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Tsushima Island

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Tsushima Island , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2023

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Country or region: Tsushima Island [map]

Other names: 対馬, Tsushima, 対馬市

Number of species: 283
Number of introduced species: 4
Date last reviewed: 2017-10-07
Last modified: 2022-12-31
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Mute SwanCygnus olorIntroduced species
Bean GooseAnser fabalis
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americana
SmewMergellus albellus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Common PochardAythya ferina
Greater ScaupAythya marila
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Falcated DuckMareca falcata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
Chinese Spot-billed DuckAnas zonorhyncha
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Mandarin DuckAix galericulata

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Chinese Bamboo PartridgeBambusicola thoracicusIntroduced species
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Green PheasantPhasianus versicolorEndemic (country/region)

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritus
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
Japanese PigeonColumba janthina
Oriental Turtle DoveStreptopelia orientalis
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Red Collared DoveStreptopelia tranquebaricaRare/Accidental
White-bellied Green PigeonTreron sieboldii

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Grey NightjarCaprimulgus indicus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutus
Fork-tailed SwiftApus pacificus
House SwiftApus nipalensis

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Northern Hawk CuckooHierococcyx hyperythrus
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatus
Lesser CuckooCuculus poliocephalus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Slaty-legged CrakeRallina eurizonoides
Swinhoe's RailCoturnicops exquisitus
Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fusca
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusillaRare/Accidental
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurusRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Common CootFulica atra

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Black-throated DiverGavia arctica
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripes
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Swinhoe's Storm-petrelHydrobates monorhis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleucaRare/Accidental
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostris
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipes
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelas
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Oriental White StorkCiconia boyciana

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
Schrenck's BitternIxobrychus eurhythmus
Japanese Night HeronGorsachius goisagi
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Striated HeronButorides striata
Chinese Pond HeronArdeola bacchus
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef EgretEgretta sacra
Chinese EgretEgretta eulophotes

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
Black-faced SpoonbillPlatalea minor

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Brown BoobySula leucogaster

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Japanese CormorantPhalacrocorax capillatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Long-billed PloverCharadrius placidus
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-snipeRostratula benghalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Little CurlewNumenius minutus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensis
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megala
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerata
Long-billed MurreletBrachyramphus perdix
Spectacled GuillemotCepphus carbo
Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquus
Japanese MurreletSynthliboramphus wumizusume

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Saunders's GullSaundersilarus saundersi
Black-tailed GullLarus crassirostris
Mew GullLarus canus
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifrons
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Common TernSterna hirundo
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Oriental Honey BuzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Eastern Imperial EagleAquila heliaca
Eastern Marsh HarrierCircus spilonotus
Pied HarrierCircus melanoleucosRare/Accidental
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensis
Japanese SparrowhawkAccipiter gularis
BesraAccipiter virgatus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
White-tailed Sea EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea EagleHaliaeetus pelagicus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Grey-faced BuzzardButastur indicus
Japanese BuzzardButeo japonicus
Upland BuzzardButeo hemilasiusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Northern BoobookNinox japonica
Oriental Scops OwlOtus sunia
Collared Scops OwlOtus bakkamoena
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Ural OwlStrix uralensis

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Common HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Japanese WoodpeckerPicus awokera
White-bellied WoodpeckerDryocopus javensisExtirpated
Japanese Pygmy WoodpeckerDendrocopos kizuki
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Crested KingfisherMegaceryle lugubris
Ruddy KingfisherHalcyon coromanda

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Ashy MinivetPericrocotus divaricatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Black-naped OrioleOriolus chinensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Black DrongoDicrurus macrocercusRare/Accidental
Ashy DrongoDicrurus leucophaeusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Bull-headed ShrikeLanius bucephalus
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactes
Daurian JackdawCorvus dauuricus
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Japanese Paradise-flycatcherTerpsiphone atrocaudata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Russet SparrowPasser cinnamomeus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Pechora PipitAnthus gustaviRare/Accidental
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoni
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
American PipitAnthus rubescens
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaRare/Accidental
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Green-headed WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis
White WagtailMotacilla alba

