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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Western Palearctic

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Western Palearctic , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows IOC World Bird Names, version 14.1. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2024

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Country or region: Western Palearctic [map]

Number of species: 1216
Number of endemics: 2
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of introduced species: 37
Date last reviewed: 2016-03-02
Last modified: 2024-03-21
See also: http://www.netfugl.dk/wplist.php
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STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae

Common OstrichStruthio camelusExtirpated

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling DuckDendrocygna viduataRare/Accidental
Fulvous Whistling DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Lesser Whistling DuckDendrocygna javanicaRare/Accidental
Brant GooseBranta bernicla
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollis
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsis
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Bar-headed GooseAnser indicusIntroduced species
Emperor GooseAnser canagicusIntroduced species
Ross's GooseAnser rossiiRare/Accidental
Snow GooseAnser caerulescensRare/Accidental
Greylag GooseAnser anser
Swan GooseAnser cygnoides
Taiga Bean GooseAnser fabalis
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchus
Tundra Bean GooseAnser serrirostris
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropus
Black SwanCygnus atratusIntroduced species
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Spur-winged GoosePlectropterus gambensisRare/Accidental
Knob-billed DuckSarkidiornis melanotosRare/Accidental
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiaca
Upland GooseChloephaga pictaIntroduced species
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
South African ShelduckTadorna canaIntroduced species
Muscovy DuckCairina moschataIntroduced species
Wood DuckAix sponsaRare/Accidental
Mandarin DuckAix galericulata
Cotton Pygmy GooseNettapus coromandelianusRare/Accidental
Baikal TealSibirionetta formosa
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsRare/Accidental
Cape ShovelerSpatula smithiiRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Falcated DuckMareca falcata
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americana
Indian Spot-billed DuckAnas poecilorhyncha
Eastern Spot-billed DuckAnas zonorhynchaIntroduced species
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
American Black DuckAnas rubripesRare/Accidental
Cape TealAnas capensisRare/Accidental
Red-billed TealAnas erythrorhynchaRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Eurasian TealAnas crecca
Green-winged TealAnas carolinensisRare/Accidental
Marbled DuckMarmaronetta angustirostris
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Southern PochardNetta erythrophthalmaRare/Accidental
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyroca
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
Steller's EiderPolysticta stelleri
Spectacled EiderSomateria fischeriRare/Accidental
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
White-winged ScoterMelanitta deglandi
Stejneger's ScoterMelanitta stejnegeri
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
SmewMergellus albellus
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephala

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species
Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species
Hazel GrouseTetrastes bonasia
Willow PtarmiganLagopus lagopus
Rock PtarmiganLagopus muta
Western CapercaillieTetrao urogallus
Black-billed CapercaillieTetrao urogalloides
Black GrouseLyrurus tetrix
Caucasian GrouseLyrurus mlokosiewiczi
Grey PartridgePerdix perdix
Daurian PartridgePerdix dauuricaIntroduced species
Reeves's PheasantSyrmaticus reevesiiIntroduced species
Golden PheasantChrysolophus pictusIntroduced species
Lady Amherst's PheasantChrysolophus amherstiaeIntroduced species
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicus
Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusExtirpated
Grey FrancolinOrtygornis pondicerianus
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
Altai SnowcockTetraogallus altaicus
Caucasian SnowcockTetraogallus caucasicus
Caspian SnowcockTetraogallus caspius
See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularis
Sand PartridgeAmmoperdix heyi
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Barbary PartridgeAlectoris barbara
Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufa
Chukar PartridgeAlectoris chukar
Rock PartridgeAlectoris graeca
Erckel's SpurfowlPternistis erckeliiIntroduced species
Double-spurred SpurfowlPternistis bicalcaratus
Red-necked SpurfowlPternistis afer

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental
Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollis
European NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius
Sykes's NightjarCaprimulgus mahrattensis
Nubian NightjarCaprimulgus nubicus
Golden NightjarCaprimulgus eximiusRare/Accidental
Indian NightjarCaprimulgus asiaticusRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Sabine's SpinetailRhaphidura sabiniIntroduced species
White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaRare/Accidental
African Palm SwiftCypsiurus parvus
Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
Cape Verde SwiftApus alexandri
Common SwiftApus apus
Plain SwiftApus unicolor
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
African Black SwiftApus barbatusRare/Accidental
Pacific SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental
Little SwiftApus affinis
Horus SwiftApus horusRare/Accidental
White-rumped SwiftApus caffer

