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This checklist includes all bird species found in Morocco , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Avibase taxonomic concepts (current). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2024

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Country or region: Morocco [map]

Other names: Kingdom of Morocco

Description: Includes Western Sahara

Number of species: 522
Number of endemics: 17
Number of breeding endemics: 2
Number of introduced species: 4
Date last reviewed: 2016-07-01
Last modified: 2024-01-05
See also: http://www.go-south.org/?page_id=31
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Bird sp.Aves sp.


Ostrich or Somali OstrichStruthio [camelus or molybdophanes]
African OstrichStruthio camelusRare/Accidental
African Ostrich (camelus)Struthio camelus camelus


dabbling duck sp.Anatidae sp. (dabbling duck sp.)
Duck sp.Anatidae sp. (duck sp.)
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Fulvous Whistling-Duck (syn. bicolor)Dendrocygna bicolor (bicolor)Rare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisRare/Accidental
Ruddy Duck [jamaicensis]Oxyura jamaicensis [jamaicensis]Rare/Accidental
Ruddy Duck [jamaicensis or rubida]Oxyura jamaicensis [jamaicensis or rubida]Rare/Accidental
Ruddy Duck (jamaicensis)Oxyura jamaicensis jamaicensisRare/Accidental
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephala
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusRare/Accidental
Whooper Swan (syn. cygnus)Cygnus cygnus (cygnus)Rare/Accidental
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisRare/Accidental
Brant GooseBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Brant Goose [bernicla or hrota]Branta bernicla [bernicla or hrota]Rare/Accidental
Brant Goose (bernicla)Branta bernicla berniclaRare/Accidental
Brant Goose (hrota)Branta bernicla hrotaRare/Accidental
Taiga Bean, Tundra Bean or Pink-footed GooseAnser [fabalis, serrirostris or brachyrhynchus]Rare/Accidental
Taiga or Tundra Bean GooseAnser [fabalis or serrirostris]Rare/Accidental
Taiga Bean Goose [incl. rossicus]Anser fabalis [incl. rossicus]Rare/Accidental
Taiga Bean GooseAnser fabalisRare/Accidental
Taiga Bean Goose (fabalis)Anser fabalis [fabalis or johanseni]Rare/Accidental
Taiga Bean Goose (fabalis)Anser fabalis fabalisRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted Goose (albifrons)Anser albifrons albifronsRare/Accidental
Greylag GooseAnser anser
Greylag Goose (anser)Anser anser anser
Snow GooseAnser caerulescensRare/Accidental
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaRare/Accidental
Common or Black ScoterMelanitta [nigra or americana]
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Velvet, White-winged or Siberian ScoterMelanitta [fusca, deglandi or stejnegeri]Rare/Accidental
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fuscaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Common Goldeneye (clangula)Bucephala clangula clangulaRare/Accidental
SmewMergellus albellusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Red-breasted Merganser (serrator)Mergus serrator serrator
Common MerganserMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Common Merganser [Eurasian]Mergus merganser [merganser or orientalis]Rare/Accidental
Common Merganser (merganser)Mergus merganser merganserRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostris
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Aythya sp.Aythya
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Ferruginous PochardAythya nyroca
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Greater Scaup (marila)Aythya marila marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
Common x Ferruginous Pochard (hybrid)Aythya [ferina x nyroca]Rare/Accidental
Common x Red-crested Pochard (hybrid)Aythya ferina x Netta rufinaRare/Accidental
Ferruginous x Red-crested Pochard (hybrid)Aythya nyroca x Netta rufinaRare/Accidental
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsRare/Accidental
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Cape ShovelerSpatula smithiiRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Cinnamon Teal x Northern Shoveler (hybrid)Spatula [cyanoptera x clypeata]Rare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americanaRare/Accidental
GadwallMareca strepera
Gadwall (strepera)Mareca strepera strepera
Anas sp.Anas
Common or Green-winged TealAnas [crecca or carolinensis]
Common TealAnas crecca
Common Teal (crecca)Anas crecca crecca
Green-winged TealAnas carolinensisRare/Accidental
Mallard, Mexican, Laysan, Hawaiian or Mottled Duck [incl. oustaleti]Anas platyrhynchos [sensu lato, incl. oustaleti]
Mallard, Mexican, Laysan, Hawaiian or Mottled DuckAnas platyrhynchos [sensu lato]
Mallard or Mexican Duck [incl. maculosa, oustaleti]Anas [platyrhynchos or diazi, incl. maculosa, oustaleti]
Mallard or Mexican Duck [incl. oustaleti]Anas [platyrhynchos or diazi, incl. oustaleti]
Mallard or Mexican DuckAnas [platyrhynchos or diazi]
Mallard [incl. oustaleti]Anas platyrhynchos [incl. oustaleti]
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Mallard [platyrhynchos or conboschas]Anas platyrhynchos [platyrhynchos or conboschas]
Mallard (platyrhynchos)Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos
Northern or Eaton's PintailAnas [acuta or eatoni]
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Northern Pintail (syn. acuta)Anas acuta (acuta)
Teal sp.Anas sp. (Teal sp.)
Garganey or Eurasian TealSpatula querquedula or Anas crecca
Spur-winged GoosePlectropterus gambensisRare/Accidental
Spur-winged Goose (gambensis)Plectropterus gambensis gambensisRare/Accidental
Wood DuckAix sponsaIntroduced species
Mandarin DuckAix galericulataRare/Accidental


Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species
Helmeted Guineafowl [meleagris, somaliensis, galeatus, mitratus, marungensis, coronatus, papillosus, reichenowi]Numida meleagris [meleagris, somaliensis, galeatus, mitratus, marungensis, coronatus, papillosus, reichenowi]Extirpated
Helmeted Guineafowl [meleagris, marungensis, sabyi, coronatus, papillosus, somaliensis]Numida meleagris [meleagris, marungensis, sabyi, coronatus, papillosus, somaliensis]Extirpated
Helmeted Guineafowl (galeatus)Numida meleagris galeatusExtirpated
Helmeted Guineafowl (sabyi)Numida meleagris sabyiExtirpated

GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common Quail [incl. ussuriensi]Coturnix coturnix [incl. ussuriensi]
Common or Japanese QuailCoturnix [coturnix or japonica]
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Common Quail [Eurasian]Coturnix coturnix [coturnix]
Common Quail [coturnix or confisa]Coturnix coturnix [coturnix or confisa]
Common Quail (coturnix)Coturnix coturnix coturnix
Barbary PartridgeAlectoris barbara
Barbary Partridge (barbara)Alectoris barbara barbara
Barbary Partridge (koenigi)Alectoris barbara koenigi
Barbary Partridge (spatzi)Alectoris barbara spatzi
Barbary Partridge (spatzi, syn. theresae)Alectoris barbara spatzi (theresae)Endemic
Double-spurred FrancolinPternistis bicalcaratus
Double-spurred Francolin (ayesha)Pternistis bicalcaratus ayeshaEndemic
Red-necked Spurfowl [Bare-throated]Pternistis afer [afer]
Red-necked Spurfowl [melanogaster]Pternistis afer [melanogaster or loangwae]
Red-necked Spurfowl (melanogaster)Pternistis afer melanogaster
Red-necked Spurfowl [leucoparaeus, melanogaster, loangwae or swynnertoni]Pternistis afer [leucoparaeus, melanogaster, loangwae or swynnertoni]
Common or Green PheasantPhasianus [colchicus or versicolor]Introduced species
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Common Pheasant [colchicus]Phasianus colchicus [colchicus]Introduced species
Rock PtarmiganLagopus mutaRare/Accidental


American or Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus [ruber or roseus]
Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoeniconaias minorRare/Accidental


Little or Australasian GrebeTachybaptus [ruficollis or novaehollandiae]
Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Little Grebe [ruficollis, incl. collaris]Tachybaptus ruficollis [ruficollis, incl. collaris]
Little Grebe [ruficollis]Tachybaptus ruficollis [ruficollis]
Little Grebe (ruficollis)Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis
Red-necked Grebe (grisegena)Podiceps grisegena grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Great Crested Grebe [cristatus]Podiceps cristatus [cristatus]
Great Crested Grebe (cristatus)Podiceps cristatus cristatus
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental
Horned Grebe (auritus)Podiceps auritus auritus
Black-necked or Colombian GrebePodiceps [nigricollis or andinus]
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis
Black-necked Grebe (nigricollis)Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis
Grebe sp.Podicipedidae sp.


Pigeon sp.Columbidae sp.
Columba sp.Columba
Rock PigeonColumba livia
Rock Pigeon [livia, canariensis, atlantis or nigricans]Columba livia [livia, canariensis, atlantis or nigricans]
Rock Pigeon (livia)Columba livia livia
Rock Pigeon (canariensis)Columba livia canariensis
Rock Pigeon (targia)Columba livia targia
Rock Pigeon (Domestic type)Columba livia [var. domestica]
Rock Pigeon (Wild type)Columba livia [wild type]
Stock PigeonColumba oenas
Stock Pigeon (oenas)Columba oenas oenas
Stock Pigeon (oenas, sensu stricto)Columba oenas oenas (oenas)
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
Common Wood-Pigeon [White-necked]Columba palumbus [palumbus]
Common Wood-Pigeon (palumbus)Columba palumbus palumbus
Common Wood-Pigeon (palumbus, syn. excelsa)Columba palumbus palumbus (excelsa)
Streptopelia sp.Streptopelia
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
European Turtle-Dove (arenicola)Streptopelia turtur arenicola
European Turtle-Dove (arenicola, sensu stricto)Streptopelia turtur arenicola (arenicola)
Eurasian or Burmese Collared-DoveStreptopelia [decaocto or xanthocycla]
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveSpilopelia senegalensis
Laughing Dove (phoenicophila)Spilopelia senegalensis phoenicophila
Columba or Aplopelia sp.Columba or Aplopelia sp.
Namaqua DoveOena capensisRare/Accidental
Namaqua Dove (capensis)Oena capensis capensisRare/Accidental


Pterocles sp.Pterocles
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (caudacutus)Pterocles alchata caudacutus
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Black-bellied Sandgrouse (orientalis)Pterocles orientalis orientalis
Black-bellied Sandgrouse (orientalis, syn. aragonica)Pterocles orientalis orientalis (aragonica)
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus
Crowned Sandgrouse (coronatus)Pterocles coronatus coronatus
Lichtenstein's SandgrousePterocles lichtensteinii
Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse [Lichtenstein's]Pterocles lichtensteinii [lichtensteinii]
Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse (targius)Pterocles lichtensteinii targius


Red-billed Tropicbird (aethereus)Phaethon aethereus aethereus


Unidentified NighthawkCaprimulgidae sp.
Caprimulgus sp.Caprimulgus
Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollis
Red-necked Nightjar (ruficollis)Caprimulgus ruficollis ruficollis
Red-necked Nightjar (desertorum)Caprimulgus ruficollis desertorum
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Eurasian Nightjar [excl. centralasicus]Caprimulgus europaeus [excl. centralasicus]
Eurasian Nightjar (meridionalis)Caprimulgus europaeus meridionalis
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius
Egyptian Nightjar (saharae)Caprimulgus aegyptius saharae
Golden NightjarCaprimulgus eximiusRare/Accidental
Eurasian or Red-necked Nightjar [excl. centralasicus]Caprimulgus [europaeus or ruficollis, excl. centralasicus]
Eurasian or Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus [europaeus or ruficollis]


swift sp.Apodidae sp.
Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaRare/Accidental
Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
Alpine Swift (melba)Tachymarptis melba melba
Alpine Swift (tuneti)Tachymarptis melba tuneti
Apus sp.Apus
Common, Plain or Cape Verde SwiftApus [apus, unicolor or alexandri]
Common or Plain SwiftApus [apus or unicolor]
Common SwiftApus apus
Common Swift (apus)Apus apus apus
Plain or Cape Verde SwiftApus [unicolor or alexandri]Rare/Accidental
Plain SwiftApus unicolorRare/Accidental
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Pallid Swift (pallidus)Apus pallidus pallidus
Pallid Swift (brehmorum)Apus pallidus brehmorum
Little or House SwiftApus [affinis or nipalensis]
Little SwiftApus affinis
Little Swift [affinis]Apus affinis [affinis]
Little Swift (galilejensis)Apus affinis galilejensis
Little Swift (galilejensis, sensu stricto)Apus affinis galilejensis (galilejensis)
White-rumped SwiftApus caffer
White-rumped Swift (streubelii)Apus caffer streubelii
Common or Pallid SwiftApus [apus or pallidus]
Plain or Pallid SwiftApus [unicolor or pallidus]
Apus or Tachymarptis sp.Apus or Tachymarptis sp.


cuckoo sp. (Cuculidae sp.)Cuculidae sp.
Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed Cuckoo (americanus)Coccyzus americanus americanusRare/Accidental
Common or African CuckooCuculus [canorus or gularis]
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Common Cuckoo (bangsi)Cuculus canorus bangsi


Water or Brown-cheeked RailRallus [aquaticus or indicus]
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Water Rail (aquaticus)Rallus aquaticus aquaticus
Corn CrakeCrex crex
African CrakeCrecopsis egregiaRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
SoraPorzana carolinaRare/Accidental
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusilla
Baillon's Crake [intermedia or obscura]Zapornia pusilla [intermedia or obscura]
Baillon's Crake (intermedia)Zapornia pusilla intermedia
Purple, African, Grey-headed, Philippine, Australian or Black-backed SwamphenPorphyrio [porphyrio sensu lato or madagascariensis]
Purple, Grey-headed, Australian, Black-backed or Philippine SwamphenPorphyrio [porphyrio, poliocephalus, melanotus, indicus or pulverulentus]
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaRare/Accidental
Common, Tristan, Gough Island Moorhen or Common GallinuleGallinula [chloropus, galeata, nesiotis or comeri]
Common Moorhen or Common GallinuleGallinula [chloropus or galeata]
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Common Moorhen (chloropus)Gallinula chloropus chloropus
Common Moorhen (chloropus, sensu stricto)Gallinula chloropus chloropus (chloropus)
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata
Common CootFulica atra
Common Coot (atra)Fulica atra atra
Red-knobbed or Eurasian CootFulica [atra or cristata]
gallinule, moorhen or coot sp.Porphyrio, Gallinula or Fulica sp.


