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Elk Island National Park

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Elk Island National Park , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2021. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Elk Island National Park [map]

Number of species: 259
Number of globally threatened species: 7
Number of introduced species: 6
Date last reviewed: 2018-12-23
Last modified: 2022-04-15
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Ross's GooseAnser rossii
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Wood DuckAix sponsa
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
American Black DuckAnas rubripesRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
White-winged ScoterMelanitta deglandi
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellus
Spruce GrouseCanachites canadensis
Gray PartridgePerdix perdixIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusVulnerable
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis
Clark's GrebeAechmophorus clarkii

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
American CootFulica americana
Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensis

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americana

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteri

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Common LoonGavia immer

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantNannopterum auritum

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White-faced IbisPlegadis chihi

 
CATHARTIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Northern HarrierCircus hudsonius
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusVulnerable
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Barred OwlStrix varia
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosa
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
American Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides dorsalis
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus
Downy WoodpeckerDryobates pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosus
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulus
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianusNear-threatened
Northern ShrikeLanius borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Canada JayPerisoreus canadensis
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata
Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Boreal ChickadeePoecile hudsonicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Purple MartinProgne subis
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletCorthylio calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Brown CreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
Sedge WrenCistothorus stellaris
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialisRare/Accidental
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens
Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueiiVulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinusVulnerable
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Gray-crowned Rosy-FinchLeucosticte tephrocotis
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Hoary RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
American Tree SparrowSpizelloides arborea
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querulaNear-threatened
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
LeConte's SparrowAmmospiza leconteii
Nelson's SparrowAmmospiza nelsoni
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Baird's SparrowCentronyx bairdii
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusVulnerable
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quisculaNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapillaRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilis
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphia
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataNear-threatened
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Hermit WarblerSetophaga occidentalisRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus

 

References (partial list)

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