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tarda
Arabian BustardArdeotis arabs
Houbara BustardChlamydotis undulata
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueenii
Denham's BustardNeotis denhamiRare/Accidental
Nubian BustardNeotis nubaRare/Accidental
Little BustardTetrax tetrax

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Senegal CoucalCentropus senegalensis
Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Jacobin CuckooClamator jacobinusRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusRare/Accidental
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Diederik CuckooChrysococcyx capriusRare/Accidental
Northern Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx hyperythrusRare/Accidental
African CuckooCuculus gularis
Himalayan CuckooCuculus saturatusRare/Accidental
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxus
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustus
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus
Lichtenstein's SandgrousePterocles lichtensteinii
Four-banded SandgrousePterocles quadricinctus

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba livia
Hill PigeonColumba rupestris
Speckled PigeonColumba guinea
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Yellow-eyed PigeonColumba eversmanniRare/Accidental
Common Wood PigeonColumba palumbus
Trocaz PigeonColumba trocaz
Bolle's PigeonColumba bollii
Laurel PigeonColumba junoniae
European Turtle DoveStreptopelia turtur
Oriental Turtle DoveStreptopelia orientalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto
African Collared DoveStreptopelia roseogrisea
Mourning Collared DoveStreptopelia decipiensRare/Accidental
Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
Red Collared DoveStreptopelia tranquebaricaRare/Accidental
Spotted DoveSpilopelia chinensisIntroduced species
Laughing DoveSpilopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensis
Passenger PigeonEctopistes migratoriusRare/Accidental
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraRare/Accidental
Zenaida DoveZenaida auritaRare/Accidental
Bruce's Green PigeonTreron waaliaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Virginia RailRallus limicolaRare/Accidental
Water RailRallus aquaticus
African CrakeCrecopsis egregia
Corn CrakeCrex crex
SoraPorzana carolina
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Lesser MoorhenParagallinula angulataRare/Accidental
Common GallinuleGallinula galeataRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica
Western SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
African SwamphenPorphyrio madagascariensis
Grey-headed SwamphenPorphyrio poliocephalus
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusilla
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Striped CrakeAenigmatolimnas marginalisRare/Accidental
WatercockGallicrex cinereaRare/Accidental
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Siberian CraneLeucogeranus leucogeranusRare/Accidental
Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensisRare/Accidental
Demoiselle CraneGrus virgo
Common CraneGrus grus
Hooded CraneGrus monachaRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
American FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruberRare/Accidental
Lesser FlamingoPhoeniconaias minor

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Common ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Great Stone-curlewEsacus recurvirostris
Eurasian Stone-curlewBurhinus oedicnemus
Senegal Thick-kneeBurhinus senegalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Chionidae

Snowy SheathbillChionis albusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatusRare/Accidental
Canary Islands OystercatcherHaematopus meadewaldoi
Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden PloverPluvialis apricaria
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
Three-banded PloverCharadrius tricollarisRare/Accidental
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
Black-headed LapwingVanellus tectusRare/Accidental
Grey-headed LapwingVanellus cinereusRare/Accidental
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregarius
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
Caspian PloverAnarhynchus asiaticus
Oriental PloverAnarhynchus veredusRare/Accidental
Tibetan Sand PloverAnarhynchus atrifrons
Siberian Sand PloverAnarhynchus mongolus
Greater Sand PloverAnarhynchus leschenaultii
Kittlitz's PloverAnarhynchus pecuarius
Snowy PloverAnarhynchus nivosus
White-fronted PloverAnarhynchus marginatusRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverAnarhynchus alexandrinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Pluvianidae

Egyptian PloverPluvianus aegyptiusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-snipeRostratula benghalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

African JacanaActophilornis africanusIntroduced species

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Hudsonian WhimbrelNumenius hudsonicusRare/Accidental
Little CurlewNumenius minutusRare/Accidental
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisRare/Accidental
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensis
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostris
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
American WoodcockScolopax minorRare/Accidental
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Solitary SnipeGallinago solitaria
Great SnipeGallinago media
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megalaRare/Accidental
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenura
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
WilletTringa semipalmataRare/Accidental
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental
Spoon-billed SandpiperCalidris pygmaeaRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minuta
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab-ploverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Temminck's CourserCursorius temminckiiRare/Accidental
Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Small PratincoleGlareola lacteaRare/Accidental
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarumRare/Accidental
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanni
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