Demoiselle CraneGrus virgoExtirpated
Common CraneGrus grus
Common Crane [grus or lilfordi]Grus grus [grus or lilfordi]


Arabian BustardArdeotis arabs
Arabian Bustard (lynesi)Ardeotis arabs lynesiEndemic
Little BustardTetrax tetrax
Little Bustard (syn. tetrax)Tetrax tetrax (tetrax)
Great BustardOtis tarda
Great Bustard (tarda)Otis tarda tarda
Great Bustard (tarda, sensu stricto)Otis tarda tarda (tarda)
Houbara or Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis [undulata or macqueenii]
Houbara BustardChlamydotis undulata
Houbara Bustard (undulata)Chlamydotis undulata undulata
Bustard sp.Otididae sp.


Red-throated LoonGavia stellataRare/Accidental
Red-throated Loon (syn. stellata)Gavia stellata (stellata)Rare/Accidental
Arctic or Pacific LoonGavia [arctica or pacifica]Rare/Accidental
Arctic LoonGavia arcticaRare/Accidental
Arctic Loon (arctica)Gavia arctica arctica
Common LoonGavia immerRare/Accidental
Common Loon (syn. immer)Gavia immer (immer)


Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Wilson's Storm-Petrel [oceanicus]Oceanites oceanicus [oceanicus]
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental


Black-browed or Campbell's AlbatrossThalassarche [melanophris or impavida]Rare/Accidental
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisRare/Accidental


European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
European Storm-Petrel (pelagicus)Hydrobates pelagicus pelagicus
Band-rumped, Cape Verde or Monteiro Storm-PetrelOceanodroma [castro, jabejabe or monteiroi]Rare/Accidental
Band-rumped or Cape Verde Storm-PetrelOceanodroma [castro or jabejabe]Rare/Accidental
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel (syn. castro)Oceanodroma castro (castro)Rare/Accidental
Leach's or Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma [leucorhoa, socorroensis, cheimomnestes or monorhis]
Leach's, Townsend's or Ainley's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma [leucorhoa, socorroensis or cheimomnestes]
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
Leach's Storm-Petrel (leucorhoa)Oceanodroma leucorhoa leucorhoa
Storm-petrel sp.Hydrobatidae or Oceanitidae sp.
storm-petrel sp. (white-rumped)Hydrobatidae sp. (white-rumped)


Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Northern Fulmar [glacialis]Fulmarus glacialis [glacialis or auduboni]Rare/Accidental
Madeira PetrelPterodroma madeiraRare/Accidental
Fea's or Desertas PetrelPterodroma [feae or deserta]
Desertas PetrelPterodroma deserta
Soft-plumaged, Madeira, Fea's or Desertas PetrelPterodroma [mollis, madeira, feae or deserta]Rare/Accidental
Black-capped or Jamaican PetrelPterodroma [hasitata or caribbaea]Rare/Accidental
Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitataRare/Accidental
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravis
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna grisea
Sooty Shearwater (syn. grisea)Ardenna grisea (grisea)
Scopoli's, Cory's or Cape Verde ShearwaterCalonectris [diomedea, borealis or edwardsii]
Scopoli's or Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris [diomedea or borealis]
Scopoli's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris borealis
Cape Verde ShearwaterCalonectris edwardsiiRare/Accidental
Puffinus sp.Puffinus
Manx or Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus [puffinus or lherminieri]
Manx, Townsend's or Fluttering ShearwaterPuffinus [puffinus, yelkouan, mauretanicus, opisthomelas, auricularis, newelli or gavia]
Manx or Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus [puffinus, yelkouan, mauretanicus, opisthomelas, auricularis or newelli]
Manx or Black-vented ShearwaterPuffinus [puffinus, yelkouan, mauretanicus or opisthomelas]
Manx, Levantine or Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus [puffinus, yelkouan or mauretanicus]
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Levantine or Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus [yelkouan or mauretanicus]
Levantine shearwaterPuffinus yelkouan
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicus
Audubon's or Little ShearwaterPuffinus [lherminieri, bailloni, subalaris, bannermani, persicus, heinrothi or assimilis]Rare/Accidental
Audubon's or Heinroth's ShearwaterPuffinus [lherminieri, bailloni, subalaris, bannermani, persicus or heinrothi]Rare/Accidental
Audubon's or Persian ShearwaterPuffinus [lherminieri, bailloni, subalaris, bannermani or persicus]Rare/Accidental
Tropical, Persian or Bannerman ShearwaterPuffinus [bailloni, persicus or bannermani]
Tropical or Persian ShearwaterPuffinus [bailloni or persicus]
Audubon, Barolo or Boyd's ShearwaterPuffinus [lherminieri, baroli or boydi]Rare/Accidental
Audubon's, Tropical, Galapagos or Persian ShearwaterPuffinus [lherminieri, bailloni, subalaris or persicus]Rare/Accidental
Audubon's, Tropical, Bannerman's or Persian ShearwaterPuffinus [lherminieri, bailloni, bannermani or persicus]Rare/Accidental
Little or Macaronesian ShearwaterPuffinus [assimilis, elegans, boydi or baroli]Rare/Accidental
Barolo or Boyd's ShearwaterPuffinus [baroli or boydi]Rare/Accidental
Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroliRare/Accidental
Little, Barolo, Boyd's or Rapa ShearwaterPuffinus [assimilis, baroli or boydi, incl. myrtae]Rare/Accidental
Persian ShearwaterPuffinus persicus
Audubon or Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus [lherminieri or baroli]Rare/Accidental
Bulwer's or Jouanin PetrelBulweria [bulwerii or fallax]Rare/Accidental
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiRare/Accidental
Calonectris sp. or Puffinus sp.Calonectris or Puffinus sp.


Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibisRare/Accidental
Black StorkCiconia nigra
White or Oriental StorkCiconia [ciconia or boyciana]
White StorkCiconia ciconia
White Stork (ciconia)Ciconia ciconia ciconia


Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusRare/Accidental


American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Great Bittern (stellaris)Botaurus stellaris stellaris
Little or New Zealand BitternIxobrychus [minutus or novaezelandiae]
Little or Australian BitternIxobrychus [minutus or dubius]
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Little Bittern (minutus)Ixobrychus minutus minutus
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Black-crowned Night-Heron [nycticorax or hoactli]Nycticorax nycticorax [nycticorax or hoactli]
Black-crowned Night-Heron (nycticorax)Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Squacco Heron (ralloides)Ardeola ralloides ralloides
Western Cattle or Eastern Cattle EgretBubulcus [ibis or coromandus]
Western Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Western Cattle Egret (ibis)Bubulcus ibis ibis
Grey or Mauritanian HeronArdea [cinerea or monicae]
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Grey Heron [cinerea or jouyi]Ardea cinerea [cinerea or jouyi]
Grey Heron (cinerea)Ardea cinerea cinerea
Mauritanian HeronArdea monicaeRare/Accidental
Purple or Cape Verde HeronArdea [purpurea or bournei]
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Purple Heron [purpurea or bournei]Ardea purpurea [purpurea or bournei]
Purple Heron (purpurea)Ardea purpurea purpurea
Western Great or Eastern Great EgretArdea [alba or modesta]
Western Great EgretArdea alba
Western Great Egret [Eurasian]Ardea alba [alba]
Western Great Egret (alba)Ardea alba alba
Grey x Purple Heron (hybrid)Ardea [cinerea x purpurea]Rare/Accidental
Little, Western Reef or Dimorphic EgretEgretta [garzetta, gularis or dimorpha]
Little or Dimorphic EgretEgretta [garzetta or dimorpha]
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Little Egret (garzetta)Egretta garzetta garzetta
Dimorphic or Western Reef-EgretEgretta [gularis or dimorpha]Rare/Accidental
Western Reef-EgretEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Western Reef-Egret (gularis)Egretta gularis gularisRare/Accidental
Little Egret x Western Reef-Egret (hybrid)Egretta [garzetta x gularis]Rare/Accidental
Unidentified Heron or EgretArdeidae sp.
White egret sp.Egretta or Bubulcus sp.

PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Eurasian or Royal SpoonbillPlatalea [leucorodia or regia]
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
Eurasian Spoonbill (leucorodia)Platalea leucorodia leucorodia
WaldrappGeronticus eremitaBreeding endemic
Glossy or White-faced IbisPlegadis [falcinellus or chihi]
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus


Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensRare/Accidental
Magnificent Frigatebird (rothschildi)Fregata magnificens rothschildiRare/Accidental
Magnificent Frigatebird (rothschildi, syn. lowei)Fregata magnificens rothschildi (lowei)Rare/Accidental
Ascension or Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata [aquila or magnificens]Rare/Accidental


Northern GannetMorus bassanus
Masked or Nazca BoobySula [dactylatra or granti]Rare/Accidental
Masked BoobySula dactylatraRare/Accidental
Masked Booby [dactylatra]Sula dactylatra [dactylatra]Rare/Accidental
Masked Booby (melanops)Sula dactylatra melanopsRare/Accidental
Brown BoobySula leucogasterRare/Accidental
Brown Booby [White-bellied]Sula leucogaster [leucogaster]Rare/Accidental
Brown Booby (leucogaster)Sula leucogaster leucogaster

PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed or Crowned CormorantMicrocarbo [africanus or coronatus]Rare/Accidental
Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed Cormorant (africanus)Microcarbo africanus africanusRare/Accidental
Great or White-breasted CormorantPhalacrocorax [carbo or lucidus]
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Great Cormorant [Eurasian]Phalacrocorax carbo [sinensis or hanedae]
Great Cormorant (sinensis)Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis
Great Cormorant [Dark-breasted]Phalacrocorax carbo [carbo or sinensis]
Great Cormorant [incl. maroccanus]Phalacrocorax carbo [incl. maroccanus]
White-breasted CormorantPhalacrocorax lucidus
White-breasted Cormorant (lucidus)Phalacrocorax lucidus lucidusRare/Accidental
White-breasted Cormorant (maroccanus)Phalacrocorax lucidus maroccanus
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
European Shag [aristotelis]Phalacrocorax aristotelis [aristotelis]
European Shag (riggenbachi)Phalacrocorax aristotelis riggenbachiEndemic
European Shag (desmarestii)Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii


African DarterAnhinga rufaRare/Accidental
African Darter [rufa]Anhinga rufa [rufa or chantrei]Rare/Accidental
African Darter (chantrei)Anhinga rufa chantreiRare/Accidental
Oriental, African or Australian DarterAnhinga [melanogaster, rufa or novaehollandiae]Rare/Accidental
Shorebird sp.Charadriiformes sp.


