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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Northwest Territories

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Northwest Territories , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2024

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Country or region: Northwest Territories [map]

Number of species: 298
Number of introduced species: 2
Date last reviewed: 2020-02-20
Last modified: 2024-03-21
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Brent GooseBranta bernicla
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Ross's GooseAnser rossii
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americana
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
American Black DuckAnas rubripesRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
Willow GrouseLagopus lagopus
Rock PtarmiganLagopus muta
White-tailed PtarmiganLagopus leucura
Dusky GrouseDendragapus obscurus
Spruce GrouseFalcipennis canadensis
Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellus

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritus
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoRare/Accidental
Passenger PigeonEctopistes migratoriusRare/Accidental
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubrisRare/Accidental
Calliope HummingbirdSelasphorus calliopeRare/Accidental
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensis
SoraPorzana carolina
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis
Whooping CraneGrus americana

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Great Northern DiverGavia immer
White-billed DiverGavia adamsii

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostrisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominica
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealis
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
SurfbirdCalidris virgataRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollis
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
WilletTringa semipalmataRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Black GuillemotCepphus grylle
Little AukAlle alleRare/Accidental
Brunnich's GuillemotUria lomvia
Common GuillemotUria aalgeRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudus
Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Ivory GullPagophila eburnea
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Black-tailed GullLarus crassirostrisRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canus
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus
Thayer's GullLarus thayeri
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes auraRare/Accidental
Black VultureCoragyps atratusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperiiRare/Accidental
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusRare/Accidental
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Tengmalm's OwlAegolius funereus
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicusRare/Accidental
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otusRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Barred OwlStrix varia
Great Grey OwlStrix nebulosa
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus
American Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides dorsalis
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitusRare/Accidental
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascensRare/Accidental
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondiiRare/Accidental
Dusky FlycatcherEmpidonax oberholseriRare/Accidental
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi
Western Wood PeweeContopus sordidulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Northern ShrikeLanius borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Gray JayPerisoreus canadensis
Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
Common RavenCorvus corax
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Blue JayCyanocitta cristataRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinereaRare/Accidental
Green-headed WagtailMotacilla tschutschensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertina
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Gray-crowned Rosy FinchLeucosticte tephrocotis
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusRare/Accidental
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Arctic RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Smith's LongspurCalcarius pictus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusRare/Accidental
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querula
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
American Tree SparrowPasserella arborea
Le Conte's SparrowAmmospiza leconteii
Nelson's SparrowAmmospiza nelsoni
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendiRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaRare/Accidental
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinus
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
DickcisselSpiza americanaRare/Accidental
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaRare/Accidental
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoenaRare/Accidental
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Siberian TitPoecile cinctus
Boreal ChickadeePoecile hudsonicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Kamtschatka Leaf WarblerSeicercus examinandusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

American TreecreeperCerthia americanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensisRare/Accidental
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

American DipperCinclus mexicanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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