African SkimmerRynchops flavirostrisRare/Accidental
Indian SkimmerRynchops albicollis
Black SkimmerRynchops nigerRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidusRare/Accidental
Aleutian TernOnychoprion aleuticusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Saunders's TernSternula saundersiRare/Accidental
Least TernSternula antillarumRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
River TernSterna aurantiaRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Common TernSterna hirundo
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Cabot's TernThalasseus acuflavidusRare/Accidental
Elegant TernThalasseus elegansRare/Accidental
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis
West African Crested TernThalasseus albididorsalis
Royal TernThalasseus maximusRare/Accidental
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Ross's GullRhodostethia roseaRare/Accidental
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaRare/Accidental
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Brown-headed GullChroicocephalus brunnicephalusRare/Accidental
Grey-headed GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Relict GullIchthyaetus relictus
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouinii
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichii
White-eyed GullIchthyaetus leucophthalmus
Black-tailed GullLarus crassirostrisRare/Accidental
Common GullLarus canus
Short-billed GullLarus brachyrhynchus
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Kelp GullLarus dominicanusRare/Accidental
European Herring GullLarus argentatus
Vega GullLarus vegaeRare/Accidental
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticusRare/Accidental
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerata
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataRare/Accidental
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculataRare/Accidental
Crested AukletAethia cristatellaRare/Accidental
Parakeet AukletAethia psittaculaRare/Accidental
Long-billed MurreletBrachyramphus perdixRare/Accidental
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle
Pigeon GuillemotCepphus columba
RazorbillAlca torda
Great AukPinguinus impennisRare/Accidental
Little AukAlle alle
Thick-billed MurreUria lomvia
Common MurreUria aalge
Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquusRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturusRare/Accidental

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Black-throated LoonGavia arctica
Pacific LoonGavia pacificaRare/Accidental
Common LoonGavia immer
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsii

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm PetrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm PetrelPelagodroma marina
White-bellied Storm PetrelFregetta grallariaRare/Accidental
Black-bellied Storm PetrelFregetta tropicaRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Snowy AlbatrossDiomedea exulans
Tristan AlbatrossDiomedea dabbenenaRare/Accidental
Atlantic Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchos
Shy AlbatrossThalassarche cauta
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

European Storm PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Swinhoe's Storm PetrelHydrobates monorhisRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm PetrelHydrobates leucorhous
Band-rumped Storm PetrelHydrobates castro
Monteiro's Storm PetrelHydrobates monteiroi
Cape Verde Storm PetrelHydrobates jabejabeEndemic

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant PetrelMacronectes giganteusRare/Accidental
Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Cape PetrelDaption capenseRare/Accidental
Great-winged PetrelPterodroma macropteraRare/Accidental
Atlantic PetrelPterodroma incertaRare/Accidental
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollisRare/Accidental
Zino's PetrelPterodroma madeira
Fea's PetrelPterodroma feae
Desertas PetrelPterodroma desertaBreeding endemic
Bermuda PetrelPterodroma cahowRare/Accidental
Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitataRare/Accidental
Herald PetrelPterodroma heraldicaRare/Accidental
Trindade PetrelPterodroma arminjoniana
White-chinned PetrelProcellaria aequinoctialisRare/Accidental
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasRare/Accidental
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris borealis
Scopoli's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Cape Verde ShearwaterCalonectris edwardsii
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacificaRare/Accidental
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleri
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna grisea
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipesRare/Accidental
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravis
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Yelkouan ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouan
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicus
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieriRare/Accidental
Persian ShearwaterPuffinus persicusRare/Accidental
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloniRare/Accidental
Subantarctic ShearwaterPuffinus elegansRare/Accidental
Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroli
Boyd's ShearwaterPuffinus boydi
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

African OpenbillAnastomus lamelligerusRare/Accidental
Marabou StorkLeptoptilos crumeniferRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibisRare/Accidental
Abdim's StorkCiconia abdimiiRare/Accidental
African Woolly-necked StorkCiconia microscelisRare/Accidental
Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Ascension FrigatebirdFregata aquilaRare/Accidental
Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensRare/Accidental
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata arielRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus
Cape GannetMorus capensisRare/Accidental
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Masked BoobySula dactylatraRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufa

