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Latvia

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Latvia , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Latvia [map]

Other names: Republic of Latvia

Number of species: 374
Number of globally threatened species: 20
Number of introduced species: 3
Date last reviewed: 2016-12-04
Last modified: 2022-07-22
See also: http://www.putni.lv/saraksti/lvpsss.xlsx
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaRare/Accidental Endangered
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Brent GooseBranta bernicla
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsis
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisVulnerable
Canada GooseBranta canadensisIntroduced species
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusRare/Accidental
Greylag GooseAnser anser
Bean GooseAnser fabalis
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVulnerable
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaNear-threatened
Steller's EiderPolysticta stelleriVulnerable
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferinaVulnerable
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Wood DuckAix sponsaIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Northern Hazel GrouseTetrastes bonasia
Willow GrouseLagopus lagopus
Western CapercaillieTetrao urogallus
Eurasian Black GrouseLyrurus tetrix
Grey PartridgePerdix perdix

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritusVulnerable
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Wood PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle DoveStreptopelia turturVulnerable
Oriental Turtle DoveStreptopelia orientalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

European NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Common SwiftApus apus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Western Water RailRallus aquaticus
CorncrakeCrex crex
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusillaRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Common CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened
Great BustardOtis tardaVulnerable
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Black-throated DiverGavia arctica
Great Northern DiverGavia immerRare/Accidental
White-billed DiverGavia adamsiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhous

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
European White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusNear-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Eurasian BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pygmy CormorantMicrocarbo pygmaeusRare/Accidental
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Eurasian Golden PloverPluvialis apricaria
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusNear-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Little StintCalidris minuta
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Black GuillemotCepphus grylle
RazorbillAlca torda
Little AukAlle alle
Common GuillemotUria aalge

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudus
Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus
Great SkuaStercorarius skua

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaVulnerable
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Ross's GullRhodostethia roseaRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Mew GullLarus canus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellisRare/Accidental
Caspian GullLarus cachinnansRare/Accidental
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
European Honey BuzzardPernis apivorus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Griffon VultureGyps fulvus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisRare/Accidental Endangered
Eastern Imperial EagleAquila heliacaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatusRare/Accidental
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
White-tailed Sea EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Eurasian BuzzardButeo buteo

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Eurasian Pygmy OwlGlaucidium passerinum
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tengmalm's OwlAegolius funereus
Eurasian Scops OwlOtus scops
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Ural OwlStrix uralensis
Great Grey OwlStrix nebulosa
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusVulnerable
Eurasian Eagle OwlBubo bubo

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Common HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Northern WryneckJynx torquilla
Grey-headed WoodpeckerPicus canus
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos medius
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Eurasian Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides tridactylus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusVulnerable
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Saker FalconFalco cherrugRare/Accidental Endangered
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Turkestan ShrikeLanius phoenicuroidesRare/Accidental
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinusRare/Accidental
Lesser Grey ShrikeLanius minor
Great Grey ShrikeLanius excubitor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Siberian JayPerisoreus infaustus
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactes
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Common RavenCorvus corax
Carrion CrowCorvus corone

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Siberian AccentorPrunella montanellaRare/Accidental
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaRare/Accidental
Rock PipitAnthus petrosus
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinereaRare/Accidental
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
White WagtailMotacilla alba

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Common RosefinchErythrina erythrina
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
TwiteLinaria flavirostris
Common LinnetLinaria cannabina
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Arctic RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Parrot CrossbillLoxia pytyopsittacus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European SerinSerinus serinus
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Black-headed BuntingGranativora melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalosRare/Accidental
Eurasian Reed BuntingSchoeniclus schoeniclus
Rustic BuntingSchoeniclus rusticusVulnerable
Little BuntingSchoeniclus pusillus
Yellow-breasted BuntingSchoeniclus aureolusCritically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Marsh TitPoecile palustris
Willow TitPoecile montanus
Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Azure TitCyanistes cyanus
Great TitParus major

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

European Penduline TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactylaRare/Accidental
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Crested LarkGalerida cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Rusty-rumped WarblerLocustella certhiola
Lanceolated WarblerLocustella lanceolataRare/Accidental
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Booted WarblerIduna caligataRare/Accidental
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaVulnerable
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Blyth's Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern House MartinDelichon urbicum
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Wood WarblerRhadina sibilatrix
Yellow-browed WarblerAbrornis inornatusRare/Accidental
Hume's Leaf WarblerAbrornis humeiRare/Accidental
Pallas's Leaf WarblerAbrornis proregulus
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatus
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarziRare/Accidental
Greenish Leaf WarblerSeicercus trochiloides
Arctic WarblerSeicercus borealisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerCurruca nanaRare/Accidental
Barred WarblerCurruca nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca curruca
Common WhitethroatCurruca communis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
Eurasian FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactylaRare/Accidental
Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosRare/Accidental
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Siberian RubythroatCalliope calliopeRare/Accidental
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollisRare/Accidental
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Eastern StonechatSaxicola maurusRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellinaRare/Accidental
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiRare/Accidental
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

White's ThrushZoothera aureaRare/Accidental
Scaly ThrushZoothera daumaRare/Accidental
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacusNear-threatened
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis

 

References (partial list)

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