Eurasian or Indian Thick-KneeBurhinus [oedicnemus or indicus]
Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus
Eurasian Thick-knee (saharae)Burhinus oedicnemus saharae
Eurasian Thick-knee (saharae, sensu stricto)Burhinus oedicnemus saharae (saharae)
Eurasian Thick-knee (saharae, syn. theresae)Burhinus oedicnemus saharae (theresae)Breeding endemic


Eurasian, African, Variable, Canary Islands, South Island, Pied or Chatham OystercatcherHaematopus [ostralegus, longirostris, finschi, moquini or unicolor]
Eurasian, Pied or South Island OystercatcherHaematopus [ostralegus, longirostris or finschi]
Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus
Eurasian Oystercatcher [ostralegus]Haematopus ostralegus [ostralegus]
Eurasian or South Island OystercatcherHaematopus [ostralegus or finschi]

CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta
Black-winged, Black, Ceylon, White-headed, Black-necked, Hawaiian or White-backed StiltHimantopus [himantopus or novaezelandiae]
Black-winged, White-headed, White-backed, Ceylon, Black-necked or Hawaiian StiltHimantopus [himantopus, ceylonensis, leucocephalus, mexicanus or melanurus]
Black-winged, White-headed, White-backed or Ceylon StiltHimantopus [himantopus, ceylonensis or leucocephalus]
Black-winged, Black-necked, Ceylon or Hawaiian StiltHimantopus [himantopus, ceylonensis or mexicanus]
Black-winged or Ceylon StiltHimantopus [himantopus or ceylonensis]
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Black-winged Stilt (himantopus)Himantopus himantopus himantopus


Charadrius or Anarhynchus sp.Charadrius or Anarhynchus sp.
Pluvialis sp.Pluvialis
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
American or Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis [dominica or fulva]
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Grey Plover (squatarola)Pluvialis squatarola squatarola
Charadrius sp.Charadrius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus
Common Ringed or Semipalmated PloverCharadrius [hiaticula or semipalmatus]
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Little Ringed Plover (curonicus)Charadrius dubius curonicus
Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuariusRare/Accidental
Kentish, Red-capped, Chestnut-banded, Snowy, White-fronted or Javan PloverCharadrius [alexandrinus, nivosus, pallidus, ruficapillus, marginatus or javanicus]
Kentish, Red-capped, Snowy, White-fronted or Javan PloverCharadrius [alexandrinus, nivosus, ruficapillus, marginatus or javanicus]
Kentish, White-fronted, Javan, Chestnut-banded or Snowy PloverCharadrius [alexandrinus, nivosus, pallidus, marginatus or javanicus]
Kentish, Chestnut-banded or Snowy PloverCharadrius [alexandrinus, nivosus or pallidus]
Kentish, Snowy or Javan PloverCharadrius [alexandrinus, nivosus or javanicus]
Kentish or Snowy PloverCharadrius [alexandrinus or nivosus]
Kentish or Javan PloverCharadrius [alexandrinus or javanicus]
Kentish or Snowy Plover [excl. dealbatus]Charadrius [alexandrinus or nivosus, excl. dealbatus]
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Kentish Plover [alexandrinus, nihonensis or seebohmi]Charadrius alexandrinus [alexandrinus, nihonensis or seebohmi]
Kentish Plover [alexandrinus or nihonensis]Charadrius alexandrinus [alexandrinus or nihonensis]
Kentish Plover [alexandrinus or dealbatus]Charadrius alexandrinus [alexandrinus or dealbatus]
Kentish Plover (alexandrinus)Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusRare/Accidental
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurusRare/Accidental


Common Greater or Australian Painted-snipeRostratula [benghalensis or australis]Rare/Accidental
Common Greater Painted-snipeRostratula benghalensisRare/Accidental


Unidentified ShorebirdScolopacidae sp.
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
Whimbrel or Hudsonian CurlewNumenius [phaeopus or hudsonicus]
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Whimbrel [phaeopus, islandicus, rogachevae or alboaxillaris]Numenius phaeopus [phaeopus, islandicus, rogachevae or alboaxillaris]
Whimbrel [phaeopus, islandicus or rogachevae]Numenius phaeopus [phaeopus, islandicus or rogachevae]
Whimbrel [phaeopus or islandicus]Numenius phaeopus [phaeopus or islandicus]
Whimbrel (phaeopus)Numenius phaeopus phaeopus
Hudsonian CurlewNumenius hudsonicusRare/Accidental
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Eurasian Curlew or WhimbrelNumenius [arquata or phaeopus]
Limosa sp.Limosa
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Black-tailed Godwit [limosa or islandica]Limosa limosa [limosa or islandica]
Black-tailed Godwit (limosa)Limosa limosa limosa
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Bar-tailed Godwit [European]Limosa lapponica [lapponica or taymyrensis]
Bar-tailed Godwit (lapponica)Limosa lapponica lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Ruddy Turnstone (interpres)Arenaria interpres interpres
Calidris sp.Calidris
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutus
Red Knot (islandica)Calidris canutus islandica
SanderlingCalidris alba
Sanderling (alba)Calidris alba alba
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minuta
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Purple or Rock SandpiperCalidris [maritima or ptilocnemis]Rare/Accidental
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritimaRare/Accidental
DunlinCalidris alpina
Dunlin (schinzii)Calidris alpina schinzii
Dunlin (arctica)Calidris alpina arctica
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellusRare/Accidental
Broad-billed Sandpiper (falcinellus)Calidris falcinellus falcinellusRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnax
Peep sp.Calidris sp. (peep sp.)
Short-billed or Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus [griseus or scolopaceus]Rare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Eurasian or Amami WoodcockScolopax [rusticola or mira]
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Gallinago sp.Gallinago
Great SnipeGallinago media
Common, South American, Wilson's, Magellanic or Puna SnipeGallinago [gallinago, delicata or paraguaiae]
Common or Wilson's SnipeGallinago [gallinago or delicata]
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Common Snipe (gallinago)Gallinago gallinago gallinago
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Common or Spotted SandpiperActitis [hypoleucos or macularius]
Tringa sp.Tringa
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Common Redshank (robusta)Tringa totanus robusta
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Common Greenshank (nebularia)Tringa nebularia nebularia
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental


Small or Red-backed ButtonquailTurnix [sylvaticus or maculosus]
Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus
Small Buttonquail (sylvaticus)Turnix sylvaticus sylvaticus


Cream-colored, Burchell's or Somali CourserCursorius [cursor, somaliensis or rufus]
Cream-colored or Somali CourserCursorius [cursor or somalensis]
Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Cream-colored Courser (cursor)Cursorius cursor cursor
Cream-colored Courser (cursor, sensu stricto)Cursorius cursor cursor (cursor)
Cream-colored Courser (cursor, syn. bannermani)Cursorius cursor cursor (bannermani)
Burchell's or Somali CourserCursorius [rufus or somaliensis]
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Collared Pratincole (pratincola)Glareola pratincola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniRare/Accidental


Unidentified AlcidAlcidae sp.
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica
Atlantic Puffin (grabae)Fratercula arctica grabae
RazorbillAlca torda
Razorbill (islandica)Alca torda islandica
DovekieAlle alleRare/Accidental
Common or Thick-billed MurreUria [aalge or lomvia]Rare/Accidental
Common MurreUria aalgeRare/Accidental
Common Murre (albionis)Uria aalge albionisRare/Accidental
Large alcid sp.Uria or Alca sp.


Skua/Jaeger sp.Stercorarius
Catharacta sp. (Stercorarius)Stercorarius (Catharacta)
Great, Chilean, South Polar, Southern or Brown SkuaStercorarius [skua, chilensis or maccormicki]
Great, Southern or Brown SkuaStercorarius [skua or antarcticus]
Great SkuaStercorarius skua
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental
Parasitic or Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius [parasiticus or longicaudus]
Pomarine or Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius [pomarinus or longicaudus]
Pomarine or Parasitic JaegerStercorarius [pomarinus or parasiticus]
Pomarine, Parasitic or Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius [pomarinus, parasiticus or longicaudus]


Unidentified GullLarinae sp.
Unidentified TernSterninae sp.
Brown NoddyAnous stolidusRare/Accidental
Brown Noddy (stolidus)Anous stolidus stolidusRare/Accidental
African SkimmerRynchops flavirostrisRare/Accidental
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Black-legged Kittiwake (tridactyla)Rissa tridactyla tridactyla
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Grey-headed GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalusRare/Accidental
Grey-headed Gull (poiocephalus)Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus poiocephalusRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Black-headed Gull (syn. ridibundus)Chroicocephalus ridibundus (ridibundus)
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Slender-billed or Black-headed GullChroicocephalus [genei or ridibundus]
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Laughing Gull (atricilla)Leucophaeus atricilla atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouinii
Great Black-headed GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Mediterranean or Relict GullIchthyaetus [melanocephalus or relictus]
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Larus sp.Larus
Mew or Short-billed GullLarus [canus or brachyrhynchus]
Mew or Short-billed Gull [excl. kamtschatschensis]Larus [canus or brachyrhynchus, excl. kamtschatschensis]
Mew GullLarus canus
Mew Gull [Mew]Larus canus [canus or heinei]
Mew Gull (canus)Larus canus canus
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed or Kelp GullLarus [marinus or dominicanus]Rare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Kelp GullLarus dominicanusRare/Accidental
Kelp Gull (vetula)Larus dominicanus vetulaRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Glaucous Gull (hyperboreus)Larus hyperboreus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesRare/Accidental
Iceland Gull [glaucoides or kumlieni]Larus glaucoides [glaucoides or kumlieni]Rare/Accidental
Iceland Gull (glaucoides)Larus glaucoides glaucoidesRare/Accidental
Herring Gull [sensu lato]Larus [argentatus (sensu lato) or glaucoides]
Herring, Yellow-legged, Vega, Lesser Black-backed or Heuglin's GullLarus [argentatus, cachinnans, vegae, fuscus or heuglini]
Herring, Yellow-legged or Vega GullLarus [argentatus, cachinnans or vegae]
European, American Herring or Vega GullLarus [argentatus, smithsonianus or vegae]Rare/Accidental
European or American Herring GullLarus [argentatus or smithsonianus]Rare/Accidental
European Herring GullLarus argentatus
Herring Gull [incl. cachinnans, michahellis, heuglini, vegae, mongolicus, thayeri]Larus [argentatus, cachinnans, michahellis, heuglini, vegae, mongolicus, thayeri]
Herring Gull [incl. cachinnans, michahellis, heuglini, vegae, mongolicus]Larus [argentatus, cachinnans, michahellis, heuglini, vegae, mongolicus]
Herring Gull [incl. heuglini and vegae]Larus argentatus [incl. heuglini, vegae]
Herring Gull [incl. vegae]Larus argentatus [incl. vegae]Rare/Accidental
Yellow-legged, Caspian or Armenian GullLarus [cachinnans, michahellis or armenicus, incl. mongolicus]
Yellow-legged Gull, Caspian, Baraba or Mongolian GullLarus [cachinnans or michahellis, incl. mongolicus]
Caspian, Baraba or Mongolian GullLarus [cachinnans, barabensis or mongolicus]
Caspian, Yellow-legged or Armenian GullLarus [cachinnans, michahellis, barabensis or armenicus]
Caspian or Yellow-legged GullLarus [cachinnans, michahellis or barabensis]
Caspian or Baraba GullLarus [cachinnans or barabensis]
Caspian GullLarus cachinnansRare/Accidental
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Yellow-legged Gull (michahellis)Larus michahellis michahellis
Yellow-legged Gull (atlantis)Larus michahellis atlantis
Caspian, Yellow-legged or Armenian Gull [excl. barabensis]Larus [cachinnans, michahellis or armenicus, excl. barabensis]
Caspian or Armenian GullLarus [michahellis or armenicus]
Caspian or Yellow-legged Gull [excl. barabensis]Larus [cachinnans or michahellis, excl. barabensis]
Lesser Black-backed or Siberian Gull [incl. barabensis]Larus [fuscus or heuglini, incl. barabensis]
Lesser Black-backed or Siberian GullLarus [fuscus or heuglini]
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Lesser Black-backed Gull [fuscus]Larus fuscus [fuscus or intermedius]
Lesser Black-backed Gull (fuscus)Larus fuscus fuscusRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed Gull (intermedius)Larus fuscus intermedius
Lesser Black-backed Gull (graellsii)Larus fuscus graellsii
Yellow-legged or Lesser Black-backed GullLarus [michahellis or fuscus]
Mediterreanean or Black-headed GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus or Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Bridled Tern (melanopterus)Onychoprion anaethetus melanopterus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Sooty Tern (fuscatus)Onychoprion fuscatus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Little, Saunders's or Least TernSternula [albifrons, antillarum or saundersi]
Little or Least TernSternula [albifrons or antillarum]
Little TernSternula albifrons
Little Tern [albifrons or innominata]Sternula albifrons [albifrons or innominata]
Little Tern (albifrons)Sternula albifrons albifrons
Little Tern (guineae)Sternula albifrons guineae
Gull-billed or Australian TernGelochelidon [nilotica or macrotarsa]
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Gull-billed Tern (nilotica)Gelochelidon nilotica nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Caspian Tern (syn. caspia)Hydroprogne caspia (caspia)
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Whiskered Tern (hybrida)Chlidonias hybrida hybrida
Whiskered Tern (hybrida, sensu stricto)Chlidonias hybrida hybrida (hybrida)
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black TernChlidonias niger
Black Tern (niger)Chlidonias niger niger
Roseate Tern (dougallii)Sterna dougallii dougallii
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Common Tern [hirundo, tibetana or minussensis]Sterna hirundo [hirundo, tibetana or minussensis]
Common Tern [hirundo or minussensis]Sterna hirundo [hirundo or minussensis]
Common Tern (hirundo)Sterna hirundo hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Common or Arctic TernSterna [hirundo or paradisaea]
Royal or West African Crested TernThalasseus [maximus or albididorsalis]
West African Crested TernThalasseus albididorsalis
Lesser Crested-TernThalasseus bengalensis
Lesser Crested-Tern (emigratus)Thalasseus bengalensis emigratus
Sandwich, Cayenne or Cabot's TernThalasseus [sandvicensis, acuflavidus or eurygnathus]
Sandwich or Cabot's TernThalasseus [sandvicensis or acuflavidus]
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Royal or Elegant TernThalasseus [maximus or elegans]