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Yellow-billed GrosbeakEophona migratoria
Japanese GrosbeakEophona personata
Common RosefinchErythrina erythrinaRare/Accidental
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Asian Rosy FinchLeucosticte arctoa
Grey-capped GreenfinchChloris sinica
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Black-headed BuntingGranativora melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Chestnut-eared BuntingEmberiza fucata
Meadow BuntingEmberiza cioides
Yellow-throated BuntingSchoeniclus elegans
Pallas's Reed BuntingSchoeniclus pallasiRare/Accidental
Black-faced BuntingSchoeniclus spodocephala
Japanese Yellow BuntingSchoeniclus sulphuratus
Rustic BuntingSchoeniclus rusticus
Chestnut BuntingSchoeniclus rutilusRare/Accidental
Little BuntingSchoeniclus pusillus
Yellow-breasted BuntingSchoeniclus aureolus
Yellow-browed BuntingSchoeniclus chrysophrys
Grey BuntingSchoeniclus variabilis
Tristram's BuntingSchoeniclus tristrami

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Varied TitSittiparus varius
Willow TitPoecile montanus
Cinereous TitParus cinereus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eastern Penduline TitRemiz consobrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactylaRare/Accidental
Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Stepanyan's WarblerLocustella amnicola
Middendorff's WarblerLocustella ochotensis
Lanceolated WarblerLocustella lanceolata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusRare/Accidental
Manchurian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus tangorumRare/Accidental
Oriental Reed WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern House MartinDelichon urbicumRare/Accidental
Asian House MartinDelichon dasypus
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Brown-eared BulbulHypsipetes amaurotis
Styan's BulbulPycnonotus taivanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Yellow-browed WarblerAbrornis inornatus
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarziRare/Accidental
Eastern Crowned Leaf WarblerSeicercus coronatus
Arctic WarblerSeicercus borealis
Japanese Leaf WarblerSeicercus xanthodryas
Sakhalin Leaf WarblerSeicercus borealoides
Pale-legged Leaf WarblerSeicercus tenellipesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Asian StubtailUrosphena squameiceps
Japanese Bush WarblerHorornis diphone
Manchurian Bush WarblerHorornis canturians

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Japanese White-eyeZosterops japonicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Japanese WaxwingBombycilla japonica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Purple-backed StarlingAgropsar sturninusRare/Accidental
Chestnut-cheeked StarlingAgropsar philippensis
White-shouldered StarlingSturnia sinensis
Red-billed StarlingSpodiopsar sericeusRare/Accidental
White-cheeked StarlingSpodiopsar cineraceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

Brown DipperCinclus pallasii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Grey-streaked FlycatcherMuscicapa griseisticta
Dark-sided FlycatcherMuscicapa sibirica
Asian Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa dauurica
Blue-and-white FlycatcherCyanoptila cyanomelana
Rufous-tailed RobinLarvivora sibilansRare/Accidental
Japanese RobinLarvivora akahige
Siberian Blue RobinLarvivora cyane
Siberian RubythroatCalliope calliope
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurus
Taiga FlycatcherFicedula albicilla
Narcissus FlycatcherFicedula narcissina
Plumbeous Water RedstartRhyacornis fuliginosaRare/Accidental
Daurian RedstartPhoenicurus auroreus
Blue Rock ThrushMonticola solitarius
Eastern StonechatSaxicola maurus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

White's ThrushZoothera aurea
Scaly ThrushZoothera dauma
Siberian ThrushGeokichla sibirica
Japanese ThrushTurdus cardis
Grey-backed ThrushTurdus hortulorumRare/Accidental
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurus
Brown-headed ThrushTurdus chrysolaus
Pale ThrushTurdus pallidus
Naumann's ThrushTurdus naumanniRare/Accidental
Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomus

 

References (partial list)

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