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pygmy CormorantMicrocarbo pygmaeus
Reed CormorantMicrocarbo africanus
Pelagic CormorantUrile pelagicus
Spectacled CormorantUrile perspicillatusEndemic (country/region)
Socotra CormorantPhalacrocorax nigrogularis
Japanese CormorantPhalacrocorax capillatus
White-breasted CormorantPhalacrocorax lucidus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagGulosus aristotelis
Double-crested CormorantNannopterum auritumRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
Northern Bald IbisGeronticus eremita
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
African SpoonbillPlatalea albaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Eurasian BitternBotaurus stellaris
American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Least BitternIxobrychus exilisRare/Accidental
Von Schrenck's BitternIxobrychus eurhythmusRare/Accidental
Dwarf BitternIxobrychus sturmiiRare/Accidental
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensisRare/Accidental
Yellow-crowned Night HeronNyctanassa violaceaRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorRare/Accidental
Black HeronEgretta ardesiacaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Dimorphic EgretEgretta dimorphaRare/Accidental
Western Reef HeronEgretta gularis
Striated HeronButorides striata
Green HeronButorides virescensRare/Accidental
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Indian Pond HeronArdeola grayiiRare/Accidental
Chinese Pond HeronArdeola bacchusRare/Accidental
Western Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Eastern Cattle EgretBubulcus coromandusRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Yellow-billed EgretArdea brachyrhynchaRare/Accidental
Medium EgretArdea intermediaIntroduced species
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephala
Goliath HeronArdea goliathRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Scopidae

HamerkopScopus umbretta

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescensRare/Accidental
Spot-billed PelicanPelecanus philippensis
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
European Honey BuzzardPernis apivorus
Crested Honey BuzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusRare/Accidental
Hooded VultureNecrosyrtes monachusRare/Accidental
White-backed VultureGyps africanusRare/Accidental
Rüppell's VultureGyps rueppelliRare/Accidental
Griffon VultureGyps fulvus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotos
Short-toed Snake EagleCircaetus gallicus
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusRare/Accidental
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clanga
Wahlberg's EagleHieraaetus wahlbergiRare/Accidental
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Spanish Imperial EagleAquila adalberti
Eastern Imperial EagleAquila heliaca
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Verreaux's EagleAquila verreauxii
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabarRare/Accidental
Dark Chanting GoshawkMelierax metabates
Eastern Chanting GoshawkMelierax poliopterusRare/Accidental
ShikraAccipiter badius
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Japanese SparrowhawkAccipiter gularis
BesraAccipiter virgatus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Eurasian GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
American GoshawkAccipiter atricapillusRare/Accidental
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Northern HarrierCircus hudsoniusRare/Accidental
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourus
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Yellow-billed KiteMilvus aegyptius
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indusRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental
Pallas's Fish EagleHaliaeetus leucoryphusRare/Accidental
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusRare/Accidental
African Fish EagleIcthyophaga vociferRare/Accidental
Grasshopper BuzzardButastur rufipennisRare/Accidental
White-eyed BuzzardButastur teesa
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniIntroduced species
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Upland BuzzardButeo hemilasiusRare/Accidental
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
Cape Verde BuzzardButeo bannermani
Common BuzzardButeo buteo

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Western Barn OwlTyto alba
American Barn OwlTyto furcata
Eastern Barn OwlTyto javanica

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Brown BoobookNinox scutulata
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
Little OwlAthene noctua
Spotted OwletAthene brama
Northern Hawk-OwlSurnia ulula
Eurasian Pygmy OwlGlaucidium passerinum
Pallid Scops OwlOtus brucei
Arabian Scops OwlOtus pamelae
Eurasian Scops OwlOtus scops
Cyprus Scops OwlOtus cyprius
Oriental Scops OwlOtus sunia
Indian Scops OwlOtus bakkamoena
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Marsh OwlAsio capensis
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Brown Fish OwlKetupa zeylonensis
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Maghreb OwlStrix mauritanica
Desert OwlStrix hadorami
Omani OwlStrix butleri
Ural OwlStrix uralensis
Great Grey OwlStrix nebulosa

 
COLIIFORMES: Coliidae

Blue-naped MousebirdUrocolius macrourus

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops
African HoopoeUpupa africana

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

Indian RollerCoracias benghalensis
Abyssinian RollerCoracias abyssinicusRare/Accidental
European RollerCoracias garrulus
Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Grey-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephala
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonRare/Accidental
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