Osprey or Australian OspreyPandion [haliaetus or cristatus]
OspreyPandion haliaetus
Osprey (haliaetus)Pandion haliaetus haliaetus


Unidentified RaptorAccipitridae sp.
Black-shouldered, Black-winged or White-tailed KiteElanus [caeruleus, axillaris or leucurus]
Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
Black-shouldered Kite (caeruleus)Elanus caeruleus caeruleus
European, Oriental, Barred or Steere's Honey-buzzardPernis [apivorus, ptilorhynchus, celebensis or steerei]
European or Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis [apivorus or ptilorhynchus]
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
LammergeierGypaetus barbatus
Lammergeier [barbatus, aureus or hemachalanus]Gypaetus barbatus [barbatus, aureus or hemachalanus]
Lammergeier (barbatus)Gypaetus barbatus barbatus
Lammergeier (meridionalis)Gypaetus barbatus meridionalis
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
Egyptian Vulture (percnopterus)Neophron percnopterus percnopterus
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusRare/Accidental
Short-toed, Beaudouin's or Black-chested Snake-EagleCircaetus [gallicus, beaudouini or pectoralis]
Short-toed or Beaudouin's Snake-EagleCircaetus [gallicus or beaudouini]
Short-toed Snake-EagleCircaetus gallicus
Short-toed Snake-Eagle (gallicus)Circaetus gallicus gallicus
Hooded VultureNecrosyrtes monachusRare/Accidental
White-backed VultureGyps africanusRare/Accidental
Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelliRare/Accidental
Rueppell's Griffon (rueppelli)Gyps rueppelli rueppelliRare/Accidental
Eurasian or Cape GriffonGyps [fulvus or coprotheres]
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Eurasian Griffon (fulvus)Gyps fulvus fulvus
White-backed or Rueppell's Griffon VultureGyps [africanus or rueppelli]
Rueppell's or Eurasian GriffonGyps [rueppelli or fulvus]
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusRare/Accidental
Lappet-faced or Arabian VultureTorgos [tracheliotos or negevensis]
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotos
Lappet-faced Vulture (tracheliotos)Torgos tracheliotos tracheliotos
Lesser or Indian Spotted EagleClanga [pomarina or hastata]Rare/Accidental
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarinaRare/Accidental
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaRare/Accidental
Aquila sp.Aquila
Tawny, Asian Tawny or Steppe EagleAquila [rapax, vindhiana or nipalensis]
Tawny or Asian Tawny EagleAquila [rapax or vindhiana]
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Tawny Eagle (rapax)Aquila rapax rapax
Tawny Eagle (belisarius)Aquila rapax belisarius
Tawny Eagle (belisarius, sensu stricto)Aquila rapax belisarius (belisarius)
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisRare/Accidental
Steppe Eagle (orientalis)Aquila nipalensis orientalisRare/Accidental
Adalbert's EagleAquila adalbertiRare/Accidental
Eastern Imperial or Adalbert's EagleAquila [heliaca or adalberti]
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Golden Eagle (homeyeri)Aquila chrysaetos homeyeri
Bonelli's or African Hawk-EagleAquila [fasciata or spilogaster]
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Bonelli's Eagle (fasciata)Aquila fasciata fasciata
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Booted Eagle (syn. pennatus)Hieraaetus pennatus (pennatus)
Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabates
Dark Chanting-Goshawk [metabates or neumanni]Melierax metabates [metabates or neumanni]
Dark Chanting-Goshawk (metabates)Melierax metabates metabates
Dark Chanting-Goshawk (theresae)Melierax metabates theresaeEndemic
Harrier sp.Circus
Western or African Marsh HarrierCircus [aeruginosus, approximans, maillardi, macrosceles, spilonotus, spilothorax or ranivorus]
Western or Eastern Marsh HarrierCircus [aeruginosus, approximans, maillardi, macrosceles, spilonotus or spilothorax]
Western or Swamp Marsh HarrierCircus [aeruginosus or approximans]
Western Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Western Marsh-Harrier (harterti)Circus aeruginosus harterti
Hen or American HarrierCircus [cyaneus or hudsonius]
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusRare/Accidental
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Northern or Montagu's HarrierCircus [cyaneus or pygargus]
Pallid or Montagu's HarrierCircus [macrourus or pygargus]
Accipiter sp.Accipiter
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Eurasian Sparrowhawk (punicus)Accipiter nisus punicus
Eurasian or American GoshawkAccipiter [gentilis or atricapillus]
Eurasian GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Eurasian Goshawk [gentilis or marginatus]Accipiter gentilis [gentilis or marginatus]
Eurasian Goshawk (gentilis)Accipiter gentilis gentilis
Eurasian Goshawk (arrigonii)Accipiter gentilis arrigonii
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
White-tailed Eagle (albicilla)Haliaeetus albicilla albicillaRare/Accidental
Red or Cape Verde KiteMilvus [milvus or fasciicauda]
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black, Yellow-billed or Black-eared KiteMilvus [migrans, aegyptius or lineatus]
Black or Yellow-billed KiteMilvus [migrans or aegyptius]
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Black Kite (migrans)Milvus migrans migrans
Yellow-billed KiteMilvus aegyptiusRare/Accidental
Black or Black-eared Kite [excl. aegyptius]Milvus [migrans or lineatus, excl. aegyptius]
Red or Black KiteMilvus [milvus or migrans]
Buteo sp.Buteo
Common, Long-legged, Cape Verde or Socotra BuzzardButeo [buteo, refectus, japonicus, bannermani, socotraensis or rufinus]
Common, Cape Verde or Socotra BuzzardButeo [buteo, refectus, japonicus, bannermani or socotraensis]
Common or Cape Verde BuzzardButeo [buteo or bannermani]
Common, Himalayan or Eastern BuzzardButeo [buteo, refectus or japonicus]
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Common Buzzard [buteo, rothschildi, insularum, arrigonii, bannermani or socotraensis]Buteo buteo [buteo, rothschildi, insularum, arrigonii, bannermani or socotraensis]
Common Buzzard [buteo, rothschildi, insularum, arrigonii or bannermani]Buteo buteo [buteo, rothschildi, insularum, arrigonii or bannermani]
Common Buzzard [buteo, rothschildi, insularum or arrigonii]Buteo buteo [buteo, rothschildi, insularum or arrigonii]
Common Buzzard [buteo]Buteo buteo [buteo or harterti]
Common Buzzard (buteo)Buteo buteo buteo
Long-legged, Cape Verde or Socotra BuzzardButeo rufinus [incl. bannermanni, socotraensis]
Long-legged or Cape Verde BuzzardButeo rufinus [incl. bannermanni]
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
Long-legged Buzzard (cirtensis)Buteo rufinus cirtensis
Common or Long-legged BuzzardButeo [buteo or rufinus]
Common x Long-legged Buzzard (hybrid)Buteo [buteo x rufinus]Rare/Accidental
Eagle sp.Haliaeetus or Aquila sp.
owl sp.Strigiformes sp.


Barn, Ashy-faced, Eastern Barn, Cape Verde Barn Owl or Andaman Masked-OwlTyto [alba, furcata, javanica, deroepstorffi or glaucops]
Barn, Cape Verde Barn Owl, Andaman Masked-Owl or Eastern Barn OwlTyto [alba, furcata, javanica or deroepstorffi, incl. insularis]
Barn, Eastern Barn, Cape Verde Barn or Andaman Masked Owl [excl. insularis]Tyto [alba, furcata, javanica or deroepstorffi]
Barn, Eastern Barn, or Cape Verde Barn OwlTyto [alba, furcata or javanica, incl. insularis]
Barn or Eastern Barn OwlTyto [alba, furcata or javanica, incl. insularis, excl. detorta]
Barn Owl [incl. javanica, detorta, excl. delicatula]Tyto [alba, furcata or javanica, incl. insularis, excl. delicatula]
Barn Owl [incl. javanica, excl. delicatula]Tyto [alba, furcata or javanica, incl. insularis, excl. detorta, delicatula]
Barn or Eastern Barn Owl [excl. insularis]Tyto [alba, furcata or javanica, excl. detorta]
Barn, Eastern Barn or Cape Verde Barn Owl [excl. insularis]Tyto [alba, furcata, javanica]
Barn OwlTyto [alba or furcata, incl. stertens, insularis, excl. detorta]
Barn Owl [excl. insularis]Tyto [alba or furcata, excl. detorta]
Barn or Cape Verde Barn Owl [excl. stertens]Tyto [alba or furcata, incl. insularis group]
Barn Owl [excl. stertens]Tyto [alba or furcata, incl. insularis, excl. detorta]
Western Barn Owl [incl. stertens]Tyto alba [incl. stertens, excl. detorta]
Western Barn OwlTyto alba
Western Barn Owl [alba, excl. stertens]Tyto alba [alba]
Western Barn Owl [alba, guttata, ernesti, erlangeri]Tyto alba [alba, guttata, ernesti, erlangeri]
Western Barn Owl (alba)Tyto alba alba


Little OwlAthene noctua
Little Owl [noctua]Athene noctua [noctua]
Little Owl (glaux)Athene noctua glaux
Little Owl (saharae)Athene noctua saharae
Little Owl (saharae, sensu stricto)Athene noctua saharae (saharae)
Scops Owl [sensu lato]Otus scops [sensu lato]
Common, Oriental, Mindoro, Ryukyu or Mantanani Scops OwlOtus [scops, sunia, mindorensis, elegans or mantanensis]
Eurasian, Mindanao, Oriental or Mindoro Scops-OwlOtus [scops, cyprius, mirus, sunia or mindorensis]
Eurasian, Oriental or Mindoro Scops-OwlOtus [scops, cyprius, sunia or mindorensis]
Eurasian or Oriental Scops-OwlOtus [scops, cyprius or sunia]
Eurasian or Cyprus Scops-OwlOtus [scops or cyprius]
Eurasian Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Scops-Owl (scops)Otus scops scops
Eurasian Scops-Owl (mallorcae)Otus scops mallorcae
Asio sp.Asio
Long-eared or Abyssinian OwlAsio [otus or abyssinicus]
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Long-eared Owl [otus or canariensis]Asio otus [otus or canariensis]
Long-eared Owl (otus)Asio otus otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Short-eared Owl (flammeus)Asio flammeus flammeus
Marsh OwlAsio capensis
Marsh Owl (tingitanus)Asio capensis tingitanusEndemic
Long-eared or Short-eared OwlAsio [flammeus or otus]
Tawny or Himalayan OwlStrix [aluco or nivicolum]
Tawny Owl [incl. yamadae, ma]Strix aluco [incl. yamadae and ma]
Tawny or Maghreb OwlStrix [aluco or mauritanica]
Maghreb OwlStrix mauritanica
Bubo sp.Bubo
Eurasian, Pharaoh or Rock Eagle-OwlBubo [bubo, bengalensis or ascalaphus]
Eurasian or Rock Eagle-OwlBubo [bubo or bengalensis]Rare/Accidental
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo buboRare/Accidental
Eurasian Eagle-Owl [Eurasian]Bubo bubo [bubo]Rare/Accidental
Eurasian Eagle-Owl (hispanus)Bubo bubo hispanusRare/Accidental
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Pharaoh Eagle-Owl (ascalaphus)Bubo ascalaphus ascalaphus
Pharaoh Eagle-Owl (desertorum)Bubo ascalaphus desertorum


