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Sumba

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Sumba , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2023

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Country or region: Sumba [map]

Number of species: 320
Number of endemics: 10
Number of globally threatened species: 15
Number of introduced species: 2
Last modified: 2022-10-22
See also: http://www.noord.bart.nl/~edcolijn
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Wandering Whistling DuckDendrocygna arcuata
Lesser Whistling DuckDendrocygna javanica
HardheadAythya australis
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Grey TealAnas gibberifrons

 
GALLIFORMES: Megapodiidae

Orange-footed MegapodeMegapodius reinwardt

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Brown QuailSynoicus ypsilophorus
Blue-breasted QuailSynoicus chinensis
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Green JunglefowlGallus variusEndemic (country/region)

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

White-throated PigeonColumba vitiensis
Island Collared DoveStreptopelia bitorquata
Spotted-necked DoveStreptopelia chinensis
Barred Cuckoo DoveMacropygia unchall
Little Cuckoo DoveMacropygia ruficeps
Zebra DoveGeopelia striata
Barred DoveGeopelia maugeusEndemic (country/region)
Pink-necked Green PigeonTreron vernans
Sumba Green PigeonTreron teysmanniiEndemic
Flores Green PigeonTreron florisEndemic (country/region)
Nicobar PigeonCaloenas nicobarica
Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
Green Imperial PigeonDucula aenea
Pink-headed Imperial PigeonDucula rosaceaEndemic (country/region)
Dark-backed Imperial PigeonDucula lacernulataEndemic (country/region)
Pied Imperial PigeonDucula bicolor
Banded Fruit DovePtilinopus cinctusEndemic (country/region)
Red-naped Fruit DovePtilinopus dohertyiEndemic
Rose-crowned Fruit DovePtilinopus regina
Black-naped Fruit DovePtilinopus melanospilus

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Large-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus macrurus
Mees's NightjarCaprimulgus meesiEndemic (country/region)
Savanna NightjarCaprimulgus affinis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Cave SwiftletCollocalia linchi
Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculenta
Edible-nest SwiftletAerodramus fuciphagus
Asian Palm SwiftCypsiurus balasiensis
Fork-tailed SwiftApus pacificus
House SwiftApus nipalensis

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Lesser CoucalCentropus bengalensis
Common KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
Pacific KoelEudynamys orientalis
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiae
Horsfield's Bronze CuckooChalcites basalis
Shining Bronze CuckooChalcites lucidus
Little Bronze CuckooChalcites minutillus
Plaintive CuckooCacomantis merulinus
Rusty-breasted CuckooCacomantis sepulcralis
Brush CuckooCacomantis variolosus
Large Hawk CuckooHierococcyx sparverioides
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatus
Himalayan CuckooCuculus saturatus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Red-legged CrakeRallina fasciata
Buff-banded RailHypotaenidia philippensis
Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fusca
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
White-browed CrakeAmaurornis cinerea
WatercockGallicrex cinerea
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Dusky MoorhenGallinula tenebrosa

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-petrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-petrelPelagodroma marina

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Matsudaira's Storm-petrelHydrobates matsudairae

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelas
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Milky StorkMycteria cinerea
Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Rufous Night HeronNycticorax caledonicus
Striated HeronButorides striata
Javan Pond HeronArdeola speciosa
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Great-billed HeronArdea sumatrana
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
Pied HeronEgretta picata
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef EgretEgretta sacra

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regia
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Red-footed BoobySula sula
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Masked BoobySula dactylatra

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Pied CormorantMicrocarbo melanoleucos
Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris

 
PELECANIFORMES: Anhingidae

Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogaster

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostris

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Javan PloverCharadrius javanicusEndemic (country/region)
Red-capped PloverCharadrius ruficapillus
Malaysian PloverCharadrius peronii
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredus
Black-fronted DotterelElseyornis melanopsRare/Accidental
Masked LapwingVanellus miles

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-snipeRostratula benghalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Comb-crested JacanaIrediparra gallinacea