White-throated Bee-eaterMerops albicollisRare/Accidental
African Green Bee-eaterMerops viridissimus
Arabian Green Bee-eaterMerops cyanophrys
Asian Green Bee-eaterMerops orientalis
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
Olive Bee-eaterMerops superciliosusRare/Accidental
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus variusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides tridactylus
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocoptes medius
African Grey WoodpeckerDendropicos goertaeRare/Accidental
Eastern Grey WoodpeckerDendropicos spodocephalus
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDryobates minor
Sind WoodpeckerDendrocopos assimilis
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus
White-winged WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucopterus
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Northern FlickerColaptes auratusRare/Accidental
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
Scaly-bellied WoodpeckerPicus squamatusExtirpated
European Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Iberian Green WoodpeckerPicus sharpei
Levaillant's WoodpeckerPicus vaillantii
Grey-headed WoodpeckerPicus canus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus
American KestrelFalco sparveriusRare/Accidental
Red-necked FalconFalco chicquera
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinus
Amur FalconFalco amurensisRare/Accidental
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolor
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Laggar FalconFalco jugger
Saker FalconFalco cherrug
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Monk ParakeetMyiopsitta monachusIntroduced species
Dusky ParrotPionus fuscusRare/Accidental
Nanday ParakeetAratinga nendayIntroduced species
Red-masked ParakeetPsittacara erythrogenysIntroduced species

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Alexandrine ParakeetPsittacula eupatriaIntroduced species
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameri
Fischer's LovebirdAgapornis fischeriIntroduced species
Yellow-collared LovebirdAgapornis personatusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebeRare/Accidental
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiRare/Accidental
Eastern Wood PeweeContopus virensRare/Accidental
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventrisRare/Accidental
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensRare/Accidental
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorumRare/Accidental
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimusRare/Accidental
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisRare/Accidental
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Vogelkop ScrubwrenAethomyias rufescensIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Rosy-patched BushshrikeTelophorus cruentus
Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusRare/Accidental
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicusRare/Accidental
Warbling VireoVireo gilvusRare/Accidental
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsRare/Accidental
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusRare/Accidental
White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Ashy DrongoDicrurus leucophaeusRare/Accidental
Black DrongoDicrurus macrocercusExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Yellow-billed ShrikeLanius corvinusRare/Accidental
Great Grey ShrikeLanius excubitor
Iberian Grey ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Northern ShrikeLanius borealisRare/Accidental
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Lesser Grey ShrikeLanius minor
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator
Bay-backed ShrikeLanius vittatusRare/Accidental
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinusRare/Accidental
Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroidesRare/Accidental
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schachRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Siberian JayPerisoreus infaustus
Blue JayCyanocitta cristataIntroduced species
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Iberian MagpieCyanopica cooki
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Maghreb MagpiePica mauritanica
Iranian Ground JayPodoces pleskeiEndemic
Spotted NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactes
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Alpine ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Western JackdawColoeus monedula
Daurian JackdawColoeus dauuricusRare/Accidental
House CrowCorvus splendens
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchosExtirpated
Pied CrowCorvus albusRare/Accidental
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Northern RavenCorvus corax
Fan-tailed RavenCorvus rhipidurus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Japanese WaxwingBombycilla japonicaIntroduced species
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hypocoliidae

Grey HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Grey-headed ChickadeePoecile cinctus
Marsh TitPoecile palustris
Caspian TitPoecile hyrcanusRare/Accidental
Willow TitPoecile montanus
African Blue TitCyanistes teneriffae
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Azure TitCyanistes cyanus
Great TitParus major
Cinereous TitParus cinereus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline TitRemiz pendulinus
Black-headed Penduline TitRemiz macronyx
White-crowned Penduline TitRemiz coronatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigriceps
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-LarkEremopterix signatusRare/Accidental
Kordofan LarkMirafra cordofanica
WoodlarkLullula arborea
White-winged LarkAlauda leucoptera
Raso LarkAlauda razae
Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgulaRare/Accidental
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Thekla's LarkGalerida theklae
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Maghreb LarkGalerida macrorhyncha
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha
Hume's Short-toed LarkCalandrella acutirostrisRare/Accidental
Mongolian Short-toed LarkCalandrella dukhunensisRare/Accidental
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Black LarkMelanocorypha yeltoniensis
Dupont's LarkChersophilus duponti
Dunn's LarkEremalauda dunni
Arabian LarkEremalauda eremodites
Asian Short-toed LarkAlaudala cheleensis
Mediterranean Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Turkestan Short-toed LarkAlaudala heinei
Sand LarkAlaudala raytal