Hoopoe [sensu lato]Upupa [epops or marginata]
Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops
Eurasian Hoopoe [epops or senegalensis]Upupa epops [epops or senegalensis]
Eurasian Hoopoe [epops]Upupa epops [epops]
Eurasian Hoopoe [epops or saturata]Upupa epops [epops or saturata]
Eurasian Hoopoe (epops)Upupa epops epops


Unidentified WoodpeckerPicidae sp.
Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Eurasian Wryneck (mauretanica)Jynx torquilla mauretanica
Eurasian Green, Iberian or Levaillant's WoodpeckerPicus [viridis, sharpei or vaillantii]
Levaillant's WoodpeckerPicus vaillantii
Great Spotted or Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos [major or syriacus]
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Great Spotted Woodpecker [Atlas]Dendrocopos major [numidus or mauritanus]
Great Spotted Woodpecker (mauritanus)Dendrocopos major mauritanus
Great Spotted Woodpecker (mauritanus, sensu stricto)Dendrocopos major mauritanus (mauritanus)
Great Spotted Woodpecker (mauritanus, syn. lynesi)Dendrocopos major mauritanus (lynesi)


Merops sp.Merops
White-throated Bee-eaterMerops albicollisRare/Accidental
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
Blue-cheeked Bee-eater (chrysocercus)Merops persicus chrysocercus
Olive, Blue-tailed or Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops [superciliosus or philippinus]
Olive or Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops [superciliosus or persicus]
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster
Blue-cheeked or Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops [persicus or philippinus]


European RollerCoracias garrulus
European Roller (garrulus)Coracias garrulus garrulus
Abyssinian RollerCoracias abyssinicusRare/Accidental


Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Common Kingfisher [atthis, incl. floresiana]Alcedo atthis [atthis, incl. floresiana]
Common Kingfisher [atthis, ispida, bengalensis or taprobana]Alcedo atthis [atthis, ispida, bengalensis or taprobana]
Common Kingfisher (atthis)Alcedo atthis atthis
Common Kingfisher (atthis, sensu stricto)Alcedo atthis atthis (atthis)
Diurnal raptor sp.Falconiformes sp.


Falco sp.Falco
Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Common, Lesser Cape Verde, Greater Cape Verde or South African KestrelFalco [tinnunculus, neglectus, alexandri or rupicolus]
Common or South African KestrelFalco [tinnunculus or rupicolus]
Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Common Kestrel [tinnunculus, dacotiae, rufescens]Falco tinnunculus [tinnunculus, dacotiae, rufescens]
Common Kestrel [tinnunculus]Falco tinnunculus [tinnunculus]
Common Kestrel [tinnunculus or perpallidus]Falco tinnunculus [tinnunculus or perpallidus]
Common Kestrel (tinnunculus)Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus
Common, Lesser Cape Verde or Greater Cape Verde KestrelFalco [tinnunculus, neglectus or alexandri]
Red-footed or Amur FalconFalco [vespertinus or amurensis]Rare/Accidental
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusRare/Accidental
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolorRare/Accidental
MerlinFalco columbarius
Merlin [Eurasian]Falco columbarius [aesalon]
Merlin (aesalon)Falco columbarius aesalon
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Eurasian Hobby (subbuteo)Falco subbuteo subbuteo
Eurasian Hobby (subbuteo, syn. jugurtha)Falco subbuteo subbuteo (jugurtha)
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Lanner Falcon (erlangeri)Falco biarmicus erlangeri
Saker FalconFalco cherrugRare/Accidental
Saker Falcon [excl. altaicus]Falco cherrug [excl. altaicus]Rare/Accidental
Saker Falcon (cherrug)Falco cherrug cherrugRare/Accidental
Peregrine or Cape Verde Peregrine Falcon [incl. babylonicus]Falco [peregrinus or madens, incl. babylonicus]
Peregrine or Barbary FalconFalco [peregrinus, madens or pelegrinoides]
Peregrine or Cape Verde Peregrine FalconFalco [peregrinus or madens]
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Peregrine Falcon [Eurasian group]Falco peregrinus [peregrinus]
Peregrine Falcon [peregrinus, japonensis or furuitii]Falco peregrinus [peregrinus, japonensis or furuitii]
Peregrine Falcon (minor)Falco peregrinus minor
Peregrine Falcon (brookei)Falco peregrinus brookei
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoides
Barbary Falcon (pelegrinoides)Falco pelegrinoides pelegrinoides
Barbary Falcon (pelegrinoides, sensu stricto)Falco pelegrinoides pelegrinoides (pelegrinoides)
Lesser or Common KestrelFalco [naumanni or tinnunculus]
Unidentified Large FalconFalco sp. (large falcon sp.)


Parrot sp.Psittacidae sp. (Parrot sp.)
Monk or Cliff ParakeetMyiopsitta [monachus or luchsi]Rare/Accidental
Monk ParakeetMyiopsitta monachusRare/Accidental


Rose-ringed, Reunion or Mauritius ParakeetPsittacula [krameri or eques]Rare/Accidental
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriRare/Accidental
Rose-ringed Parakeet [krameri]Psittacula krameri [krameri]Rare/Accidental
Passerine sp.Passeriformes sp.


Red-eyed, Yellow-green or Noronha VireoVireo [olivaceus, chivi, gracilirostris or flavoviridis]Rare/Accidental
Red-eyed, Chivi or Noronha VireoVireo [olivaceus, chivi or gracilirostris]Rare/Accidental
Red-eyed or Chivi VireoVireo [olivaceus or chivi]Rare/Accidental
Red-eyed Vireo [incl. agilis]Vireo olivaceus [incl. agilis]Rare/Accidental
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusRare/Accidental
Red-eyed Vireo [incl. forreri, insulanus, hypoleucos]Vireo olivaceus [incl. forreri, insulanus, hypoleucos]Rare/Accidental
Red-eyed or Noronha Vireo [incl. forreri, insulanus, hypoleucos]Vireo [olivaceus or gracilirostris, incl. forreri, insulanus]Rare/Accidental
Red-eyed Vireo [incl. forreri, insulanus]Vireo olivaceus [incl. forreri, insulanus]Rare/Accidental


Eurasian or Indian Golden-OrioleOriolus [oriolus or kundoo]
Eurasian Golden-OrioleOriolus oriolus

PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus
Black-crowned Tchagra (cucullatus)Tchagra senegalus cucullatus


Red-backed, Isabelline, Chinese, Turkestan or Daurian ShrikeLanius [collurio or isabellinus]Rare/Accidental
Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioRare/Accidental
Isabelline, Chinese or Turkestan ShrikeLanius [isabellinus, arenarius or phoenicuroides]Rare/Accidental
Isabelline or Chinese ShrikeLanius [isabellinus or arenarius]Rare/Accidental
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinusRare/Accidental
Great Gray, Northern, Southern or Steppe Grey ShrikeLanius [excubitor, borealis, meridionalis or pallidirostris]
Northern or Steppe Grey Shrike [incl. elegans]Lanius [excubitor or pallidirostris, incl. elegans]
Northern or Southern Grey Shrike [excl. pallidirostris]Lanius [excubitor, borealis or meridionalis, excl. pallidirostris]
Northern Shrike [incl. elegans]Lanius excubitor [incl. elegans]
Southern Grey or Steppe Grey ShrikeLanius [meridionalis or pallidirostris]
Southern Grey ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Southern Grey Shrike (meridionalis)Lanius meridionalis meridionalisRare/Accidental
Southern Grey Shrike [elegans]Lanius meridionalis [elegans]
Southern Grey Shrike [elegans, koenigi, algeriensis or leucopygos]Lanius meridionalis [elegans, koenigi, algeriensis or leucopygos]
Southern Grey Shrike (elegans)Lanius meridionalis elegans
Southern Grey Shrike (algeriensis)Lanius meridionalis algeriensis
Southern Grey Shrike [leucopygos or jebelmarrae]Lanius meridionalis [leucopygos or jebelmarrae]
Southern Grey Shrike (leucopygos)Lanius meridionalis leucopygos
Steppe Grey ShrikeLanius pallidirostrisRare/Accidental
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator
Woodchat Shrike [senator or rutilans]Lanius senator [senator or rutilans]
Woodchat Shrike (rutilans)Lanius senator rutilans
Woodchat Shrike (badius)Lanius senator badiusRare/Accidental
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicusRare/Accidental


Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Red-billed Chough [pyrrhocorax]Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax [pyrrhocorax]
Red-billed Chough (barbarus)Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax barbarus
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Yellow-billed Chough (graculus)Pyrrhocorax graculus graculus
Red-billed or Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax [pyrrhocorax or graculus]
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian Jay [glandarius or japonicus]Garrulus glandarius [glandarius, cervicalis, atricapillus, hyrcanus, brandtii, japonicus]
Eurasian Jay [glandarius, cervicalis, atricapillus, hyrcanus, brandtii]Garrulus glandarius [glandarius, cervicalis, atricapillus, hyrcanus, brandtii]
Eurasian Jay [Black-crowned]Garrulus glandarius [cervicalis, minor, whitakeri]
Eurasian Jay (cervicalis)Garrulus glandarius cervicalis
Eurasian Jay (minor)Garrulus glandarius minor
Eurasian Jay (whitakeri)Garrulus glandarius whitakeri
Eurasian, Black-billed or Arabian MagpiePica [pica, asirensis or hudsonia]
Eurasian or Arabian MagpiePica [pica or asirensis]
Eurasian, Black-rumped, Maghreb or Oriental MagpiePica [pica, bottanensis, mauritanica or serica]
Eurasian, Black-rumped or Oriental MagpiePica [pica, bottanensis or serica]
Eurasian or Oriental MagpiePica [pica or serica]
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian Magpie [Black-billed]Pica pica [pica]
Maghreb MagpiePica mauritanica
Corvus sp.Corvus
House CrowCorvus splendensRare/Accidental
Carrion or Hooded CrowCorvus [corone or cornix]
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Carrion Crow (corone)Corvus corone corone
Hooded CrowCorvus cornixRare/Accidental
Pied Crow, White-necked or Somali RavenCorvus [albus, edithae or ruficollis]Rare/Accidental
Pied Crow or Somali RavenCorvus [albus or edithae]Rare/Accidental
Pied CrowCorvus albusRare/Accidental
Brown-necked or Somali RavenCorvus [ruficollis or edithae]
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Common RavenCorvus corax
Common Raven [tingitanus, canariensis or jordansi]Corvus corax [tingitanus, canariensis or jordansi]
Common Raven (tingitanus)Corvus corax tingitanus
Unidentified RavenCorvus sp. (Raven sp.)
Eurasian or Daurian JackdawColoeus [monedula or dauuricus]
Eurasian JackdawColoeus monedula
Eurasian Jackdaw (cirtensis)Coloeus monedula cirtensis
Eurasian Jackdaw (spermologus)Coloeus monedula spermologus


Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Alpine Accentor (collaris)Prunella collaris collaris
Hedge AccentorPrunella modularis


Red-billed FirefinchLagonosticta senegalaRare/Accidental
Red-billed Firefinch (rhodopsis)Lagonosticta senegala rhodopsisRare/Accidental


Passer sp.Passer
House, Italian or Spanish SparrowPasser [domesticus, italiae or hispaniolensis]
House or Italian SparrowPasser [domesticus or italiae]
House SparrowPasser domesticus
House Sparrow [domesticus]Passer domesticus [domesticus]
House Sparrow (domesticus)Passer domesticus domesticus
House Sparrow (tingitanus)Passer domesticus tingitanus
Spanish or Italian SparrowPasser [hispaniolensis or italiae]
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Spanish Sparrow (hispaniolensis)Passer hispaniolensis hispaniolensis
Desert or Asian Desert SparrowPasser [simplex or zarudnyi]
Desert SparrowPasser simplex
Desert Sparrow (saharae)Passer simplex saharae
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (montanus)Passer montanus montanus
Sudan or Arabian Golden-SparrowPasser [luteus or euchlorus]
Sudan Golden-SparrowPasser luteusRare/Accidental
House or Spanish SparrowPasser [domesticus or hispaniolensis]
House or Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser [domesticus or montanus]
House x Spanish Sparrow (hybrid)Passer [domesticus x hispaniolensis]
Rock SparrowPetronia petronia
Rock Sparrow (petronia)Petronia petronia petronia
Rock Sparrow (petronia, sensu stricto)Petronia petronia petronia (petronia)
Rock Sparrow (barbara)Petronia petronia barbara


