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Cozumel Island

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Cozumel Island , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2021. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Cozumel Island [map]

Number of species: 337
Number of endemics: 3
Number of globally threatened species: 4
Date last reviewed: 2009-05-06
Last modified: 2022-04-15
See also: http://www98.homepage.villanova.edu/robert.curry/Cozumel/birdlist.html
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsRare/Accidental
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
American WigeonMareca americanaRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas creccaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Cracidae

Plain ChachalacaOrtalis vetula
Crested GuanPenelope purpurascensNear-threatened
Great CurassowCrax rubraRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

American FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephalaNear-threatened
Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostris
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoRare/Accidental
African Collared-DoveStreptopelia roseogriseaRare/Accidental
Common Ground DoveColumbina passerina
Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti
Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosaRare/Accidental
White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
Caribbean DoveLeptotila jamaicensis
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Zenaida DoveZenaida aurita
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris
Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minorRare/Accidental
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis
Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis
Yucatan PoorwillNyctiphrynus yucatanicus
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisNear-threatened
Yucatan NightjarAntrostomus badius

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Nyctibiidae

Northern PotooNyctibius jamaicensis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaVulnerable
Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostii
Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris
Cozumel EmeraldCynanthus forficatusEndemic
Cinnamon HummingbirdAmazilia rutilaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Clapper RailRallus crepitans
Virginia RailRallus limicolaRare/Accidental
Spotted RailPardirallus maculatus
Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillaris
Russet-naped Wood-RailAramides albiventris
SoraPorzana carolina
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica
Yellow-breasted CrakeHapalocrex flaviventerRare/Accidental
Ruddy CrakeLaterallus ruber

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanusRare/Accidental
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosusNear-threatened
Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Northern JacanaJacana spinosa

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusNear-threatened
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Sabine's GullXema sabini
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidusRare/Accidental
Black NoddyAnous minutusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Least TernSternula antillarumRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Forster's TernSterna forsteri
Royal TernThalasseus maximus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Black SkimmerRynchops nigerRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelHydrobates leucorhousVulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiRare/Accidental
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieri

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Wood StorkMycteria americana

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

AnhingaAnhinga anhingaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantNannopterum auritum
Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianum

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescensRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Green HeronButorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea
Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochleariusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albus
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
White-faced IbisPlegadis chihi
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajaja

 
CATHARTIFORMES: Cathartidae

Black VultureCoragyps atratus
Turkey VultureCathartes aura
Lesser Yellow-headed VultureCathartes burrovianus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus
Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisRare/Accidental
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensis
Northern HarrierCircus hudsonius
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinus
Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
Gray HawkButeo plagiatus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Middle American Screech-OwlMegascops guatemalae
Stygian OwlAsio stygius

 
TROGONIFORMES: Trogonidae

Black-headed TrogonTrogon melanocephalusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonRare/Accidental
American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aenea

 
PICIFORMES: Ramphastidae

Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratusNear-threatened

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Yucatan WoodpeckerMelanerpes pygmaeus
Golden-fronted WoodpeckerMelanerpes aurifrons
Ladder-backed WoodpeckerDryobates scalarisRare/Accidental
Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis
Bat FalconFalco rufigularis
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifrons
Yellow-lored ParrotAmazona xantholora
Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Furnariidae

Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomae
Ivory-billed WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus flavigaster

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tityridae

Masked TityraTityra semifasciata
Gray-collared BecardPachyramphus majorRare/Accidental
Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oxyruncidae

Royal FlycatcherOnychorhynchus coronatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Northern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma imberbe
Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicataRare/Accidental
Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
Caribbean ElaeniaElaenia martinica
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens
Tropical PeweeContopus cinereusRare/Accidental
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensRare/Accidental
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorumRare/Accidental
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimusRare/Accidental
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebeRare/Accidental
Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinusRare/Accidental
Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus
Yucatan FlycatcherMyiarchus yucatanensisRare/Accidental
Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitusRare/Accidental
Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulus
Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusRare/Accidental
Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua
Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis
Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus
Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventris
Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
Couch's KingbirdTyrannus couchii
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis
White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Cozumel VireoVireo bairdiEndemic Near-threatened
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus
Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridis
Black-whiskered VireoVireo altiloquusRare/Accidental
Yucatan VireoVireo magister

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Yucatan JayCyanocorax yucatanicusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Purple MartinProgne subisRare/Accidental
Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
Brown-chested MartinProgne taperaRare/Accidental
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorRare/Accidental
Mangrove SwallowTachycineta albilinea
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulva

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

House WrenTroglodytes aedon

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Black CatbirdMelanoptila glabrirostrisNear-threatened
Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensisRare/Accidental
Cozumel ThrasherToxostoma guttatumEndemic Critically endangered
Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialisRare/Accidental
VeeryCatharus fuscescensRare/Accidental
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimusRare/Accidental
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaRare/Accidental
Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayi
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Tricolored MuniaLonchura malaccaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallidaRare/Accidental
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolniiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Spindalidae

Western SpindalisSpindalis zena

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteriidae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius
Hooded OrioleIcterus cucullatusRare/Accidental
Yellow-backed OrioleIcterus chrysater
Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelas
Orange OrioleIcterus auratusEndemic (country/region)
Altamira OrioleIcterus gularis
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus aterRare/Accidental
Melodious BlackbirdDives dives
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorum
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensisRare/Accidental
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraNear-threatened
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsoniiRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrinaRare/Accidental
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celataRare/Accidental
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapillaRare/Accidental
Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephala
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrina
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Northern ParulaSetophaga americanaRare/Accidental
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaRare/Accidental
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaRare/Accidental
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataNear-threatened
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescensRare/Accidental
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumRare/Accidental
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinusRare/Accidental
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaRare/Accidental
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolorRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusillaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Rose-throated TanagerPiranga roseogularisRare/Accidental
Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Flame-colored TanagerPiranga bidentata
Red-throated Ant-TanagerHabia fuscicaudaRare/Accidental
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Gray-throated ChatGranatellus sallaei
Blue BuntingCyanocompsa parellina
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Painted BuntingPasserina ciris
DickcisselSpiza americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus
Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus
Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaRare/Accidental
Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelleti
BananaquitCoereba flaveola
Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceus
Black-headed SaltatorSaltator atriceps

 

References (partial list)

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