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Maldives

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Maldives , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2021. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Maldives [map]

Other names: Republic of Maldives

Number of species: 203
Number of globally threatened species: 6
Number of introduced species: 6
Date last reviewed: 2022-01-12
Last modified: 2022-05-10
See also: http://orientalbirdclub.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Ash-Maldives.pdf
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Lesser Whistling-DuckDendrocygna javanicaRare/Accidental
Cotton Pygmy-GooseNettapus coromandelianusRare/Accidental
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Common QuailCoturnix coturnixRare/Accidental

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turturRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalis
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Chestnut-winged CuckooClamator coromandusRare/Accidental
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
Gray-bellied CuckooCacomantis passerinusRare/Accidental
Indian CuckooCuculus micropterusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Jungle NightjarCaprimulgus indicusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutus
Indian SwiftletAerodramus unicolor
Himalayan SwiftletAerodramus brevirostrisRare/Accidental
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidusRare/Accidental
Blyth's SwiftApus leuconyx
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropusRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atraRare/Accidental
WatercockGallicrex cinerea
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticusRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
RuffCalidris pugnax
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenura
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megalaRare/Accidental
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusRare/Accidental
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusRare/Accidental
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab-PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormicki
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticusRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Brown-headed GullChroicocephalus brunnicephalusRare/Accidental
White-eyed GullIchthyaetus leucophthalmusRare/Accidental
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichiiRare/Accidental
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostris
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Saunders's TernSternula saundersi
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Common TernSterna hirundo
White-cheeked TernSterna repressaRare/Accidental
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelHydrobates leucorhousRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelHydrobates monorhisNear-threatened
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelHydrobates castroRare/Accidental
Matsudaira's Storm-PetrelHydrobates matsudairaeVulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Trindade PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaVulnerable
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxNear-threatened
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasNear-threatened
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipesNear-threatened
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni
Persian ShearwaterPuffinus persicusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula
Abbott's BoobyPapasula abbottiRare/Accidental Endangered

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogasterRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little CormorantMicrocarbo nigerRare/Accidental
Indian CormorantPhalacrocorax fuscicollisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Spot-billed PelicanPelecanus philippensisNear-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollis
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
Little EgretEgretta garzettaRare/Accidental
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Indian Pond-HeronArdeola grayii
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Black-headed IbisThreskiornis melanocephalusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
ShikraAccipiter badiusRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Pallid Scops-OwlOtus bruceiRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epopsRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiasterRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusRare/Accidental
Indian RollerCoracias benghalensisRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Amur FalconFalco amurensis
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Oriental HobbyFalco severusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Large CuckooshrikeCoracina maceiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Indian Golden OrioleOriolus kundoo

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

Ashy WoodswallowArtamus fuscusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Indian Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone paradisiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Brown ShrikeLanius cristatusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schachRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

House CrowCorvus splendens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Mongolian Short-toed LarkCalandrella dukhunensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naeviaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaRare/Accidental
Streak-throated SwallowPetrochelidon fluvicolaRare/Accidental
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Garden WarblerSylvia borinRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Indian RobinCopsychus fulicatusRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Forest WagtailDendronanthus indicusRare/Accidental
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
White WagtailMotacilla albaRare/Accidental
Tree PipitAnthus trivialisRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulanaRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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