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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Christmas Island

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Christmas Island , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Christmas Island [map]

Other names: Territory of Christmas Island

Number of species: 162
Number of endemics: 3
Number of breeding endemics: 2
Number of introduced species: 4
Date last reviewed: 2012-12-31
Last modified: 2021-10-25
See also: http://www.birdlife.org.au/images/uploads/branches/documents/WA-ChristmasIsl_Checklist.pdf
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

HardheadAythya australisRare/Accidental
GarganeySpatula querquedulaRare/Accidental
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Grey TealAnas gibberifrons

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseusRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaRare/Accidental
Red Collared DoveStreptopelia tranquebaricaRare/Accidental
Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
Christmas Imperial PigeonDucula whartoniEndemic Near-threatened
Torresian Imperial PigeonDucula spilorrhoa

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Grey NightjarCaprimulgus indicusRare/Accidental
Savanna NightjarCaprimulgus affinisRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculentaRare/Accidental
Himalayan SwiftletAerodramus brevirostrisRare/Accidental
Mossy-nest SwiftletAerodramus salanganaRare/Accidental
Fork-tailed SwiftApus pacificus
House SwiftApus nipalensisRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common KoelEudynamys scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Pacific KoelEudynamys orientalis
Horsfield's Bronze CuckooChalcites basalisRare/Accidental
Black-eared CuckooChalcites osculansRare/Accidental
Pallid CuckooHeteroscenes pallidusRare/Accidental
Large Hawk CuckooHierococcyx sparverioidesRare/Accidental
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fuscaRare/Accidental
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusillaRare/Accidental
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
WatercockGallicrex cinereaRare/Accidental
Black-tailed Native-henTribonyx ventralisRare/Accidental
Common CootFulica atraRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-petrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-petrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental
Black-bellied Storm-petrelFregetta tropica

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Matsudaira's Storm-petrelHydrobates matsudairaeVulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cape PetrelDaption capenseRare/Accidental
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolataRare/Accidental
Herald PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental
Barau's PetrelPterodroma barauiRare/Accidental Endangered
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloniRare/Accidental
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensisRare/Accidental
Schrenck's BitternIxobrychus eurhythmusRare/Accidental
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeusRare/Accidental
Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollisRare/Accidental
Japanese Night HeronGorsachius goisagiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Malaysian Night HeronGorsachius melanolophusRare/Accidental
Rufous Night HeronNycticorax caledonicusRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striataRare/Accidental
Chinese Pond HeronArdeola bacchusRare/Accidental
Javan Pond HeronArdeola speciosaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermediaRare/Accidental
Pied HeronEgretta picataRare/Accidental
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzettaRare/Accidental
Pacific Reef EgretEgretta sacra

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Christmas Island FrigatebirdFregata andrewsiBreeding endemic Critically endangered

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Abbott's BoobyPapasula abbottiBreeding endemic Endangered
Red-footed BoobySula sula
Brown BoobySula leucogaster

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboRare/Accidental
Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostrisRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Sooty OystercatcherHaematopus fuliginosusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinusRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredusRare/Accidental
Masked LapwingVanellus milesRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Little CurlewNumenius minutusRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Endangered
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
SanderlingCalidris albaRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Pintail SnipeGallinago stenuraRare/Accidental
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megalaRare/Accidental
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Common RedshankTringa totanusRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Australian PratincoleStiltia isabellaRare/Accidental
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarumRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Atoll TernGygis alba
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensisRare/Accidental
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergiiRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Oriental Honey BuzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensisRare/Accidental
Gray GoshawkAccipiter novaehollandiae
Brown GoshawkAccipiter fasciatusRare/Accidental
White-bellied Sea EagleHaliaeetus leucogasterRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Northern BoobookNinox japonicaRare/Accidental
Christmas Island BoobookNinox natalisEndemic Vulnerable

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthisRare/Accidental
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chlorisRare/Accidental
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Nankeen KestrelFalco cenchroides
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteoRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pittidae

Blue-winged PittaPitta moluccensisRare/Accidental
Fairy PittaPitta nymphaRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Tiger ShrikeLanius tigrinusRare/Accidental
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species Endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Forest WagtailDendronanthus indicusRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinereaRare/Accidental
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Green-headed WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis
White WagtailMotacilla albaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Rusty-rumped WarblerLocustella certhiolaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Oriental Reed WarblerAcrocephalus orientalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Asian House MartinDelichon dasypusRare/Accidental
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricansRare/Accidental
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Christmas Island White-eyeZosterops natalisEndemic Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental
Purple-backed StarlingAgropsar sturninusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Dark-sided FlycatcherMuscicapa sibiricaRare/Accidental
Blue-and-white FlycatcherCyanoptila cyanomelanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Island ThrushTurdus poliocephalus

 

References (partial list)

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