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species
White-eared BulbulPycnonotus leucotis
White-spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygos
Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Banded MartinNeophedina cinctaRare/Accidental
Brown-throated MartinRiparia paludicola
Grey-throated MartinRiparia chinensisRare/Accidental
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Pale MartinRiparia diluta
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorRare/Accidental
Purple MartinProgne subisRare/Accidental
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Crag MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Pale Crag MartinPtyonoprogne obsoleta
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Ethiopian SwallowHirundo aethiopicaRare/Accidental
White-throated SwallowHirundo albigularisRare/Accidental
Western House MartinDelichon urbicum
Siberian House MartinDelichon lagopodum
Asian House MartinDelichon dasypusRare/Accidental
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Red-breasted SwallowCecropis semirufaRare/Accidental
Preuss's Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon preussiRare/Accidental
Streak-throated SwallowPetrochelidon fluvicolaRare/Accidental
American Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Streaked Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalis
Hume's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus humeiRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
Pallas's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus proregulusRare/Accidental
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarziRare/Accidental
Sulphur-bellied WarblerPhylloscopus griseolus
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Plain Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus neglectusRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus sindianus
Canary Islands ChiffchaffPhylloscopus canariensis
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericus
Eastern Crowned WarblerPhylloscopus coronatusRare/Accidental
Green WarblerPhylloscopus nitidus
Two-barred WarblerPhylloscopus plumbeitarsusRare/Accidental
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides
Large-billed Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus magnirostrisRare/Accidental
Pale-legged Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus tenellipesRare/Accidental
Kamchatka Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus examinandusRare/Accidental
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Basra Reed WarblerAcrocephalus griseldis
Cape Verde WarblerAcrocephalus brevipennis
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Oriental Reed WarblerAcrocephalus orientalisRare/Accidental
Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicola
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Blyth's Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Thick-billed WarblerArundinax aedonRare/Accidental
Booted WarblerIduna caligata
Sykes's WarblerIduna rama
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna opaca
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Gray's Grasshopper WarblerHelopsaltes fasciolatusRare/Accidental
Pallas's Grasshopper WarblerHelopsaltes certhiolaRare/Accidental
Lanceolated WarblerLocustella lanceolata
River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis
Delicate PriniaPrinia lepida
Cricket WarblerSpiloptila clamans

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Barred WarblerCurruca nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca curruca
Arabian WarblerCurruca leucomelaena
Western Orphean WarblerCurruca hortensis
Eastern Orphean WarblerCurruca crassirostris
African Desert WarblerCurruca deserti
Asian Desert WarblerCurruca nana
Tristram's WarblerCurruca deserticola
Menetries's WarblerCurruca mystacea
Rüppell's WarblerCurruca ruppeli
Cyprus WarblerCurruca melanothorax
Sardinian WarblerCurruca melanocephala
Western Subalpine WarblerCurruca iberiae
Moltoni's WarblerCurruca subalpina
Eastern Subalpine WarblerCurruca cantillans
Common WhitethroatCurruca communis
Spectacled WarblerCurruca conspicillata
Marmora's WarblerCurruca sarda
Dartford WarblerCurruca undata
Balearic WarblerCurruca balearica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paradoxornithidae

Vinous-throated ParrotbillSuthora webbianaIntroduced species
Ashy-throated ParrotbillSuthora alphonsianaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Chestnut-flanked White-eyeZosterops erythropleurusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Red-billed LeiothrixLeiothrix luteaIntroduced species
Iraq BabblerArgya altirostris
Afghan BabblerArgya huttoni
Common BabblerArgya caudata
Fulvous BabblerArgya fulva
Arabian BabblerArgya squamiceps

