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Shikoku

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Shikoku , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2024

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Country or region: Shikoku [map]

Other names: 四国

Number of species: 409
Number of introduced species: 7
Date last reviewed: 2013-05-24
Last modified: 2024-03-21
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Lesser Whistling DuckDendrocygna javanicaRare/Accidental
Mute SwanCygnus olorIntroduced species
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusRare/Accidental
Brent GooseBranta bernicla
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Greylag GooseAnser anser
Swan GooseAnser cygnoidRare/Accidental
Bean GooseAnser fabalis
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusRare/Accidental
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Scaly-sided MerganserMergus squamatusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadornaRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
Baer's PochardAythya baeri
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyroca
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
GarganeySpatula querquedulaRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Baikal TealSibirionetta formosa
Falcated DuckMareca falcata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americanaRare/Accidental
Chinese Spot-billed DuckAnas zonorhyncha
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Mandarin DuckAix galericulata

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Japanese QuailCoturnix japonica
Chinese Bamboo PartridgeBambusicola thoracicusIntroduced species
Copper PheasantSyrmaticus soemmerringiiEndemic (country/region)
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicus
Green PheasantPhasianus versicolorEndemic (country/region)

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritus
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
Japanese PigeonColumba janthina
Oriental Turtle DoveStreptopelia orientalis
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Red Collared DoveStreptopelia tranquebaricaRare/Accidental
White-bellied Green PigeonTreron sieboldii
Whistling Green PigeonTreron formosae

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Grey NightjarCaprimulgus indicus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutus
Fork-tailed SwiftApus pacificus
House SwiftApus nipalensis

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Northern Hawk CuckooHierococcyx hyperythrus
Indian CuckooCuculus micropterusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatus
Lesser CuckooCuculus poliocephalus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Swinhoe's RailCoturnicops exquisitus
Eastern Water RailRallus indicus
Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fusca
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusillaRare/Accidental
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurusRare/Accidental
WatercockGallicrex cinereaRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Common CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Siberian CraneLeucogeranus leucogeranusRare/Accidental
White-naped CraneAntigone vipioRare/Accidental
Demoiselle CraneGrus virgoRare/Accidental
Red-crowned CraneGrus japonensisRare/Accidental
Common CraneGrus grus
Hooded CraneGrus monacha

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Black-throated DiverGavia arctica
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
White-billed DiverGavia adamsiiRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilis
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripes
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Madeiran Storm-petrelHydrobates castro
Matsudaira's Storm-petrelHydrobates matsudairae
Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhous
Swinhoe's Storm-petrelHydrobates monorhis
Tristram's Storm-petrelHydrobates tristrami

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleuca
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisRare/Accidental
Juan Fernandez PetrelPterodroma externaRare/Accidental
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleriRare/Accidental
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostris
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna grisea
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipes
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelas
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigraRare/Accidental
Oriental White StorkCiconia boyciana

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Eurasian BitternBotaurus stellaris
Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
Schrenck's BitternIxobrychus eurhythmus
Japanese Night HeronGorsachius goisagi
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Striated HeronButorides striata
Chinese Pond HeronArdeola bacchus
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef EgretEgretta sacra
Chinese EgretEgretta eulophotes

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Black-headed IbisThreskiornis melanocephalusRare/Accidental
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodiaRare/Accidental
Black-faced SpoonbillPlatalea minorRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Red-footed BoobySula sula
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Masked BoobySula dactylatra

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Japanese CormorantPhalacrocorax capillatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaRare/Accidental
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Long-billed PloverCharadrius placidus
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredus
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Grey-headed LapwingVanellus cinereus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-snipeRostratula benghalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed JacanaHydrophasianus chirurgusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Little CurlewNumenius minutus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensis
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
Spoon-billed SandpiperCalidris pygmaea
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Solitary SnipeGallinago solitaria
Latham's SnipeGallinago hardwickii
Pintail SnipeGallinago stenura
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megalaRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes
Wandering TattlerTringa incanaRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Nordmann's GreenshankTringa guttiferRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerata
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhata
Least AukletAethia pusilla
Crested AukletAethia cristatella
Long-billed MurreletBrachyramphus perdix
Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquus
Japanese MurreletSynthliboramphus wumizusume
Brunnich's GuillemotUria lomvia
Common GuillemotUria aalge

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Atoll TernGygis albaRare/Accidental
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Saunders's GullSaundersilarus saundersi
Black-tailed GullLarus crassirostris
Mew GullLarus canus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagus
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescens
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Common TernSterna hirundo

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Oriental Honey BuzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusRare/Accidental
Mountain Hawk EagleNisaetus nipalensis
Eastern Imperial EagleAquila heliacaRare/Accidental
Eastern Marsh HarrierCircus spilonotus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pied HarrierCircus melanoleucosRare/Accidental
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensisRare/Accidental
Japanese SparrowhawkAccipiter gularis
BesraAccipiter virgatus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
White-tailed Sea EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Grey-faced BuzzardButastur indicus
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopusRare/Accidental
Japanese BuzzardButeo japonicus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Northern BoobookNinox japonica
Oriental Scops OwlOtus sunia
Collared Scops OwlOtus bakkamoena
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Ural OwlStrix uralensis

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Common HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Northern WryneckJynx torquilla
Japanese WoodpeckerPicus awokeraEndemic (country/region)
Japanese Pygmy WoodpeckerDendrocopos kizuki
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Crested KingfisherMegaceryle lugubris
Ruddy KingfisherHalcyon coromanda
Black-capped KingfisherHalcyon pileata