Anthus sp.Anthus
Richard's, African, Cameroon or Jackson's PipitAnthus [richardi, cinnamomeus, camaroonensis or latistriatus]
Richard's or Paddyfield PipitAnthus [richardi or rufulus]Rare/Accidental
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiRare/Accidental
New Zealand, Australian, African, Cameroon, Jackson's, Mountain, Richard's or Paddyfield PipitAnthus [novaeseelandiae, australis, cinnamomeus, camaroonensis, latistriatus, richardi or rufulus]
New Zealand, African, Richard's, Cameroon, Mountain, Paddyfield or Australian PipitAnthus [novaeseelandiae, australis, cinnamomeus, richardi or rufulus]
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Tawny Pipit (campestris)Anthus campestris campestris
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Tree Pipit [trivialis or sibiricus]Anthus trivialis [trivialis or sibiricus]
Tree Pipit (trivialis)Anthus trivialis trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Olive-backed Pipit (yunnanensis)Anthus hodgsoni yunnanensisRare/Accidental
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Meadow Pipit (pratensis)Anthus pratensis pratensis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Red-throated Pipit (rufogularis)Anthus cervinus rufogularis
Rock PipitAnthus petrosusRare/Accidental
Rock Pipit (littoralis)Anthus petrosus littoralis
Water, Rock or American PipitAnthus [spinoletta, rubescens or petrosus]
Water or American PipitAnthus [spinoletta or rubescens]
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
Water Pipit [spinoletta]Anthus spinoletta [spinoletta or coutellii]
Water Pipit (spinoletta)Anthus spinoletta spinoletta
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental
Meadow or Water PipitAnthus [pratensis or spinoletta]
Meadow or Tree PipitAnthus [pratensis or trivialis]
Tree or Olive-backed PipitAnthus [trivialis or hodgsoni]
Motacilla sp.Motacilla
White WagtailMotacilla alba
White Wagtail [alba, yarrellii, subpersonata, baicalensis, personata or ocularis]Motacilla alba [alba, yarrellii, subpersonata, baicalensis, personata or ocularis]
White Wagtail [alba or dukhuensis]Motacilla alba [alba or dukhuensis]
White Wagtail (alba)Motacilla alba alba
White Wagtail (yarrellii)Motacilla alba yarrellii
White Wagtail (subpersonata)Motacilla alba subpersonataEndemic
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Citrine Wagtail [citreola or werae]Motacilla citreola [citreola or werae]Rare/Accidental
Citrine Wagtail (citreola)Motacilla citreola citreolaRare/Accidental
Western or Eastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla [flava or tschutschensis]
Western Yellow Wagtail [incl. angarensis, macronyx, simillima, zaissanensis and taivana]Motacilla flava [incl. angarensis, macronyx, simillima, zaissanensis and taivana]
Western Yellow Wagtail [incl. plexa]Motacilla flava [incl. plexa]
Western Yellow Wagtail [incl. macronyx and taivana]Motacilla flava [incl. macronyx and taivana]
Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Western Yellow Wagtail [Blue-headed]Motacilla flava [flava]
Western Yellow Wagtail (flava)Motacilla flava flava
Western Yellow Wagtail (beema)Motacilla flava beema
Western Yellow Wagtail [Ashy-headed or Iberian]Motacilla flava [cinereocapilla or iberiae]
Western Yellow Wagtail [Ashy-headed]Motacilla flava [cinereocapilla]
Western Yellow Wagtail (cinereocapilla)Motacilla flava cinereocapilla
Western Yellow Wagtail (iberiae)Motacilla flava iberiae
Western Yellow Wagtail [Yellowish-crowned or Yellow-headed]Motacilla flava [flavissima or lutea]
Western Yellow Wagtail (flavissima)Motacilla flava flavissima
Western Yellow Wagtail [Black-headed]Motacilla flava [feldegg or melanogrisea]Rare/Accidental
Western Yellow Wagtail [thunbergi, incl. angarensis, macronyx]Motacilla flava [thunbergi, incl. angarensis, macronyx]
Western Yellow Wagtail [thunbergi, incl. angarensis]Motacilla flava [thunbergi, incl. angarensis]
Western Yellow Wagtail [thunbergi or plexa]Motacilla flava [thunbergi or plexa]
Western Yellow Wagtail (thunbergi)Motacilla flava thunbergiRare/Accidental
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Grey Wagtail [cinerea, canariensis, melanope or robusta]Motacilla cinerea [cinerea, canariensis, melanope or robusta]
Grey Wagtail (cinerea)Motacilla cinerea cinerea


Finch sp.Fringillidae sp.
Common, Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands or African ChaffinchFringilla [coelebs, moreletti, maderensis, canariensis or spodiogenys]
Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
Common Chaffinch [coelebs, tyrrhenica, caucasica, balearica or syriaca]Fringilla coelebs [coelebs, tyrrhenica, caucasica, balearica or syriaca]
African Chaffinch [spodiogenys, africana or harterti]Fringilla spodiogenys
African Chaffinch [africana or harterti]Fringilla spodiogenys [africana or harterti]
African Chaffinch (africana)Fringilla spodiogenys africana
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Common or African ChaffinchFringilla [coelebs or spodiogenys]
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Hawfinch (buvryi)Coccothraustes coccothraustes buvryi
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinusRare/Accidental
Eurasian or Azores BullfinchPyrrhula [pyrrhula or murina]Rare/Accidental
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhulaRare/Accidental
Eurasian Bullfinch [Eurasian]Pyrrhula pyrrhula [pyrrhula]Rare/Accidental
Eurasian Bullfinch [pyrrhula or paphlagoniae]Pyrrhula pyrrhula [pyrrhula or paphlagoniae]Rare/Accidental
Eurasian Bullfinch (pyrrhula)Pyrrhula pyrrhula pyrrhulaRare/Accidental
Eastern Crimson-winged or African Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys [sanguineus or alienus]
African Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys alienus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Trumpeter Finch (zedlitzi)Bucanetes githagineus zedlitzi
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
European Greenfinch [aurantiiventris, muehlei, vanmarli or voousi]Chloris chloris [aurantiiventris, muehlei, vanmarli or voousi]
European Greenfinch [aurantiiventris or muehlei]Chloris chloris [aurantiiventris or muehlei]
European Greenfinch (aurantiiventris)Chloris chloris aurantiiventris
European Greenfinch (vanmarli)Chloris chloris vanmarli
European Greenfinch (voousi)Chloris chloris voousi
Eurasian LinnetLinaria cannabina
Eurasian Linnet [cannabina]Linaria cannabina [cannabina or mediterranea]
Eurasian Linnet (mediterranea)Linaria cannabina mediterranea
Common, Hoary or Lesser RedpollAcanthis [flammea, cabaret or hornemanni]Rare/Accidental
Common or Lesser RedpollAcanthis [flammea or cabaret]Rare/Accidental
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Common Redpoll (flammea)Acanthis flammea flammeaRare/Accidental
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretRare/Accidental
Red or Scottish CrossbillLoxia [curvirostra or scotica]
Red or South Hills CrossbillLoxia [curvirostra or sinesciuris]
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Red Crossbill (curvirostra)Loxia curvirostra curvirostra
Red Crossbill (poliogyna)Loxia curvirostra poliogyna
Citril or Corsican FinchCarduelis [citrinella or corsicana]Rare/Accidental
Citril FinchCarduelis citrinellaRare/Accidental
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European Goldfinch [carduelis]Carduelis carduelis [carduelis]
European goldfinch [carduelis or volgensis]Carduelis carduelis [carduelis or volgensis]
European goldfinch (carduelis)Carduelis carduelis carduelis
European Goldfinch (parva)Carduelis carduelis parva
European Goldfinch (britannica)Carduelis carduelis britannica
European SerinSerinus serinus
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus


Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicusRare/Accidental
Snow or McKay's BuntingPlectrophenax [nivalis or hyperboreus]Rare/Accidental
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental
Snow Bunting (nivalis)Plectrophenax nivalis nivalisRare/Accidental


Emberiza sp.Emberiza
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaRare/Accidental
Yellowhammer (citrinella)Emberiza citrinella citrinellaRare/Accidental
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
Cirl Bunting (cirlus)Emberiza cirlus cirlus
Rock or Godlewski's BuntingEmberiza [cia or godlewskii]
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Rock Bunting [cia]Emberiza cia [cia]
Rock Bunting [cia, africana or hordei]Emberiza cia [cia, africana or hordei]
Rock Bunting [cia or hordei]Emberiza cia [cia or hordei]
Rock Bunting [cia or africana]Emberiza cia [cia or africana]
Rock Bunting (cia)Emberiza cia cia
Rock Bunting (africana)Emberiza cia africana
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Corn Bunting [calandra, thanneri or clanceyi]Emberiza calandra [calandra, thanneri or clanceyi]
Corn Bunting [calandra or thanneri]Emberiza calandra [calandra or thanneri]
Corn Bunting (calandra)Emberiza calandra calandra
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaRare/Accidental
Reed or Pallas's BuntingEmberiza [schoeniclus or pallasi]
Reed Bunting [incl. minor]Emberiza schoeniclus [incl. minor]
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Reed Bunting [schoeniclus, intermedia, passerinus or parvirostris]Emberiza schoeniclus [schoeniclus, intermedia, passerina or parvirostris]
Reed Bunting [schoeniclus or intermedia]Emberiza schoeniclus [schoeniclus or intermedia]
Reed Bunting [pyrrhuloides]Emberiza schoeniclus [pyrrhuloides]
Reed Bunting [witherbyi or lusitanica]Emberiza schoeniclus [witherbyi or lusitanica]
Reed Bunting (witherbyi)Emberiza schoeniclus witherbyi
Striated or House BuntingEmberiza [striolata or sahari]
House BuntingEmberiza sahari
House Bunting (sahari)Emberiza sahari sahari
House Bunting (sahari, sensu stricto)Emberiza sahari sahari (sahari)
Black-headed or Red-headed BuntingEmberiza [melanocephala or bruniceps]Rare/Accidental
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephalaRare/Accidental


Coal or Black-crested TitPeriparus [ater or melanolophus]
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Coal Tit [Atlas]Periparus ater [ledouci or atlas]
Coal Tit (atlas)Periparus ater atlasEndemic
Crested TitLophophanes cristatusRare/Accidental
Crested Tit (weigoldi)Lophophanes cristatus weigoldiRare/Accidental
Eurasian or African Blue TitCyanistes [caeruleus or ultramarinus]
Blue or African Blue TitCyanistes [caeruleus, teneriffae or ultramarinus]
Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Hierro, Palma or African Blue TitCyanistes [teneriffae, degener, ombriosus, palmensis or ultramarinus]
African Blue TitCyanistes ultramarinus
African Blue Tit (ultramarinus)Cyanistes ultramarinus ultramarinus
Eurasian Great, Cinereous, Japanese or Turkestan TitParus [major, cinereus, minor or bokharensis]
Eurasian Great, Cinereous or Japanese TitParus [major, cinereus or minor]
Great or Turkestan TitParus [major or bokharensis]
Great or Turkestan Tit [excl. intermedius]Parus [major or bokharensis, excl. intermedius]
Eurasian Great TitParus major
Eurasian Great Tit [major]Parus major [major]
Eurasian great tit [major, bargensis or kapustini]Parus major [major, bargensis or kapustini]
Eurasian Great Tit (excelsus)Parus major excelsus
Paridae sp.Paridae sp.