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletCorthylio calendulaRare/Accidental
Common FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla
Madeira FirecrestRegulus madeirensis
GoldcrestRegulus regulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Algerian NuthatchSitta ledanti
Krüper's NuthatchSitta krueperi
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensisRare/Accidental
Corsican NuthatchSitta whiteheadi
Western Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer
Eastern Rock NuthatchSitta tephronota
Siberian NuthatchSitta arcticaRare/Accidental
Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris
Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Grey CatbirdDumetella carolinensisRare/Accidental
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvusIntroduced species
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Crested MynaAcridotheres cristatellusIntroduced species
Bank MynaAcridotheres ginginianus
Common MynaAcridotheres tristis
Vinous-breasted MynaAcridotheres leucocephalusIntroduced species
Daurian StarlingAgropsar sturninusRare/Accidental
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
Common StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolor
Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinerea
Greater Blue-eared StarlingLamprotornis chalybaeusRare/Accidental
Chestnut-bellied StarlingLamprotornis pulcherRare/Accidental
Violet-backed StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogaster
Tristram's StarlingOnychognathus tristramii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Varied ThrushIxoreus naeviusRare/Accidental
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaRare/Accidental
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusRare/Accidental
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatusRare/Accidental
Grey-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimusRare/Accidental
VeeryCatharus fuscescensRare/Accidental
White's ThrushZoothera aurea
Scaly ThrushZoothera dauma
Siberian ThrushGeokichla sibiricaRare/Accidental
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Common BlackbirdTurdus merula
Tickell's ThrushTurdus unicolorRare/Accidental
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental
Pale ThrushTurdus pallidusIntroduced species
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis
Red-throated ThrushTurdus ruficollis
Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomusRare/Accidental
Naumann's ThrushTurdus naumanniRare/Accidental
American RobinTurdus migratoriusRare/Accidental
Austral ThrushTurdus falcklandiiIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Black Scrub RobinCercotrichas podobe
Rufous-tailed Scrub RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Dark-sided FlycatcherMuscicapa sibiricaRare/Accidental
Asian Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa dauurica
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Mediterranean FlycatcherMuscicapa tyrrhenica
Verditer FlycatcherEumyias thalassinusRare/Accidental
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Siberian RubythroatCalliope calliope
Siberian Blue RobinLarvivora cyaneRare/Accidental
Rufous-tailed RobinLarvivora sibilans
Mugimaki FlycatcherFicedula mugimakiRare/Accidental
Ultramarine FlycatcherFicedula superciliarisRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Taiga FlycatcherFicedula albicilla
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata
Atlas Pied FlycatcherFicedula speculigera
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurus
Eversmann's RedstartPhoenicurus erythronotus
Plumbeous Water RedstartPhoenicurus fuliginosusRare/Accidental
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Moussier's RedstartPhoenicurus moussieri
Daurian RedstartPhoenicurus auroreusRare/Accidental
Güldenstädt's RedstartPhoenicurus erythrogastrus
Common Rock ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
Pied Bush ChatSaxicola caprataRare/Accidental
Amur StonechatSaxicola stejnegeri
African StonechatSaxicola torquatus
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Canary Islands StonechatSaxicola dacotiae
Anteater ChatMyrmecocichla aethiopsRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Atlas WheatearOenanthe seebohmi
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Hooded WheatearOenanthe monacha
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Western Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Eastern Black-eared WheatearOenanthe melanoleuca
Cyprus WheatearOenanthe cypriaca
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta
BlackstartOenanthe melanura
Variable WheatearOenanthe picata
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Maghreb WheatearOenanthe halophila
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Basalt WheatearOenanthe warriae
Kurdish WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna
Red-tailed WheatearOenanthe chrysopygia
White-crowned WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
Hume's WheatearOenanthe albonigra
Black WheatearOenanthe leucura

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Pygmy SunbirdHedydipna platura
Nile Valley SunbirdHedydipna metallica
Palestine SunbirdCinnyris osea
Shining SunbirdCinnyris habessinicus
Purple SunbirdCinnyris asiaticusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla
Rock SparrowPetronia petronia
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis
Yellow-throated SparrowGymnoris xanthocollis
Northern Grey-headed SparrowPasser griseusRare/Accidental
Sind SparrowPasser pyrrhonotus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Saxaul SparrowPasser ammodendri
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Italian SparrowPasser italiae
House SparrowPasser domesticus
Iago SparrowPasser iagoensis
Desert SparrowPasser simplex
Zarudny's SparrowPasser zarudnyi
Arabian Golden SparrowPasser euchlorusRare/Accidental
Sudan Golden SparrowPasser luteus
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Rüppell's WeaverPloceus galbulaIntroduced species
Vitelline Masked WeaverPloceus vitellinusRare/Accidental
Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalusIntroduced species
Streaked WeaverPloceus manyarIntroduced species
Yellow-crowned BishopEuplectes aferIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

African SilverbillEuodice cantansRare/Accidental
Indian SilverbillEuodice malabaricaIntroduced species
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataIntroduced species
Tricolored MuniaLonchura malacca
Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapillaIntroduced species
Orange-cheeked WaxbillEstrilda melpodaIntroduced species
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesIntroduced species
Crimson-rumped WaxbillEstrilda rhodopygaRare/Accidental
Cut-throat FinchAmadina fasciataRare/Accidental
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species
Red-cheeked Cordon-bleuUraeginthus bengalusRare/Accidental
Red-billed FirefinchLagonosticta senegalaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae