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Amur FalconFalco amurensisRare/Accidental
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteoRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pittidae

Fairy PittaPitta nympha

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Ashy MinivetPericrocotus divaricatus
Japanese MinivetPericrocotus tegimaeEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Black-naped OrioleOriolus chinensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Black DrongoDicrurus macrocercusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Tiger ShrikeLanius tigrinusRare/Accidental
Bull-headed ShrikeLanius bucephalus
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatus
Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioRare/Accidental
Chinese Grey ShrikeLanius sphenocercusRare/Accidental
Northern ShrikeLanius borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Azure-winged MagpieCyanopica cyanus
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactes
Daurian JackdawCorvus dauuricus
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Japanese Paradise-flycatcherTerpsiphone atrocaudata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Japanese AccentorPrunella rubida
Siberian AccentorPrunella montanellaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Russet SparrowPasser cinnamomeus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Forest WagtailDendronanthus indicus
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoni
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
American PipitAnthus rubescens
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Green-headed WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis
Japanese Pied WagtailMotacilla grandis
White WagtailMotacilla alba

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Yellow-billed GrosbeakEophona migratoria
Japanese GrosbeakEophona personata
Common RosefinchErythrina erythrinaRare/Accidental
Long-tailed RosefinchCarpodacus sibiricus
Pallas's RosefinchCarpodacus roseus
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Asian Rosy FinchLeucosticte arctoa
Grey-capped GreenfinchChloris sinica
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Chestnut-eared BuntingEmberiza fucata
Meadow BuntingEmberiza cioides
Grey-necked BuntingEmberiza buchananiRare/Accidental
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Yellow-throated BuntingSchoeniclus elegans
Japanese Reed BuntingSchoeniclus yessoensis
Pallas's Reed BuntingSchoeniclus pallasiRare/Accidental
Eurasian Reed BuntingSchoeniclus schoeniclus
Black-faced BuntingSchoeniclus spodocephala
Japanese Yellow BuntingSchoeniclus sulphuratus
Rustic BuntingSchoeniclus rusticus
Little BuntingSchoeniclus pusillusRare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted BuntingSchoeniclus aureolus
Yellow-browed BuntingSchoeniclus chrysophrys
Grey BuntingSchoeniclus variabilis
Tristram's BuntingSchoeniclus tristrami

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrysRare/Accidental
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Varied TitSittiparus varius
Willow TitPoecile montanus
Cinereous TitParus cinereus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eastern Penduline TitRemiz consobrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactylaRare/Accidental
Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Stepanyan's WarblerLocustella amnicola
Japanese Swamp WarblerLocustella pryeriRare/Accidental
Middendorff's WarblerLocustella ochotensis
Styan's WarblerLocustella pleskei
Lanceolated WarblerLocustella lanceolata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Black-browed Reed WarblerAcrocephalus bistrigiceps
Oriental Reed WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Asian House MartinDelichon dasypus
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Brown-eared BulbulHypsipetes amaurotis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Chinese Leaf WarblerAbrornis yunnanensisRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerAbrornis inornatus
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Eastern Crowned Leaf WarblerSeicercus coronatus
Ijima's Leaf WarblerSeicercus ijimaeRare/Accidental
Arctic WarblerSeicercus borealis
Kamtschatka Leaf WarblerSeicercus examinandus
Japanese Leaf WarblerSeicercus xanthodryasEndemic (country/region)
Sakhalin Leaf WarblerSeicercus borealoides
Pale-legged Leaf WarblerSeicercus tenellipesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Asian StubtailUrosphena squameiceps
Japanese Bush WarblerHorornis diphone
Manchurian Bush WarblerHorornis canturians

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Lesser WhitethroatCurruca currucaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Chestnut-flanked White-eyeZosterops erythropleurusRare/Accidental
Japanese White-eyeZosterops japonicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Moustached Laughing-thrushGarrulax cineraceusIntroduced species
White-browed Laughing-thrushGarrulax sannioIntroduced species
Red-billed LeiothrixLeiothrix luteaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Japanese WaxwingBombycilla japonica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Chestnut-cheeked StarlingAgropsar philippensis
Red-billed StarlingSpodiopsar sericeusRare/Accidental
White-cheeked StarlingSpodiopsar cineraceus
Crested MynaAcridotheres cristatellusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

Brown DipperCinclus pallasii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Grey-streaked FlycatcherMuscicapa griseisticta
Dark-sided FlycatcherMuscicapa sibirica
Asian Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa dauurica
Blue-and-white FlycatcherCyanoptila cyanomelana
Japanese RobinLarvivora akahige
Siberian Blue RobinLarvivora cyane
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Siberian RubythroatCalliope calliope
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurus
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
Taiga FlycatcherFicedula albicilla
Mugimaki FlycatcherFicedula mugimaki
Narcissus FlycatcherFicedula narcissina
Daurian RedstartPhoenicurus auroreus
Blue Rock ThrushMonticola solitarius
Eastern StonechatSaxicola maurus
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

White's ThrushZoothera aurea
Scaly ThrushZoothera dauma
Siberian ThrushGeokichla sibirica
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorusRare/Accidental
Japanese ThrushTurdus cardis
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurus
Brown-headed ThrushTurdus chrysolaus
Pale ThrushTurdus pallidus
Naumann's ThrushTurdus naumanniRare/Accidental
Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomus

 

References (partial list)

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