Eurasian, White-crowned or Black-headed Penduline-TitRemiz [pendulinus, macronyx or coronatus]Rare/Accidental
Eurasian, Chinese, Black-headed or White-crowned Penduline-TitRemiz [pendulinus, macronyx, coronatus or consobrinus]Rare/Accidental
Eurasian or Black-headed Penduline-TitRemiz [pendulinus or macronyx]Rare/Accidental
Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Penduline-Tit (pendulinus)Remiz pendulinus pendulinusRare/Accidental


Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Greater Hoopoe-Lark [alaudipes, desertorum, doriae]Alaemon alaudipes [alaudipes, desertorum, doriae]
Greater Hoopoe-Lark (alaudipes)Alaemon alaudipes alaudipes
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Bar-tailed Lark (arenicolor)Ammomanes cinctura arenicolor
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Desert Lark (mya)Ammomanes deserti mya
Desert Lark (payni)Ammomanes deserti payni
Desert Lark (payni, sensu stricto)Ammomanes deserti payni (payni)
Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigriceps
Black-crowned Sparrow-Lark (albifrons)Eremopterix nigriceps albifrons
Dupont's LarkChersophilus duponti
Dupont's Lark (duponti)Chersophilus duponti duponti
Dunn's or Arabian LarkEremalauda [dunni or eremodites]
Dunn's LarkEremalauda dunni
Mediterranean, Turkestan, Asian, Rufous or Athi Short-toed LarkAlaudala [rufescens, heini, cheleensis, somalica or athensis]
Mediterranean, Turkestan or Asian Short-toed LarkAlaudala [rufescens, heini or cheleensis]
Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed LarkAlaudala [rufescens or heini]
Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed Lark [excl. niethammeri]Alaudala [rufescens or heini, excl. niethammeri]
Mediterranean Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Mediterranean Short-toed Lark [rufescens, incl. heinei, pseudobaetica]Alaudala rufescens [rufescens, incl. heinei, pseudobaetica]
Mediterranean Short-toed Lark [minor or nicolli]Alaudala rufescens [minor or nicolli]
Mediterranean Short-toed Lark (minor)Alaudala rufescens minor
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Calandra Lark (calandra)Melanocorypha calandra calandra
Greater Short-toed, Mongolian, Blanford's or Erlanger's LarkCalandrella [brachydactyla, dukhunensis, blanfordi or erlangeri]
Greater or Mongolian Short-toed LarkCalandrella [brachydactyla or dukhunensis]
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Greater Short-toed Lark (rubiginosa)Calandrella brachydactyla rubiginosa
Red-capped, Greater or Mongolian Short-toed, Blanford's, Rufous-capped or Erlanger's LarkCalandrella [cinerea, brachydactyla, dukhunensis, blanfordi, eremica or erlangeri]
Horned, Przewalski's or Temminck's LarkEremophila [alpestris, teleschowi or bilopha]
Horned or Przewalski's LarkEremophila [alpestris or teleschowi]
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Horned Lark [Horned]Eremophila alpestris [alpestris]
Horned Lark [alpestris or praticola]Eremophila alpestris [alpestris or praticola]
Horned Lark (alpestris)Eremophila alpestris alpestris
Horned Lark (atlas)Eremophila alpestris atlasEndemic
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Wood Lark (pallida)Lullula arborea pallida
Eurasian or Japanese SkylarkAlauda [arvensis or japonica]
Eurasian Skylark [excl. japonica]Alauda arvensis [excl. japonica]
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Crested or Maghreb LarkGalerida cristata
Crested LarkGalerida cristata [cristata]
Crested Lark (cristata)Galerida cristata cristata
Crested Lark (kleinschmidti)Galerida cristata kleinschmidtiEndemic
Crested Lark (riggenbachi)Galerida cristata riggenbachiEndemic
Crested Lark (carthaginis)Galerida cristata carthaginis
Crested Lark [macrorhyncha]Galerida cristata [macrorhyncha or randonii]
Crested Lark (macrorhyncha)Galerida cristata macrorhyncha
Crested Lark (randonii)Galerida cristata randonii
Thekla LarkGalerida theklae
Thekla Lark (erlangeri)Galerida theklae erlangeriEndemic
Thekla Lark (ruficolor)Galerida theklae ruficolor
Thekla Lark (ruficolor, sensu stricto)Galerida theklae ruficolor (ruficolor)
Thekla Lark (ruficolor, syn. aguirrei)Galerida theklae ruficolor (aguirrei)
Thekla Lark (superflua)Galerida theklae superflua
Thekla Lark (carolinae)Galerida theklae carolinae
Thekla Lark (theresae)Galerida theklae theresae
Malabar or Thekla LarkGalerida [malabarica or theklae]
Crested or Thekla LarkGalerida [cristata, macrorhyncha or theklae]
Thekla or Crested LarkGalerida [theklae or cristata]
lark sp.Alaudidae sp.
Greater Short-toed Lark or Alaudala sp.Calandrella brachydactyla or Alaudala sp.
Greater, Lesser or Asian Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla or Alaudala [rufescens or cheleensis]
Greater or Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla or Alaudala rufescens


Bearded ParrotbillPanurus biarmicusRare/Accidental
Bearded Parrotbill (biarmicus)Panurus biarmicus biarmicusRare/Accidental


Cricket LongtailSpiloptila clamans
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Zitting Cisticola [juncidis, tinnabulans, brunniceps]Cisticola juncidis [juncidis, tinnabulans, brunniceps]
Zitting Cisticola [juncidis]Cisticola juncidis [juncidis]

PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia
Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilisRare/Accidental
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Savi's Warbler (luscinioides)Locustella luscinioides luscinioides
Pallas's Grasshopper-WarblerHelopsaltes certhiolaRare/Accidental

PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Eastern or Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna [pallida or opaca]
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler [reiseri or laeneni]Iduna pallida [reiseri or laeneni]
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler (reiseri)Iduna pallida reiseri
Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna opaca
Hippolais sp.Hippolais
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Acrocephalus sp.Acrocephalus
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Moustached Warbler (melanopogon)Acrocephalus melanopogon melanopogon
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicola
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Eurasian, African Reed-Warbler, Caspian Reed Warbler, Mangrove or Cinnamon Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus [scirpaceus, fuscus, baeticatus, avicenniae or cinnamomeus]
Eurasian or Caspian Reed-Warbler [incl. avicenniae]Acrocephalus [scirpaceus or fuscus, incl. avicenniae]
Eurasian Reed-Warbler [incl. avicenniae, excl. ambiguus]Acrocephalus [scirpaceus or fuscus, incl. avicenniae, excl. ambiguus]
Eurasian Reed-Warbler or Caspian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus [scirpaceus or fuscus]
Eurasian Reed-Warbler or Caspian Reed Warbler [excl. ambiguus]Acrocephalus [scirpaceus or fuscus, excl. ambiguus]
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Eurasian Reed-Warbler (scirpaceus)Acrocephalus scirpaceus scirpaceus
Eurasian Reed-Warbler (ambiguus)Acrocephalus scirpaceus ambiguus
African or Cinnamon Reed-Warbler [incl. ambiguus]Acrocephalus [baeticatus or cinnamomeus, incl. ambiguus]
African Reed-Warbler [incl. ambiguus]Acrocephalus baeticatus [incl. ambiguus]
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustrisRare/Accidental
Great, Basra or Oriental Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus [arundinaceus, orientalis or griseldis]
Great or Oriental Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus [arundinaceus or orientalis]
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Great or Basra Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus [arundinaceus or griseldis]
Great or Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus [arundinaceus or scirpaceus]
Marsh, Eurasian Reed or African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus [palustris, scirpaceus or baeticatus]
Eurasian Reed-Warbler/Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus [scirpaceus or palustris]


Unidentified swallowHirundinidae sp.
Northern, Siberian or Asian House-MartinDelichon [urbicum, lagopodum or dasypus]
Northern or Siberian House-MartinDelichon [urbicum or lagopodum]
Northern House-MartinDelichon urbicum
Northern House-Martin (meridionale)Delichon urbicum meridionale
Lesser Striated, Striated, Sri Lanka, West African or Rufous-bellied SwallowCecropis [daurica, rufula, melanocrissus, domicella, badia or hyperythra]
Lesser Striated, Striated, West African or Rufous-bellied SwallowCecropis [daurica, rufula, melanocrissus, domicella or badia]
Lesser Striated, Sri Lanka or West African SwallowCecropis [daurica, rufula, melanocrissus, domicella, hyperythra, excl. striolata group]
Lesser Striated or West African Swallow [excl. hyperythra]Cecropis [daurica, rufula, melanocrissus, domicella, excl. striolata group]
Lesser Striated or Sri Lanka SwallowCecropis [daurica, rufula, melanocrissus, hyperythra, excl. striolata group]
Red-rumped Swallow [incl. kumboensis, emini, excl. striolata group]Cecropis [daurica, melanocrissus, or rufula, excl. striolata group]
Lesser Striated Swallow (rufula)Cecropis rufula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Barn Swallow (rustica)Hirundo rustica rustica
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Eurasian Crag-Martin (syn. rupestris)Ptyonoprogne rupestris (rupestris)
Eurasian Crag-Martin (syn. theresae)Ptyonoprogne rupestris (theresae)Endemic
Pale Crag-Martin [incl. pusilla]Ptyonoprogne obsoleta [incl. pusilla]
Pale Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne obsoleta
Pale Crag-Martin (presaharica)Ptyonoprogne obsoleta presaharica
Rock Martin or Pale Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne [fuligula or obsoleta]
Eurasian Crag-Martin or Rock MartinPtyonoprogne [rupestris or fuligula]
Riparia sp.Riparia
Sand or Pale MartinRiparia [riparia or diluta]
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Plain, Madagascar or Grey-throated MartinRiparia [paludicola, cowani or chinensis]
Plain or Madagascar MartinRiparia [paludicola or cowani]
Plain MartinRiparia paludicola
Plain Martin (mauritanica)Riparia paludicola mauritanicaEndemic


Garden, Somali, Dodson's or Dark-capped BulbulPycnonotus [barbatus, somaliensis, dodsoni or tricolor]
Garden BulbulPycnonotus barbatus
Garden Bulbul [barbatus]Pycnonotus barbatus [barbatus]
Garden Bulbul (barbatus)Pycnonotus barbatus barbatus

PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Phylloscopus sp.Phylloscopus
Bonelli's or Balkan's WarblerPhylloscopus [bonelli or orientalis]
Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Pallas's Leaf-Warbler, Pale-rumped Warbler, Sichuan, La Touche's or Gansu Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus [proregulus, chloronotus, forresti, yunnanensis or kansuensis]Rare/Accidental
Pallas's Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus proregulusRare/Accidental
Pallas's Leaf-Warbler [incl. simlaensis]Phylloscopus proregulus [incl. simlaensis]Rare/Accidental
Yellow-browed or Buff-browed WarblerPhylloscopus [inornatus or humei]Rare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental
Buff-browed WarblerPhylloscopus humeiRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common, Siberian, Iberian, Canary Islands, Eastern or Caucasian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita [sensu lato]
Common, Siberian, Iberian or Canary Islands ChiffchaffPhylloscopus [collybita, tristis, ibericus or canariensis]
Common or Siberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus [collybita or tristis]
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Common Chiffchaff (collybita)Phylloscopus collybita collybita
Siberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus tristisRare/Accidental
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericus
Dusky or Smoky WarblerPhylloscopus [fuscatus or fuligiventer]Rare/Accidental
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Dusky Warbler (fuscatus)Phylloscopus fuscatus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Dusky Warbler [incl. weigoldi]Phylloscopus fuscatus [incl. weigoldi]Rare/Accidental
Dusky Warbler [incl. tibetanus]Phylloscopus fuscatus [incl. tibetanus]Rare/Accidental
Greenish Warbler, Green or Grey-legged Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus [trochiloides, plumbeitarsus or nitidus]Rare/Accidental
Greenish Warbler or Grey-legged Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus [trochiloides or plumbeitarsus]Rare/Accidental
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesRare/Accidental
Common or Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus [collybita or ibericus]
Common Chiffchaff or Willow WarblerPhylloscopus [collybita or trochilus]
Willow Warbler, Common Chiffchaff or Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus [trochilus, collybita or ibericus]

PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Streaked Scrub-WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Streaked Scrub-Warbler [saharae or theresae]Scotocerca inquieta [saharae or theresae]
Streaked Scrub-Warbler (saharae)Scotocerca inquieta saharae
Streaked Scrub-Warbler (saharae, sensu stricto)Scotocerca inquieta saharae (saharae)
Streaked Scrub-Warbler (theresae)Scotocerca inquieta theresaeEndemic
Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti
Cetti's Warbler [cetti or sericea]Cettia cetti [cetti or sericea]
Cetti's Warbler (cetti)Cettia cetti cetti


Long-tailed or Silver-throated TitAegithalos [caudatus or glaucogularis]Rare/Accidental
Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatusRare/Accidental


