthatch VangaHypositta corallirostrisEndemic
Dark NewtoniaNewtonia amphichroaEndemic
Common NewtoniaNewtonia brunneicaudaEndemic
Archbold's NewtoniaNewtonia archboldiEndemic
Red-tailed NewtoniaNewtonia fanovanaeEndemic Vulnerable
Ward's FlycatcherPseudobias wardiEndemic
Crossley's VangaMystacornis crossleyiEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Madagascan CuckooshrikeCeblepyris cinereusEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Crested DrongoDicrurus forficatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Malagasy Paradise FlycatcherTerpsiphone mutata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

House CrowCorvus splendensRare/Accidental
Pied CrowCorvus albus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Madagascan LarkEremopterix hovaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Malagasy BulbulHypsipetes madagascariensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Mascarene MartinPhedina borbonica
Brown-throated MartinRiparia paludicola
Sand MartinRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental
Common House MartinDelichon urbicumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Malagasy Brush WarblerNesillas typica
Subdesert Brush WarblerNesillas lantziiEndemic
Madagascan Swamp WarblerAcrocephalus newtoniEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Grey EmutailBradypterus seebohmiEndemic
Brown EmutailBradypterus brunneusEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bernieridae

White-throated OxylabesOxylabes madagascariensisEndemic
Long-billed BernieriaBernieria madagascariensisEndemic
Cryptic WarblerCryptosylvicola randrianasoloiEndemic
Wedge-tailed JeryHartertula flavoviridisEndemic Near-threatened
ThamnornisThamnornis chloropetoidesEndemic
Spectacled TetrakaXanthomixis zosteropsEndemic
Appert's TetrakaXanthomixis appertiEndemic Vulnerable
Dusky TetrakaXanthomixis tenebrosaEndemic Vulnerable
Grey-crowned TetrakaXanthomixis cinereicepsNear-threatened
Madagascan YellowbrowCrossleyia xanthophrysEndemic Near-threatened
Rand's WarblerRandia pseudozosteropsEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Common JeryNeomixis tenellaEndemic
Green JeryNeomixis viridisEndemic
Stripe-throated JeryNeomixis striatigulaEndemic
Madagascan CisticolaCisticola cherina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Malagasy White-eyeZosterops maderaspatanus
Aldabra White-eyeZosterops aldabrensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinereaRare/Accidental
Madagascan StarlingHartlaubius auratusEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Madagascan Magpie-RobinCopsychus albospecularisEndemic
Littoral Rock ThrushMonticola imerinaEndemic
Forest Rock ThrushMonticola sharpei
Madagascan StonechatSaxicola sibilla
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Souimanga SunbirdCinnyris sovimanga
Malagasy Green SunbirdCinnyris notatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Nelicourvi WeaverPloceus nelicourviEndemic
Sakalava WeaverPloceus sakalavaEndemic
Red FodyFoudia madagascariensisEndemic
Forest FodyFoudia omissaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Madagascan MannikinLepidopygia nanaEndemic
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Madagascan WagtailMotacilla flaviventrisEndemic

 

References (partial list)

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