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Little CurlewNumenius minutus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensis
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris
Red KnotCalidris canutus
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Pintail SnipeGallinago stenura
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megala
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusRare/Accidental
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Red-backed ButtonquailTurnix maculosus
Barred ButtonquailTurnix suscitator
Sumba ButtonquailTurnix everettiEndemic

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Australian PratincoleStiltia isabella
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Atoll TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Common TernSterna hirundo
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
Oriental Honey BuzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Pacific BazaAviceda subcristata
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Changeable Hawk EagleNisaetus cirrhatus
Rufous-bellied EagleLophotriorchis kienerii
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Spotted HarrierCircus assimilis
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensis
Variable GoshawkAccipiter hiogaster
Brown GoshawkAccipiter fasciatus
Japanese SparrowhawkAccipiter gularis
BesraAccipiter virgatus
White-bellied Sea EagleHaliaeetus leucogaster
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
Black KiteMilvus migrans

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Eastern Grass OwlTyto longimembris
Pearly OwlTyto delicatula
Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Sumba BoobookNinox rudolfiEndemic
Northern BoobookNinox japonica
Brown BoobookNinox scutulata
Least BoobookNinox sumbaensisEndemic
Moluccan Scops OwlOtus magicus
Wallace's Scops OwlOtus silvicolaEndemic (country/region)

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Bucerotidae

Oriental Pied HornbillAnthracoceros albirostris
Sumba HornbillRhyticeros everettiEndemic

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Brown-capped WoodpeckerDendrocopos moluccensis

 
PICIFORMES: Ramphastidae

Lineated BarbetPsilopogon lineatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinus
Rainbow Bee-eaterMerops ornatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Oriental Dwarf KingfisherCeyx erithaca
Variable Dwarf KingfisherCeyx lepidus
Blue-eared KingfisherAlcedo meninting
Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Cerulean KingfisherAlcedo coerulescensEndemic (country/region)
Stork-billed KingfisherPelargopsis capensis
Javan KingfisherHalcyon cyanoventrisEndemic (country/region)
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus
Cinnamon-banded KingfisherTodiramphus australasiaEndemic (country/region)

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Spotted KestrelFalco moluccensisEndemic (country/region)
Nankeen KestrelFalco cenchroides
Australian HobbyFalco longipennis
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae

Yellow-crested CockatooCacatua sulphureaEndemic (country/region)

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Jonquil ParrotAprosmictus jonquillaceusEndemic (country/region)
Eclectus ParrotEclectus roratus
Red-cheeked ParrotGeoffroyus geoffroyi
Great-billed ParrotTanygnathus megalorynchos
Scarlet-breasted LorikeetTrichoglossus forsteni
Marigold LorikeetTrichoglossus capistratus
Rainbow LorikeetTrichoglossus haematodus
Wallace's Hanging ParrotLoriculus flosculusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pittidae

Elegant PittaPitta elegansEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

Streaky-breasted HoneyeaterMeliphaga reticulataEndemic (country/region)
Red-headed MyzomelaMyzomela erythrocephala
Sumba MyzomelaMyzomela dammermani
Red-rumped MyzomelaMyzomela vulnerataEndemic (country/region)
Brown HoneyeaterLichmera indistincta
Timor FriarbirdPhilemon inornatusEndemic (country/region)
Helmeted FriarbirdPhilemon buceroides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Plain GerygoneGerygone inornataEndemic (country/region)
Golden-bellied GerygoneGerygone sulphurea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Flores MinivetPericrocotus lansbergeiEndemic (country/region)
Black-faced CuckooshrikeCoracina novaehollandiae
Wallacean CuckooshrikeCoracina personataEndemic (country/region)
Sumba CicadabirdEdolisoma dohertyiEndemic (country/region)
Common CicadabirdEdolisoma tenuirostre
White-shouldered TrillerLalage sueuriiEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pachycephalidae