Sylvia sp.Sylvia
BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Blackcap (atricapilla)Sylvia atricapilla atricapilla
Blackcap (heineken)Sylvia atricapilla heineken
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Common WhitethroatCurruca communis
Common Whitethroat [communis or volgensis]Curruca communis [communis or volgensis]
Common Whitethroat (communis)Curruca communis communis
Lesser, Small, Margelanic Lesser or Hume's WhitethroatCurruca [curruca, althaea, minula or margelanica]
Lesser or Hume's WhitethroatCurruca [curruca or althaea]
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca curruca
Lesser Whitethroat [curruca, excl. telengitica]Curruca curruca [curruca, excl. telengitica]
Lesser Whitethroat [curruca, blythi, caucasica, halimodendri or telengitica]Curruca curruca [curruca, blythi, caucasica, halimodendri or telengitica]
Lesser Whitethroat [curruca, blythi or caucasica]Curruca curruca [curruca, blythi or caucasica]
Lesser Whitethroat [curruca or caucasica]Curruca curruca [curruca or caucasica]
Lesser Whitethroat [curruca or blythi]Curruca curruca [curruca or blythi]
Lesser Whitethroat (curruca)Curruca curruca curruca
Lesser, Small or Margelanic WhitethroatCurruca [curruca, minula or margelanica]
Asian Desert or African Desert WarblerCurruca [nana or deserti]
African Desert WarblerCurruca deserti
Western Orphean or Eastern Orphean WarblerCurruca [hortensis or crassirostris]
Western Orphean WarblerCurruca hortensis
Western Orphean Warbler (hortensis)Curruca hortensis hortensis
Sardinian WarblerCurruca melanocephala
Sardinian Warbler [melanocephala, pasiphae, leucogastra or valverdei]Curruca melanocephala [melanocephala, pasiphae, leucogastra or valverdei]
Sardinian Warbler [melanocephala, pasiphae or valverdei]Curruca melanocephala [melanocephala, pasiphae or valverdei]
Sardinian Warbler [melanocephala or valverdei]Curruca melanocephala [melanocephala or valverdei]
Sardinian Warbler [melanocephala, pasiphae or leucogastra]Curruca melanocephala [melanocephala, pasiphae or leucogastra]
Sardinian Warbler [melanocephala or pasiphae]Curruca melanocephala [melanocephala or pasiphae]
Sardinian Warbler (melanocephala)Curruca melanocephala melanocephala
Sardinian Warbler (valverdei)Curruca melanocephala valverdei
Eastern or Western Subalpine or Moltoni's WarblerCurruca [cantillans, iberiae or subalpina]
Eastern or Western Subalpine Warbler [incl. inornata]Curruca [cantillans or iberiae, incl. inornata]
Eastern or Western Subalpine WarblerCurruca [cantillans or iberiae]
Eastern Subalpine WarblerCurruca cantillansRare/Accidental
Eastern Subalpine Warbler [cantillans or subalpina]Curruca cantillans [cantillans or subalpina]
Eastern Subalpine Warbler (cantillans)Curruca cantillans cantillans
Eastern Subalpine Warbler (albistriata)Curruca cantillans albistriataRare/Accidental
Western Subalpine Warbler [inornata, incl. iberiae]Curruca inornata [incl. iberiae]
Western Subalpine WarblerCurruca iberiae
Moltoni's WarblerCurruca subalpinaRare/Accidental
Moltoni's Warbler [subalpina or moltonii]Curruca subalpina [subalpina or moltonii]
Moltoni's Warbler (syn. inornata)Curruca subalpina (inornata)
Spectacled WarblerCurruca conspicillata
Spectacled Warbler (conspicillata)Curruca conspicillata conspicillata
Tristram's WarblerCurruca deserticola
Tristram's Warbler [deserticola or maroccana]Curruca deserticola [deserticola or maroccana]
Tristram's warbler (deserticola)Curruca deserticola deserticola
Tristram's Warbler [maroccana or ticehursti]Curruca deserticola [maroccana or ticehursti]
Tristram's Warbler (maroccana)Curruca deserticola maroccana
Tristram's Warbler (ticehursti)Curruca deserticola ticehursti
Dartford WarblerCurruca undata
Dartford Warbler (toni)Curruca undata toni
Marmora's or Balearic WarblerCurruca [sarda or balearica]Rare/Accidental
Marmora's WarblerCurruca sardaRare/Accidental
Sylvia or Curruca sp.Sylvia or Curruca sp.

PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Fulvous ChattererArgya fulva
Fulvous Chatterer (maroccana)Argya fulva maroccanaEndemic
Fulvous Chatterer (buchanani)Argya fulva buchanani


Goldcrest or Canary Islands KingletRegulus [regulus or teneriffae]Rare/Accidental
GoldcrestRegulus regulusRare/Accidental
Goldcrest [regulus]Regulus regulus [regulus]Rare/Accidental
Goldcrest [regulus or interni]Regulus regulus [regulus or interni]Rare/Accidental
Firecrest or Madeira FirecrestRegulus [ignicapilla or madeirensis]
FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla
Firecrest (balearicus)Regulus ignicapilla balearicus


Short-toed Tree-CreeperCerthia brachydactyla
Short-toed Tree-Creeper (mauritanica)Certhia brachydactyla mauritanica


Wood, Kashmir, Siberian or Chestnut-vented NuthatchSitta [europaea, cashmirensis or nagaensis]
Wood, Kashmir or Siberian NuthatchSitta [europaea or cashmirensis]
Wood or Siberian Nuthatch [incl. montium]Sitta [europaea or arctica, incl. montium]
Wood or Siberian NuthatchSitta [europaea or arctica]
Wood Nuthatch [incl. montium]Sitta europaea [incl. montium]
Wood NuthatchSitta europaea
Wood Nuthatch (Western)Sitta europaea [europaea]
Wood Nuthatch [caesia]Sitta europaea [caesia]
Wood Nuthatch (caesia)Sitta europaea caesia
Wood Nuthatch (hispaniensis)Sitta europaea hispaniensis
Wood Nuthatch (hispaniensis, syn. atlas)Sitta europaea hispaniensis (atlas)Endemic
Wood Nuthatch (levantina)Sitta europaea levantina
WallcreeperTichodroma murariaRare/Accidental

PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian, Winter or Pacific WrenTroglodytes [troglodytes, hiemalis or pacificus]
Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes
Eurasian Wren [troglodytes]Troglodytes troglodytes [troglodytes]
Eurasian Wren (troglodytes)Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes
Eurasian Wren (kabylorum)Troglodytes troglodytes kabylorum


Common StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolor
European/Spotless StarlingSturnus [vulgaris or unicolor]
Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental


White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus
White-throated Dipper (minor)Cinclus cinclus minor


Rufous-tailed or African Scrub-RobinCercotrichas [galactotes or minor]
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Rufous-tailed Scrub-Robin (galactotes)Cercotrichas galactotes galactotes
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Spotted Flycatcher [striata]Muscicapa striata [striata]
Spotted Flycatcher (striata)Muscicapa striata striata
Spotted Flycatcher [tyrrhenica or balearica]Muscicapa striata [tyrrhenica or balearica]
European or Tenerife RobinErithacus rubecula
European RobinErithacus rubecula [rubecula]
European Robin [rubecula or sardus]Erithacus rubecula [rubecula or sardus]
European Robin (rubecula)Erithacus rubecula rubecula
European Robin (rubecula, sensu stricto)Erithacus rubecula rubecula (rubecula)
European Robin [witherbyi or sardus]Erithacus rubecula [witherbyi or sardus]
European Robin (witherbyi)Erithacus rubecula witherbyi
European Robin (melophilus)Erithacus rubecula melophilus
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
Common Nightingale [megarhynchos or africana]Luscinia megarhynchos [megarhynchos or africana]
Common Nightingale (megarhynchos)Luscinia megarhynchos megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Bluethroat [cyanecula, azuricollis or namnetum]Luscinia svecica [cyanecula, azuricollis or namnetum]
Bluethroat (namnetum)Luscinia svecica namnetum
Ficedula sp.Ficedula
European Pied or Atlas FlycatcherFicedula [hypoleuca or speculigera]Rare/Accidental
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleucaRare/Accidental
European Pied Flycatcher (iberiae)Ficedula hypoleuca iberiaeRare/Accidental
Atlas FlycatcherFicedula speculigera
Collared or Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula [albicollis or semitorquata]Rare/Accidental
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollisRare/Accidental
Red-breasted, Taiga or Kashmir FlycatcherFicedula [parva, albicilla or subrubra]Rare/Accidental
Red-breasted or Taiga FlycatcherFicedula [parva or albicilla]Rare/Accidental
Red-breasted flycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
Collared, Pied or Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula [albicollis, hypoleuca or semitorquata]
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Black Redstart [Western]Phoenicurus ochruros [gibraltariensis or aterrimus]
Black Redstart (gibraltariensis)Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Common Redstart (phoenicurus)Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus
Common Redstart (phoenicurus, syn. algeriensis)Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus (algeriensis)
Moussier's RedstartPhoenicurus moussieri
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush (syn. saxatilis)Monticola saxatilis (saxatilis)
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
Blue Rock-Thrush [solitarius, longirostris or pando]Monticola solitarius [solitarius, longirostris or pandoo]
Blue Rock-Thrush [solitarius]Monticola solitarius [solitarius]
Blue Rock-Thrush (solitarius)Monticola solitarius solitarius
Saxicola sp.Saxicola
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European, Reunion, African, Madagascar, Ethiopian, Siberian or Amur StonechatSaxicola [rubicola, torquatus, sibilla, albofasciatus, maurus, stejnegeri or tectes]
European, African, Madagascar, Ethiopian, Siberian or Amur StonechatSaxicola [rubicola, torquatus, sibilla, albofasciatus, maurus or stejnegeri]
European, African, Ethiopian or Madagascar StonechatSaxicola [rubicola, torquatus, sibilla or albofasciatus]
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
European Stonechat (rubicola)Saxicola rubicola rubicola
European, Siberian or Amur StonechatSaxicola [rubicola, maurus or stejnegeri]
Siberian or Amur StonechatSaxicola [maurus or stejnegeri]Rare/Accidental
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurusRare/Accidental
Siberian Stonechat [maurus, variegatus or indicus]Saxicola maurus [maurus, variegatus or indicus]Rare/Accidental
Oenanthe sp.Oenanthe
White-tailed WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
White-tailed Wheatear [leucopyga or aegra]Oenanthe leucopyga [leucopyga or aegra]
White-tailed Wheatear (aegra)Oenanthe leucopyga aegra
Black WheatearOenanthe leucura
Black Wheatear (riggenbachi)Oenanthe leucura riggenbachi
Northern, Somali or Seebohm's WheatearOenanthe [oenanthe, seebohmi or phillipsi]
Northern or Seebohm's WheatearOenanthe [oenanthe or seebohmi]
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Northern Wheatear [Eurasian]Oenanthe oenanthe [oenanthe or libanotica]
Northern Wheatear (oenanthe)Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe
Northern Wheatear (leucorhoa)Oenanthe oenanthe leucorhoa
Seebohm's WheatearOenanthe seebohmi
Mourning, Abyssinian, Western Mourning, Arabian or Schalow's WheatearOenanthe [lugens, warriae, halophila, lugubris, schalowi or lugentoides]
Mourning, Basalt or Western Mourning WheatearOenanthe [lugens, warriae or halophila]
Western Mourning WheatearOenanthe halophila
Mourning or Western Mourning Wheatear [incl. boscaweni]Oenanthe [lugens or halophila, incl. boscaweni]
Mourning, Abyssinian, Western Mourning or Schalow's WheatearOenanthe [lugens, halophila, lugubris or schalowi]
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta
Red-rumped Wheatear (moesta)Oenanthe moesta moesta
Western or Eastern Black-eared WheatearOenanthe [hispanica or melanoleuca]
Western Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Eastern Black-eared WheatearOenanthe melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Desert Wheatear (homochroa)Oenanthe deserti homochroa
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Northern, Eastern or Western Black-eared WheatearOenanthe [oenanthe, hispanica or melanoleuca]


Turdus sp.Turdus
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Ring Ouzel (torquatus)Turdus torquatus torquatus
Eurasian, Chinese, Indian or Tibetan BlackbirdTurdus [merula, mandarinus, simillimus or maximus]
Eurasian or Chinese BlackbirdTurdus [merula or mandarinus]
Eurasian Blackbird [incl. intermedius]Turdus merula [incl. intermedius]
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Eurasian Blackbird (mauritanicus)Turdus merula mauritanicus
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilarisRare/Accidental
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Redwing (iliacus)Turdus iliacus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Song Thrush (philomelos)Turdus philomelos philomelos
Song Thrush (clarkei)Turdus philomelos clarkei
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Mistle Thrush (viscivorus)Turdus viscivorus viscivorus
Mistle Thrush (deichleri)Turdus viscivorus deichleri


References (partial list)

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