Village IndigobirdVidua chalybeataRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Siberian AccentorPrunella montanella
Radde's AccentorPrunella ocularis
Black-throated AccentorPrunella atrogularis
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Forest WagtailDendronanthus indicus
Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Eastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimp
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Paddyfield PipitAnthus rufulusRare/Accidental
Blyth's PipitAnthus godlewskii
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoni
Pechora PipitAnthus gustavi
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Buff-bellied PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
European Rock PipitAnthus petrosus
Berthelot's PipitAnthus berthelotii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Eurasian ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
African ChaffinchFringilla spodiogenysRare/Accidental
Azores ChaffinchFringilla moreletti
Madeira ChaffinchFringilla maderensis
Canary Islands ChaffinchFringilla canariensis
Tenerife Blue ChaffinchFringilla teydea
Gran Canaria Blue ChaffinchFringilla polatzeki
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
White-winged GrosbeakMycerobas carnipes
Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertinaRare/Accidental
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Azores BullfinchPyrrhula murina
Asian Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguineus
African Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys alienus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Mongolian FinchBucanetes mongolicus
Grey-crowned Rosy FinchLeucosticte tephrocotis
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
Great RosefinchCarpodacus rubicilla
Sinai RosefinchCarpodacus synoicus
Siberian Long-tailed RosefinchCarpodacus sibiricus
Pallas's RosefinchCarpodacus roseusRare/Accidental
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusIntroduced species
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Grey-capped GreenfinchChloris sinicaRare/Accidental
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
White-rumped SeedeaterCrithagra leucopygiaRare/Accidental
TwiteLinaria flavirostris
Common LinnetLinaria cannabina
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaret
Arctic RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Parrot CrossbillLoxia pytyopsittacus
Scottish CrossbillLoxia scotica
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Two-barred CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Citril FinchCarduelis citrinella
Corsican FinchCarduelis corsicana
Red-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
European SerinSerinus serinus
Syrian SerinSerinus syriacus
Atlantic CanarySerinus canaria
Cape CanarySerinus canicollisRare/Accidental
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Grey-necked BuntingEmberiza buchanani
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineracea
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesia
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
Striolated BuntingEmberiza striolata
House BuntingEmberiza sahari
Chestnut-eared BuntingEmberiza fucata
Little BuntingEmberiza pusilla
Yellow-browed BuntingEmberiza chrysophrysRare/Accidental
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rustica
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureola
Chestnut BuntingEmberiza rutilaRare/Accidental
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Red-headed BuntingEmberiza bruniceps
Black-faced BuntingEmberiza spodocephalaRare/Accidental
Pallas's Reed BuntingEmberiza pallasi
Common Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusRare/Accidental
Red Fox SparrowPasserella iliacaRare/Accidental
American Tree SparrowSpizelloides arboreaRare/Accidental
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalisRare/Accidental
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrysRare/Accidental
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollisRare/Accidental
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisRare/Accidental
Song SparrowMelospiza melodiaRare/Accidental
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolniiRare/Accidental
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteriidae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalusRare/Accidental
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaRare/Accidental
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceusRare/Accidental
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus aterRare/Accidental
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalusIntroduced species
Common GrackleQuiscalus quisculaRare/Accidental
Boat-tailed GrackleQuiscalus majorIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillaRare/Accidental
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacillaRare/Accidental
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensisRare/Accidental
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraRare/Accidental
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaRare/Accidental
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrinaRare/Accidental
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celataRare/Accidental
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapillaRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichasRare/Accidental
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaRare/Accidental
American RedstartSetophaga ruticillaRare/Accidental
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrinaRare/Accidental
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaRare/Accidental
Northern ParulaSetophaga americanaRare/Accidental
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaRare/Accidental
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaRare/Accidental
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaRare/Accidental
American Yellow WarblerSetophaga aestivaRare/Accidental
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaRare/Accidental
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataRare/Accidental
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescensRare/Accidental
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumRare/Accidental
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinusRare/Accidental
Myrtle WarblerSetophaga coronataRare/Accidental
Audubon's WarblerSetophaga auduboniRare/Accidental
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaRare/Accidental
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolorRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusillaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaRare/Accidental
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusRare/Accidental
DickcisselSpiza americanaRare/Accidental
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaRare/Accidental
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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