Fulvous-tinted WhistlerPachycephala fulvotincta
Fawn-breasted WhistlerPachycephala orpheusEndemic (country/region)
Banda Sea WhistlerPachycephala macrorhyncha
Australian Golden WhistlerPachycephala pectoralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Timor FigbirdSphecotheres viridisEndemic (country/region)
Olive-brown OrioleOriolus melanotisEndemic (country/region)
Black-naped OrioleOriolus chinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucoryn

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Hair-crested DrongoDicrurus hottentottus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

Northern FantailRhipidura rufiventris
Rufous FantailRhipidura rufifrons
Arafura FantailRhipidura dryas

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Brown ShrikeLanius cristatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Broad-billed MyiagraMyiagra ruficollis
Spectacled MonarchSymposiachrus trivirgatus
Blyth's Paradise-flycatcherTerpsiphone affinis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicaeidae

Thick-billed FlowerpeckerDicaeum agile
Blood-breasted FlowerpeckerDicaeum sanguinolentumEndemic (country/region)
Black-fronted FlowerpeckerDicaeum igniferumEndemic (country/region)
Red-chested FlowerpeckerDicaeum maugeiEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Brown-throated SunbirdAnthreptes malacensis
Apricot-breasted SunbirdCinnyris buettikoferiEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Baya WeaverPloceus philippinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Red AvadavatAmandava amandava
Javan MuniaLonchura leucogastroidesEndemic (country/region)
Black-faced MuniaLonchura moluccaEndemic (country/region)
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulata
Five-coloured MuniaLonchura quinticolorEndemic (country/region)
Pale-headed MuniaLonchura pallidaEndemic (country/region)
Timor SparrowLonchura fuscataEndemic (country/region)
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species
Zebra FinchTaeniopygia guttata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Pechora PipitAnthus gustavi
Paddyfield PipitAnthus rufulus
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Green-headed WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Stenostiridae

Grey-headed Canary-flycatcherCulicicapa ceylonensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Cinereous TitParus cinereus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horsfield's LarkMirafra javanica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Golden-headed CisticolaCisticola exilis
Bar-winged PriniaPrinia familiarisEndemic (country/region)
Olive-backed TailorbirdOrthotomus sepiumEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Gray's WarblerLocustella fasciolata
Stepanyan's WarblerLocustella amnicola
Tawny GrassbirdCincloramphus timoriensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Oriental Reed WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis
Australian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus australis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Fairy MartinPetrochelidon ariel
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricans
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Striated SwallowCecropis striolata
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Sooty-headed BulbulPycnonotus aurigaster
Yellow-vented BulbulPycnonotus goiavier

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Arctic WarblerSeicercus borealis
Kamtschatka Leaf WarblerSeicercus examinandus
Japanese Leaf WarblerSeicercus xanthodryas
Mountain Leaf WarblerSeicercus trivirgatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Russet-capped TesiaTesia everettiEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Yellow-spectacled White-eyeHeleia wallaceiEndemic (country/region)
Mountain White-eyeZosterops montanus
Ashy-bellied White-eyeZosterops citrinella

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Pale-bellied MynaAcridotheres cinereusEndemic (country/region)
Javan MynaAcridotheres javanicusEndemic (country/region)
Short-tailed StarlingAplonis minor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Grey-streaked FlycatcherMuscicapa griseisticta
Asian Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa dauurica
Sumba Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa segregataEndemic
Timor Blue FlycatcherCyornis hyacinthinusEndemic (country/region)
Fulvous-chested Jungle FlycatcherCyornis olivaceus
Flores Jungle FlycatcherEumyias oscillansEndemic (country/region)
Sumba Jungle FlycatcherEumyias stresemanniEndemic
Little Pied FlycatcherFicedula westermanni
Sumba FlycatcherFicedula hartertiEndemic
Blue Rock ThrushMonticola solitarius
Pied Bush ChatSaxicola caprata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Sunda ThrushZoothera andromedae
Scaly ThrushZoothera dauma
Orange-sided ThrushGeokichla peroniiEndemic (country/region)
Chestnut-backed ThrushGeokichla dohertyiEndemic (country/region)

 

References (partial list)

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